Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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50th Annual Convention; Philadelphia, PA; 2024

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Symposium #429
Diversity submission Safety Behavior at Variety Situations Such as Workplace and Academic Community Applying Behavior-Based Safety
Monday, May 27, 2024
10:00 AM–10:50 AM
Marriott Downtown, Level 3, Liberty Ballroom Salon BC
Area: OBM/CSS; Domain: Applied Research
Chair: Rieko Hojo (Nagaoka University of Technology)
Abstract:

Safety at work and/or at educational place, which used to be ensured by people's "attention" and the "principles of stopping and isolating" has been changed with the introduction of ICT devices and cloud networks so on. For example, due to collaborative work and study activities with ICT devices at work and educational community, the "principles of stopping and isolating" and/or "attention by people" can hardly be applied. In light of the reality of work and study styles that must respond to such rapid changes, it is necessary to search for the optimal safety system. We have been conducting experiments with the aim of realizing safety measures from the perspective of workers and students. In this symposium, we will introduce practical experimental methods for evaluating and measuring workers and University students. Furthermore, we will report the results of measuring workers' sense of safety behavior and as to well-being from perspective of occupational and academic safety.

Instruction Level: Advanced
Keyword(s): Behavior-based safety, Educational safety, Occupational safety, Worker/student
 
Diversity submission 

Increasing Wearing of Bicycle Helmets Among College Students by Distributing Stickers of the State Prime Minister Wearing a Bicycle Helmet

CAROLIN GLÄSER (Technical University of Applied Sciences Würzburg-Schweinfurt), Christoph Bördlein (Technical University of Applied Sciences Würzburg-Schweinfurt (THWS))
Abstract:

Bicyclists are one of the most vulnerable groups of road users. The reasons for this are the relatively high speed and the close proximity of motor vehicles. In contrast, a cyclist has little protection; he does not have a vehicle body around him and usually wears only ordinary clothing. Wearing a bicycle helmet significantly reduces the risk of suffering serious head injuries in the event of an accident. As we found out in a survey, all cyclists are aware of this. Nevertheless, they often refrain from wearing a bicycle helmet, among other things because they mistakenly consider the risk to be low for short distances, because wearing a helmet is considered to be uncomfortable and carrying it around is considered to be inconvenient. In a behavioral community intervention, we distributed stickers showing the Bavarian Prime Minister wearing a bicycle helmet to bicyclists (students and employees) who parked their bicycles in front of or rode away from the university building. Through this intervention, we immediately achieved a doubling to tripling of the percentage of cyclists wearing helmets. This success was maintained after the intervention, although the proportion decreased again over time.

 
Diversity submission 

A Case Study of Quantifying Subjective Evaluation of Safety Awareness Promotion Activities at Work Sites at a Temporary Equipment Rental Company

RIEKO HOJO (Nagaoka University of Technology), Yuka Koremura (ballast), Shoken Shimizu (Safety/ANSHIN and Thecnical Research Center, GOP Co. Ltd.)
Abstract:

We introduce an activity of a team called [SG Cosmos], which specializes in "safety awareness promotion activities" for workers on site provided by GOP Co., Ltd., a temporary equipment rental company, and a method for quantitatively evaluating well-being. The activity is important to share information about safety behavior with workers. The activities involve participatory experiential information transmission with workers. Safety and Security Technology Research Center (SATEC), a research institute of GOP, measured change of Well-being before and after the activity of six workers who took part in the activities and two members of the SG Cosmos who provided the activity. All participants improved their subjective well-being, which represents safety and security, after the activity (Figure 1). In addition, in terms of psychological well-being, which indicates "worthiness" and "gain in life," SG Cosmos' scores increased more in five out of six factors after the activity (Figure 2). On the other hand, it was found that in terms of "positive relationships with others" was shown a significant decrease. We believe that it is important for both the training provider and the trainee to evaluate whether the training is beneficial to each other in order to ensure safe work in the future.

 
Diversity submission 

Answering Behavior of Well-Being Questionnaire Before and After Tasks on Portable Aluminum Alloy Work Platforms

YUKA KOREMURA (ballast), Rieko Hojo (Nagaoka University of Technology), Christoph F. Bördlein (Technical University of Applied Sciences Würzburg-Schweinfurt (THWS)), Kohei Nomura (SATEC, GOP), Shoken Shimizu (Safety/ANSHIN and Technical Research Ceter (SATEC), GOP Co. Ltd)
Abstract:

The focus of the study was on the behavioral change in response to wellbeing questions, one of the indicators of safety, security, and job satisfaction/reward. (1989) and Psychological Well-being developed by Ryff (1989). These questions conventionally require a group to respond once and are then statistically analyzed. In this study, we analyzed one case study. Subjects performed five repetitions of several minutes of work in two different height conditions on two different aluminum alloy portable workbenches and answered the Well-being questions before and after the repetitions. Since the original questions were about "life" in this case, they also answered questions in which the context of the questions was replaced by "work" to examine how the language used in the questions affected their response behavior. Result: For this subject, there were not significant difference answering “life” and “work” questions. Results of Subjective Well-being (Fig. 1) showed that only pre condition answered differently. Results of Psychological Well-being (Fig. 2) showed that there were not significant difference between answering “life” and “work” questionnaire. Of six dimensions of well-being, Personal Growth (PG) answered high points, and Autonomy answered the lowest.

 

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