|Finding Truth in Workability: Analyses of Common Behavior-Analytic Practices in School and Clinic|
|Sunday, May 27, 2018|
|10:00 AM–10:50 AM |
|Manchester Grand Hyatt, Seaport Ballroom DE|
|Area: PRA/OBM; Domain: Translational|
|Chair: Zoey Watts (Arizona State University)|
|CE Instructor: Madison Jameson, M.A.|
Philosophical doubt is one of the core attitudes upon which science should be based...and yet, we often hesitate to question what "is" within our field and science. The present symposium provides preliminary investigations to common practices within our field and provides analyses as to their viability in a field geared towards efficiency couched in evidence-based practice.
|Keyword(s): Differential Reinforcement, OBM, Video prompting|
|Target Audience: |
The target audience is RBTs and BCBAs who are beginner-moderate in their levels of experience specific to behavior-analytic practice.
|Learning Objectives: 1. Attendees will learn about the ways in which they may promote more reliable, real-time data collection methodologies with their staff/employees. 2. Participants will learn of the viability of DNRO as an intervention in isolation vs. additive, component-based approaches. 3. Attendees will be exposed to preliminary video prompting methods and how the ABA community should consider redefining what is entailed in our descriptions of video prompting/modeling if when these are accompanied by other prompting strategies.|
Words Mean Something: A Parametric Analysis of Video Prompting
|RODRIGO ESTEBAN MENDOZA (Arizona State University), Adam DeLine Hahs (Arizona State University)|
Traditional video modeling and prompting accounts often supplement said interventions with stimulus and response prompts to promote the acquisition of some behavior. The present study investigated the extent to which video clip length alone impacts the acquisition of a novel skill via video prompting (i.e., in the absence of additional prompts). Results suggest that longer durations of clip length facilitated skill acquisition, yet gains were diminishing as the response requirement increased in the absence of additional prompts for four of four participants. The implications of video prompting are discussed.
Organizational Behavior Management in a Supported Living Setting: Increasing Daily Data Collection
|JOHN GUERCIO (Benchmark Human Services), Madison Jameson (Benchmark Human Services)|
Organizational Behavior Management (OBM) uses principles of applied behavior analysis (ABA) and applies it to the fields of business and industry. Within the human services field, there tend to be many skills deficits in direct support staff members. The use of strategies derived from behavior analysis and organizational behavior management can be applied to aid the performance of staff members within this field. In the current study, OBM strategies were used to increase daily data completion of several direct support staff members in an adult supported living organization in central Missouri. A multiple baseline across participants experimental design was utilized. Staff members increased daily data collection completion to near 100%, following antecedent and consequence interventions by behavioral staff members. Staff were provided with personally selected reinforcers for appropriate data completion. Keywords: organizational behavior management, human services, and direct support workers
The Effect of Differential Negative Reinforcement of Other Behavior on Tolerance to Aversive Stimuli
|Mario Lanuza (Arizona State University), ADAM HAHS (Arizona State University)|
The purpose of the study was to extend the research on Differential Negative Reinforcement of Other Behavior (DNRO). The procedure involved the removal of a stimulus (i.e., glasses in this case) contingent on the absence of a behavior that increases the probability of those alternative behaviors occurring in the future. Results indicate that the implementation of DNRO alone didn't facilitate acceptance of glasses-wearing behavior but required an additional reinforcement-based component to increase said behavior. The implications and viability of DNRO procedures alone are discussed.