Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


49th Annual Convention; Denver, CO; 2023

Workshop Details

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Workshop #W17
The Four Causes of Schedule-Induced Behaviors: Experimental and Applied Implications
Thursday, May 25, 2023
4:00 PM–7:00 PM
Convention Center Mile High Ballroom 2A
Area: EAB/PCH; Domain: Basic Research
CE Instructor: Jeff Kupfer, Ph.D.
JEFF KUPFER (University of Colorado Denver), RON F. ALLEN (Simmons University)
Description: Adjunctive or schedule-induced behaviors (sometimes maladaptive and always excessive) are behaviors that are maintained at a high probability by stimuli that derive their reinforcing properties as a function of parameters governing the availability of some other class of reinforcement. In non-human subjects, some schedules of reinforcement have been shown to generate strange behaviors such as: polydipsia, attack against members of its own species, self-induced escape, pica, and hyperactivity; In human subjects, these same schedules can exaggerate behaviors such as fluid intake, aggression, pacing, grooming, eating, stereotypic behavior, smoking and, quite possibly-- “wretched excess”. This presentation provides a new framework for schedule-induced behaviors that organizes sixty years of research and theoretical literature. A video-tape will be shown demonstrating various types of schedule-induced behaviors in a rat and pigeon. Studies describing functional relationships with reinforcement schedules and “generator schedules” (i.e., schedules promoting schedule-induced behaviors) will be reviewed, as well as functional assessment and measurement strategies. Alternative reinforcement strategies in applied settings will be reviewed and case studies will be presented comparing fixed- vs. variable-DRO schedules
Learning Objectives: (1) Attendees will describe the Aristotelian four causes of schedule-induced behaviors (2) Attendees will describe methods to measure and assess schedule-induced behaviors (3) Attendees will describe pitfalls in using common schedules of reinforcement (4) Attendees will describe alternatives to minimize the influence of schedule-induced behaviors
Activities: Instructional strategies: lecture, discussion Workshop objectives will be met through lecture, video presentation, assessments. The format combines lecture and discussion
Audience: Masters level BCBAs or higher
Content Area: Practice
Instruction Level: Intermediate



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