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Association for Behavior Analysis International

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Ninth International Conference; Paris, France; 2017

Event Details

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Poster Session #40
Tuesday, November 14, 2017
5:30 PM–7:00 PM
Studio GHIJ; Niveau 2
66. Content Analyses of Smartphone Applications for Diabetes and Asthma Self-Management
Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research
BRETT EDWARD FURLONGER (Monash University), Marko Ostojic (Monash University), Jasmine Chung (Monash University), Angelika Anderson (Monash University), Dennis W. Moore (Monash University)
Abstract: The ready accessibility of convenient and cost-effective smartphone applications (apps) suggests this technology may be an effective medium for the self-management of chronic health conditions. Accessibility, however, does not guarantee quality or efficacy. Effective interventions require the implementation of evidence-based behavior change strategies and little has been done to assess mobile apps designed for self-management of diabetes or asthma. To this end independent content analyses on Type 2 diabetes and asthma management apps were conducted. Systematic searches were undertaken on iTunes and Google Play using pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria. The process resulted in identification of 40 diabetes apps (10 free and 10 paid from each store) and 36 asthma apps (26 iTunes, 12 Google; 27 free, 9 paid). Two raters independently assessed the apps for the presence/absence of behavior change techniques (with BCTTv1) and quality domains with the mobile app rating scale (uMARS). Results indicated that both diabetes and asthma apps utilized few behavior change techniques, although higher scores on quality domains were positively correlated with the presence of more behavior change techniques. Though mobile apps appear to be potentially valuable tools more research is required to improve the behavioral technology and to test their efficacy in clinical settings.
67. NAVIGATOR-ACT for Parents of Children With Disabilities
Area: CBM; Domain: Service Delivery
BELLA GRABRIELA BERG (Autism Center For Young Children), Tiina Maria Holmberg Bergman (Supervision and Support Centre, Habilitation and Health)
Abstract: Background: Many studies show that the parents of children with disabilities, especially Autism Spectrum Disorders, have high levels of stress, experience psychological distress and are more often depressed than parents of neurotypical children (e.g., Mak & Kwok, 2010, Hayes & Watson, 2013). Despite of the research on psychiatric problems among these parents, there are far fewer studies regarding treatment. A few studies, however, highlight Acceptance- and Commitment Therapy (ACT) as an alternative for treatment in this target group (e.g. Blackledge & Hayes, 2006). At the Habilitation and Health in Stockholm, Sweden, ACT has been used since 2007 as part of parent support services. Initially ACT was offered to parents whose children with autism participated in the intensive ABA programs. Later on, all parents in need of stress intervention were included. Purpose: The goal with ACT-intervention is to reduce parents stress and depression, practice acceptance and mindfulness skills, and help the participants to take steps towards a valued direction in life, despite of ones life situation. The purpose with this presentation is to introduce the manual based intervention NAVIGATOR-ACT to parents of children with disabilities, and present results from the pilot study conducted at the Habilitation and Health 2016-2017. Method: During the pilot study, treatment credibility, participant satisfaction and preliminary treatment effects of Navigator ACT were evaluated. The following research questions were considered: 1. Is the Navigator ACT a functional method of treatment for stressed and/or depressed parents? 2. Are participants satisfied with the method? 3. Is the Navigator ACT an effective method in this target group, for a) reducing parenting stress; b) increasing mindfulness skills; c) increasing psychological flexibility and well-being; d) reducing symptoms of depression; e) reducing behavioral problems of the child with disabilities? The effects of treatment were measured with standardized self-evaluation forms, a treatment credibility scale and session/course evaluations. Conclusion: Data is currently being processed. We are going to obtain results from the pilot study at the end of this autumn.



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