Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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45th Annual Convention; Chicago, IL; 2019

Event Details

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Symposium #136
CE Offered: BACB
Recent Research Evaluating Video for Enhancing Sports Performance
Saturday, May 25, 2019
5:00 PM–5:50 PM
Fairmont, B2, Imperial Ballroom
Area: CSS/CBM; Domain: Applied Research
Chair: Merritt Schenk (University of South Florida)
CE Instructor: Merritt Schenk, M.A.
Abstract: This symposium includes three papers that evaluate interventions for enhancing sports performance with a focus on the different components of current video interventions. Schenk and Miltenberger discuss research evaluating the separate contributions of video modeling and video feedback for enhancing the performance of little league baseball pitchers. Snapp and Miltenberger discuss research evaluating the utility of video feedback for improving three separate cheerleading tumbling skills. Sellers discusses research evaluating the combined effects of video modeling and video feedback for improving three foundational rock climbing skills.
Instruction Level: Basic
Keyword(s): Sports Performance
Target Audience: The target audience is all practicing behavior analysts who wish to learn about the application of behavior analytic techniques with typical developing populations.
Learning Objectives: 1. Replicate and demonstrate the utility of behavioral interventions for sports performance 2. Begin to assess the useful components in established interventions for sports-related performance enhancement 3. Continue to disseminate behavior analysis to fields outside of developmental disabilities
 

Evaluating Video Modeling Versus Video Feedback to Improve Baseball Pitching

Merritt Schenk (University of South Florida), RAYMOND G. MILTENBERGER (University of South Florida)
Abstract:

This study examined the use of video modeling and video feedback to evaluate how each procedure may improve pitching skills of baseball players in a community Little League. A multiple baseline design across participants with an ABC sequence was used to evaluate the intervention. In Phase 1 of intervention, the effects of video modeling were assessed. In Phase 2, the effects of video feedback were assessed for participants who did not show adequate performance improvement during Phase 1. A follow-up phase was conducted to examine maintenance of skill performance after a successful intervention. The results indicate that video modeling had little to no effect on performance, and video feedback was the important component to teaching pitching skills.

 
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Video Feedback to Improve Cheerleading Skills
SARA KATE SNAPP (University of South Florida), Raymond G. Miltenberger (University of South Florida)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of video feedback to improve three cheerleading tumbling skills in a multiple baseline across behaviors design. The study included three high school cheerleaders. Target behaviors included a front walkover roundoff back handspring, a standing back tuck, and a toe touch two back handsprings. Video feedback increase the percentage correct for each of the three skills for all three participants. This study represents a systematic replication of video feedback to a novel sport and shows the robustness of this procedure for enhancing sports performance.
 
An Application of Expert Video Modeling and Feedback to Increase Foundational Climbing Skills in Novice Rock Climbers
SETH WALKER (Utah State University), Kerry Abigail Shea (Utah State University), Tyra Paige Sellers (Behavior Analyst Certification Board)
Abstract: There is a growing body of research examining novel applications of behavior analytic technology. One specific area of study is the application of behavior analysis in sports, health, and fitness. Several studies have examined the efficacy of behavior analytic coaching strategies in sports to increase performer fluency and accuracy. Rock climbing is a multifaceted sport that requires mastery of a number of complex behavior chains in order to successfully navigate either an artificial or natural climbing surface. To date, training rock climbing movement has not been a focus of many empirical investigations. The majority of rock climbing studies that do investigate training for climbers typically focus on the physiological aspects of rock climbing. In this study, researchers examined the application of expert video modeling and feedback on the performance of foundational rock climbing skills. Participants demonstrated an increase in fluency for all skills that were targeted in the intervention.
 

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