Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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50th Annual Convention; Philadelphia, PA; 2024

Event Details


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Symposium #182
CE Offered: BACB
A Constructional Approach to Training Complex Skills: The Often Overlooked Role of Component Motor Repertoires
Sunday, May 26, 2024
8:00 AM–8:50 AM
Convention Center, 100 Level, 114
Area: AUT/DDA; Domain: Translational
Chair: Bradley Zvorsky (Zvorsky Bx Consultants)
Discussant: Andrew Miller (Conestoga Behavioral Services, LLC)
CE Instructor: Richele Yeich, M.Ed.
Abstract: In this symposium, we will present compelling success stories that result from the application of the Constructional Approach to motor skills development. The symposium will feature detailed case studies, starting from the initial client interview to program development, staff and parent training, data collection, and follow-up. We will demonstrate how even aggressive or non-cooperative learners can rapidly acquire essential skills without resorting to coercion. All taught by their own parents or novice clinicians. Moreover, we will highlight how these skills can be effectively taught entirely over zoom, using a coaching model. Throughout the symposium, we will provide a clear and detailed demonstration of the step-by-step procedures used to create effective programs. We will closely examine video footage and data to emphasize the outcomes achievable when these two approaches are used in tandem. Initial program considerations will focus on how motor skills training can be used to build assent and enhance the instructor’s teaching ability. From there, we will progress to developing solid learning foundations and practical applications with family and community members.
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Keyword(s): Constructional, Motor, Shaping
Target Audience: knowledge in: basics of instructional design basics of program implementation with learners on the Autism Spectrum basics of parent training
Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of the presentation, participants will be able to: 1. describe the foundations of the Constructional approach. 2. describe the motor skills foundations for assent. 3. describe the procedures for training parents in psychomotor repertoires.
 
Applying the Constructional Approach and Reinforcement Loops to Enhance Instructional Control and Develop Motor Skills
(Theory)
RICHELE YEICH (Great Leaps Academy)
Abstract: The use of reinforcement loops and clear, explicit instruction in tandem with foundational motor programs fosters an environment that is both achievable and assent-based for the clinician and the learner. Weekly supervised coaching sessions, which involve reviewing recorded interactions between the clinician and the learner, are concentrated on pinpointing the pertinent stimulus control, contributing to the development of an inherently constructive model. In this approach, the clinician moves away from the pathological foundations that hinder contemporary teaching and behavior analysis, learning instead to design instructional programs that are grounded in an understanding of individual strengths and conducting a comprehensive component analysis. This method ensures a more personalized and effective learning experience, promoting a positive and constructional educational environment for all involved. This discussion will present multiple video examples of learners from various diagnostic labels that demonstrates how the use of the constructional approach along with reinforcement loops establish strong instructional control in an assent-based format for learners of all types.
 
Instructing Learners in Essential Motor Skills for Daily Activities and Guiding Clinicians on Their Implementation
(Service Delivery)
JONATHAN AMEY (AIMS Instruction)
Abstract: Motor skills, essential for navigating the myriad signals we encounter daily, are frequently underestimated in clinical and educational environments. It's a common assumption among clinicians that clients can effortlessly perform basic tasks, such as sitting in a chair, manipulating items on a table, or turning their heads towards a speaker. It's vital to recognize that the foundation of all these activities lies in the domain of motor skills. Everyday actions like brushing our teeth, restocking grocery store shelves, swimming, and even communicating necessitate intricate, coordinated movements. Inadequacies in these movements can pose significant obstacles to personal development and societal participation. This symposium will outline the foundational skills associated with gross, fine, and oral motor movements. Through case studies, we'll explore how the constructional approach was used to understand the specific motor skills needed for daily living activities, vocational tasks, and sound production. We'll also highlight the teaching methodologies employed to train clinicians, the data collection tools used, and the essential coaching techniques to ensure consistent, quality implementation.
 

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