Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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50th Annual Convention; Philadelphia, PA; 2024

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Symposium #430
Using a Task Analysis and TAG Teaching to Increase Proficiency in Compliant Behavior During Cadaver Storage and Repackaging
Monday, May 27, 2024
10:00 AM–10:50 AM
Marriott Downtown, Level 5, Grand Ballroom Salon CD
Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
Chair: Sarah Kent (University of West Florida)
Discussant: Dayna Beddick (University of West Florida)
Abstract:

Positive reinforcement has been a successful operant learning strategy when teaching orthopedic surgical residents how to perfect procedure skills. The medical community has grown interested in reinforcement learning techniques to optimize treatment policies and procedures (Shortreed et al., 2011). Traditional surgical teachings focus less on acknowledgement of skills performed correctly, emphasizing the identification of errors and missteps. Levy et al. (2016), an orthopedic surgeon and canine training enthusiast, took a behavior analytical approach to assist medical students in learning surgical techniques. Procedural steps were broken down for medical students to follow and achievements of each step were noted with an event marker (Levy, et al., 2016). Conditioned reinforcement is an increasingly popular topic, specifically surrounding TAGteaching, an acoustic training stimuli (Pfaller-Sadovsky et al., 2020). For decades, the storage and management of cadavers for gross anatomy and surgical procedures have been a challenging and problematic issue (Anyanwu et al., 2011). More research is needed to understand learning strategies when teaching medical professionals how to handle cadaver tissue more competently and vigilantly. The goal of this study will be to evaluate the effects of using a picture-based task analysis and TAGteaching on skill acquisition during the cadaver storage and re-packaging process.

Instruction Level: Intermediate
Keyword(s): analysis, cadaver, storage, tagteaching
 
Using a Task Analysis and TAG Teaching to Increase Proficiency in Compliant Behavior During Cadaver Storage and Repackaging
JESSICA TRUETT (Andrews Research & Education Foundation), Bailey Hannah Burk (University of West Florida), Leasha Barry (University of West Florida)
Abstract: Positive reinforcement has been a successful operant learning strategy when teaching orthopedic surgical residents how to perfect procedure skills. The medical community has grown interested in reinforcement learning techniques to optimize treatment policies and procedures (Shortreed et al., 2011). Traditional surgical teachings focus less on acknowledgement of skills performed correctly, emphasizing the identification of errors and missteps. Levy et al. (2016), an orthopedic surgeon and canine training enthusiast, took a behavior analytical approach to assist medical students in learning surgical techniques. Procedural steps were broken down for medical students to follow and achievements of each step were noted with an event marker (Levy, et al., 2016). Conditioned reinforcement is an increasingly popular topic, specifically surrounding TAGteaching, an acoustic training stimuli (Pfaller-Sadovsky et al., 2020). For decades, the storage and management of cadavers for gross anatomy and surgical procedures have been a challenging and problematic issue (Anyanwu et al., 2011). More research is needed to understand learning strategies when teaching medical professionals how to handle cadaver tissue more competently and vigilantly. The goal of this study will be to evaluate the effects of using a picture-based task analysis and TAGteaching on skill acquisition during the cadaver storage and re-packaging process.
 

Applying Behavior Analysis in Surgical Practice Settings: Organizational Behavior Management to Increase Proficiency During Orthopedic Biomechanical Cadaver Testing

MAGDALYN RAE HELTON (University of West Florida), Bailey Hannah Burk (University of West Florida), Leasha Barry (University of West Florida)
Abstract:

Organizational behavior management (OBM) is the application of behavior analytic principles to individuals and groups in different settings such as business, industry, medical, government, and human services (Wilder, et al., 2009). OBM and applied behavior analysis (ABA) strategies have been utilized in environments to develop better strategies for breaking down complex skills into smaller behavioral units, instructional models for shaping complex behavior, and reinforcement procedures to shape and maintain target responses (Seniuk et al., 2013). Several subdisciplines have been the focus of modern day OBM, including performance management, systems analysis, and behavior-based safety (Wilder, et al., 2009). By putting a focus on quality deficits and necessary productivity improvements in an orthopedic surgical skills lab, OBM can be of use to enhance proficiency and consistency while testing specific tensile and torsional techniques on cadavers with the use of complex machinery systems such as the Instron. By changing the testing environment through the addition of a disposable computed tomography (CT) biopsy grid, this study will evaluate the effectiveness of OBM in reducing variation and increasing performance outcomes among orthopedic surgeons during cadaver testing.

 

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