|On the Dimensions of Behavior Analysis
|Saturday, May 23, 2020
|12:00 PM–12:50 PM
|Marriott Marquis, Level M1, Georgetown
|Instruction Level: Intermediate
|Chair: Edward K. Morris (University of Kansas)
|The Dimensions of the Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis
|EDWARD K. MORRIS (University of Kansas), Deborah E. Altus (Washburn University), Matthew Novak (University of Kansas)
|Abstract: In 1968, Baer, Wolf, and Risley described “some current dimensions of applied behavior analysis” (ABA). Since then, their article and its dimensions have been fundamental in identifying ABA research: “Obviously, the study must be applied, behavioral, and analytic; in addition, it should be technological, conceptually systematic, and effective, and it should display some generality” (p. 92). Occasionally, the dimensions have been used to describe and critique applied research (e.g., in gerontology). More recently, they have been used to rate the quality of ABA research in individual articles and research programs. For this, rubrics have been developed for the seven dimensions. This presentation brings one of these rubrics to bear on the issue of whether articles published in the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis must meet Baer, Wolf, and Risley’s criteria for the dimensions. It suggests that this requirement may prove onerous because none of the dimensions has unequivocal criteria. They vary in ther own dimensions. That is, the dimensions of the applied behavior analysis have dimensions. This presentation describes the dimensions of each of these dimensions (i.e., the rubric for scoring each dimension) and discusses their relevance for deciding what research to publish in the journal.
Chain Analyses of Behavior, Behavioral Products, and Ecological Situations as a Method in the DiagnosticDecimal System of Behavior Assets and Problems
|MARTTI T. TUOMISTO (Faculty of Social Sciences, Tampere University )
The Decimal Systemof Behavior (DSB)—a principle and function based system—was initiated in 2010 as a behavior-analytic alternative to diagnostic systems for the classification of behavior assets and problems. The DSB is a behavior process -based system for the identification of behaviors that may be described and analyzed in behavior chains. These chains include separate behaviors plus behavioral products or ecological situations that may follow each other in sequences. Two behavior chains may occur simultaneously. The behaviors in the chains have their own developmental and reinforcement histories that may be investigated after the formulation of the chains. These investigations may be paradigmatic and lead to experimental analysis, goal-setting, and interventions for the asset or problem behaviors. The basic aim of the DSB is to lead to goal-setting and intervention that is relevant and specific for each of the ten main classes of behaviors included in the DSB (e.g., motivating operations or reinforcement problems). Through the DSB classification adequate goals and interventions may be formulated and implemented for behavior analysts to be able to achieve a comprehensive and effective outcome of the analyses. The DSB has been tested in behavioral supervision. Examples of chain analyses highlight the method.