Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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50th Annual Convention; Philadelphia, PA; 2024

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Paper Session #310
CE Offered: BACB
Current Issues in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) II
Sunday, May 26, 2024
3:00 PM–3:50 PM
Convention Center, 200 Level, 204 C
Area: PCH
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Chair: Joshua Mellott (Kennedy Krieger Institute)
CE Instructor: Joshua Mellott, Ph.D.
 

Evaluation of a Compounding Functional Analysis Procedure to Inform Behavioral Intervention

Domain: Service Delivery
JOSHUA MELLOTT (Kennedy Krieger Institute), Matthew L. Edelstein (Kennedy Krieger Institute)
 
Abstract:

Since the introduction of functional analysis (FA) procedures by Iwata et al. (1982), researchers have evaluated the evocation and maintenance of challenging behavior through the presentation of either isolated or multiple, synthesized reinforcement contingencies. Despite a consensus around the influence that idiosyncratic variables can have on the results of a functional analysis, to date there have been no investigations into the utility of procedures to assess for the potential of order effects when presenting establishing operations (EO) in an FA. The goal of the current study is to evaluate the role of sequence in EO presentation when indirect assessment suggests that challenging behavior may be maintained by more than a single contingency. Establishing operations were presented one at a time within a single test condition, allowing authors to analyze the impact of compounded evocative stimuli. Subsequent treatment procedures were informed by the results of the compounding functional analysis, and allowed for increased generality across contexts and caregivers. The current presentation will outline a set of procedures for the compounding presentation of establishing operations, present assessment and treatment data, and discuss potential implications for individualization of treatment procedures.

 
Expanding Our Understanding of Prompts to Include Consequence Prompts and Motivating Operations Prompts
Domain: Theory
KEVIN MARCHINI (Helping Hands Family)
 
Abstract: A more thorough understanding of prompts is relevant to both implementation of procedures and understanding failures in mastery and generalization, the current conceptualization addresses both the antecedent (stimulus prompts) and behavior (response prompts), but it fails to address prompts that would be relevant to the consequence and Motivating Operation (MO). Prompts are defined as supplementary stimuli that increase or evoke responding and are not directly part of the contingency (antecedent, behavior, or consequence) (Cooper et al., 2021). Prompts are typically defined as either stimulus prompts (e.g., positional, size, exaggerating properties of the stimulus, etc.) or response prompts (e.g., physical, model, gestural, etc.) (Dietz, et al. 1985). Prompts can be defined in reference to implementation or can be examined to determine supplementary stimuli leading to failures in establishing stimulus control. Important to both implementation of prompts and determining failures to establish stimulus control, prompts should be expanded to include all elements of the contingency to include the Consequence and M) as part of the 4-term contingency. Expanding prompts to include prompts related to both the consequence and MO would be beneficial in more effective and efficient implementation of procedures by allowing systematic fading of prompts and lead to a better understanding in failures in mastery and generalization related to consequence prompts and MO prompts.
 
 

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