Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


50th Annual Convention; Philadelphia, PA; 2024

Event Details

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Paper Session #68
Comparing Human Video Modeling to Cartoon Video Modeling for Learners With Autism
Saturday, May 25, 2024
12:00 PM–12:25 PM
Convention Center, 100 Level, 113 A
Area: AUT
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Chair: Christopher Bloh (Kutztown University)

Comparing Human Video Modeling to Cartoon Video Modeling for Learners With Autism

Domain: Applied Research
CHRISTOPHER BLOH (Kutztown University), Lynn Bacon (Allentown School District), Barbara Begel (Allentown School District), Katherine Madara (Kutztown University), Brianna Koller (Kutztown University)

People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may have difficulty interacting both vocally and physically during conversations. Not responding with an appropriate word coupled with an absence of body language could compromise social opportunities. The literature lists scores of studies implementing human video modeling to increase skills of people with ASD but not much research has been conducted using cartoon video modeling. This study compared human video modeling to cartoon videos to teach vocal responding, facial expression, and body language to eight children with ASD. Seven of the eight participants acquired the target behaviors with one or both methods to some degree. Two participants demonstrated more of the target behaviors with the human video, three demonstrated more with the cartoon, and little difference in learning was observed for three participants. One participant only demonstrated behaviors targeted by the human video and another only demonstrated behaviors target by the cartoon video, suggesting that both methods could be effective and neither was conclusively superior.




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