Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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50th Annual Convention; Philadelphia, PA; 2024

Event Details


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Symposium #260
CE Offered: BACB
The Use of Contingency Management With a Deposit Contract to Increase Self Care In University Students
Sunday, May 26, 2024
11:00 AM–11:50 AM
Marriott Downtown, Level 5, Grand Ballroom Salon G
Area: EDC/DEV; Domain: Applied Research
Chair: Sharon A. Reeve (Caldwell University)
Discussant: April N. Kisamore (Hunter College, CUNY)
CE Instructor: April N. Kisamore, Ph.D.
Abstract:

Self-care is an area in which all adults can benefit. For example, low physical activity levels increase the risk of diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease yet approximately 23% of adults don’t meet the recommended physical activity guidelines. In addition, there are approximately 3.5 billion people impacted by oral health disease and most adverse oral health conditions can be prevented by accurate toothbrushing yet many adults don’t accurately brush their teeth. It seems there is a need for research and application for increasing both activity level and toothbrushing. The first study aimed to increase exercise frequency and the second study sought to increase toothbrushing accuracy in three university students. Both studies used a treatment package that included self-monitoring, goal setting, feedback, and contingency management, along with a deposit contract. A nonconcurrent multiple baseline design across participants was used to assess experimental control and treatment effectiveness in both studies. Results of both studies showed significant increases in self-care. These results add to the growing body of evidence suggesting contingency management with deposit contracts may be effective at improving self-care. Future research can explore the effectiveness of this approach in different health-related behaviors and across diverse populations.

Instruction Level: Basic
Keyword(s): Contingency Management, Deposit Contract, Self Monitoring, University Students
Target Audience:

beginners

Learning Objectives: After the presentation, participants will 1. define contingency management 2. define deposit contract 3. describe an effective way to teach toothbrushing
 
Evaluating a Treatment Package to Increase Exercise in University Students
MELISSA NICOLE SIMONE (Caldwell University), Sharon A. Reeve (Caldwell University), Ruth M. DeBar (Caldwell University), Linda Sue Meyer (Linda S. Meyer Consulting, LLC), Carleana Hickey (Caldwell University)
Abstract: Approximately 23% of adults in the United States do not engage in the recommended guidelines for physical activity, thus, increasing their risk for developing various health-related diseases. Despite the importance of physical activity, previous research has primarily focused on increasing step count. A combination of interventions have been evaluated to increase physical activity such as self-monitoring, goal setting, feedback, and contingency management. However, research is needed to evaluate the effects of these interventions on increasing exercise. Thus, the current study aimed to increase the frequency of exercise sessions in three University students through the use of a treatment package consisting of self-monitoring, goal setting, feedback, and contingency management plus a deposit contract. A nonconcurrent multiple baseline design across participants was used to assess the effectiveness of the treatment package. The results from this study demonstrated increases in exercise sessions during the intervention in comparison to baseline. The results add to the current body of literature demonstrating that a treatment package consisting of self-monitoring, goal setting, feedback, and contingency management plus a deposit contract may be successful in increasing physical activity. Future research may evaluate the effectiveness of this treatment package with other physical activity related behaviors and with various populations.
 

Using Contingency Management With a Deposit Contract to Increase Toothbrushing Accuracy With College Students

BRIAR NICOLE MORONEY (Caldwell University), Sharon A. Reeve (Caldwell University), KENNETH F. REEVE (Caldwell University), Meghan Deshais (Rutgers University), Carleana Hickey (Caldwell University)
Abstract:

Although there are approximately 3.5 billion people impacted by oral health diseases, most adverse oral health conditions can be prevented by accurate toothbrushing. Despite its importance, however, there is a dearth of research teaching toothbrushing accuracy. One intervention that was previously shown to be effective at increasing other components of toothbrushing is contingency management. Thus, the current study aimed to improve toothbrushing accuracies in three college students through use of a contingency management with a deposit contract intervention. Specifically, participants deposited money and earned back portions of their deposit as they met predetermined accuracy goals. A nonconcurrent multiple baseline design across participants was used to assess intervention effectiveness and experimental control. Results showed increases in accuracy during contingency management with a deposit contract compared to baseline for all three participants. These results add to the growing body of evidence suggesting contingency management with deposit contracts may be effective at improving health-related behaviors.

 

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