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Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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42nd Annual Convention; Downtown Chicago, IL; 2016

Event Details

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Poster Session #252
Monday, May 30, 2016
12:00 PM–2:00 PM
Riverside Exhibit Hall, Hyatt Regency, Purple East
Chair: Todd A. Ward (bSci21 Media, LLC)
38. Alabama Parenting Questionnaire Validation in Mexican Population
Area: CSE; Domain: Applied Research
Judith Elisa Ferrer Alarc�n (National Autonomous University of Mexico), Juan Ismael Matías Mestas (National Autonomous University of Mexico), Carlos Omar Martínez Colín (National Autonomous University of Mexico), SILVIA MORALES CHAINE (National Autonomous University of Mexico)
Discussant: Richard Smith (University of North Texas)
Abstract: Parenting styles are associated with child behavior problems such as aggression, opposition or rules violation. Parenting practices have influence in child behavior. The Alabama Parenting Questionnaire assesses parenting practices such as parenting positive or inconsistence discipline. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of Alabama Parenting Questionnaire adapted to Mexican population and compare parenting practices between socioeconomic level of the parents. We worked with 330 parents (M=36.9 years)of children between 3 and 12 years old, who belonged to a Treatment Community for Adolescents in conflict with law, a church, a community psychological service of a private university and a private religious school. We apply a version of Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (parent version of Shelton, Frick & Wotton, 1996) adapted to mexican culture. We performed a factor analysis with varimax rotation and one-way ANOVA to compare the differences between socioeconomic level. The analysis showed 4 factors (Inconsistent Discipline, Positive Parenting, Poor Monitoring and Involvement). There are no significance differences in parenting practices between socioeconomic level. The results show a valid Mexican version of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire. In order to be representative, it is necessary to continue adapting the questionnaire with rural and urban population.
39. Parenting Practices Related With Age, Socioeconomic,and School Level
Area: CSE; Domain: Applied Research
DAVID AMAYA (National Autonomous University of Mexico), Sandra Ferrer (National Autonomous University of Mexico), Silvia Morales Chaine (National Autonomous University of Mexico)
Discussant: Richard Smith (University of North Texas)
Abstract: The aim of this study was to compare parental practices in relation with school level ( Low school, Elementary school, Junior High School, High School and University), socioeconomic level (Incomes: E = $0-158.76, D= $158.82-399.94, D+=$400-682.29, C = 682.35 -2058.76, C+=2058.82-4999.94 )and; age of the parents (18-28 years, 29-40 years, 41-71 years). Participated 332 caregivers between 18 and 71 years old with. Participants answered the Parenting Practices Inventory (CPI) composed of six subscales (Punishment, Material Gains, Social Interaction, Norms, Social Gains and Limits), and the Child Management Skills Questionnaire (CMSQ) composed of four subscales (Ignore to promote appropriate behavior (ITAB), Praise, Clear instructions, problem solving and Rules establishment (CPER) and Social and academic interaction (SAI)). Results showed that parents between 29-39 years have lower percentage (M = 33.5) in Praise, parents with High School (M = 10.76) and Junior High School (M = 10.11) have higher percentage in ITAB. Parents with University (M = 28.28) and high school (M = 23.05) have higher percentage in the ICTE subscale. Parents with low school (M = 60.89), Junior High School (M = 50.56), income E (M = 56.83) and income C + (M = 51.39) reported more use of material gains.
40. Applying Applied Behavior Analysis to Domestic Violence and the Extreme Household Dysfunction From Which It Eminates
Area: CSE; Domain: Service Delivery
RICHARD COOK (Penn State University)
Discussant: Richard Smith (University of North Texas)
Abstract: Application of ABAI to domestic violence and extreme household dysfunction. Domestic violence, and the even more prevalent morass of extreme household dysfunction from which much domestic violence arises, are widespread, socially significant problems, causing many injuries, deaths, disrupted marriages, broken homes, and, especially, scarred childhoods that then perpetuate problems to an exponentially greater number of persons and households for generations to come. They are also behaviors, and as such, can be addressed by the principles of Applied Behavior Analysis, and yet, inexplicably, arent, at least on any widespread scale, as evidence by the dearth of such presentations at previous ABAI meetings, and the absence of a category of submission for such. Repetitive, chronic dysfunctional behaviors, habits, set the stage for acute dysfunctional behaviors that can in an instant change the life trajectories of all family members. Principles of public health offer that traditional efforts such as awareness campaigns and educational programs are simply not very efficient, and often not effective, as means of controlling a public health problem.when compared with approaches that are powerful enough to solve it by directly changing behavior, and/or the environment (antecedent state). This poster will outline approaches to apply ABA principals at the individual, family, and community level.
41. Parents Rearing Practices of Adolescents in Conflict With the Law
Area: CSE; Domain: Applied Research
ALAN CRUZ (National Autonomous University of Mexico), Rebeca Maldonado (National Autonomous University of Mexico), Alejandra Rivera (National Autonomous University of Mexico), Silvia Morales Chaine (National Autonomous University of Mexico)
Discussant: Richard Smith (University of North Texas)
Abstract: Practical parenting parents of adolescents in conflict with the law some studies indicate that the conduct of minors is highly related to the conduct of their parents (Ayala, 2000). It has found that low levels of communication between parents and children, and the lack of supervision, is associated with the development of aggressive behavior (Cavell, 2000). The objective of the present study was to compare the parenting practices used by parents who have teenage children in conflict with the law and parents with children without conflicts of this type. 298 parents participated, 149 parents formed the group with one minor child offending and 149 without one offending child. Used inventory practices of breeding (IPC), (2013 Lopez) with a reliability of 92 to learn practices that parents were carried out with their children. The results showed significant differences in the sub scales of material gain (t = 4.22, sig:. 000) and limits (t = 2.11, sig: 0.035), parents of adolescents in conflict with the law showed higher score on the earnings scale materials and limits with an average of 20.26 and 20.79 respectively, with the above it can be concluded that limits laying down their children are different in groups like the material gains that they can grant to the conduct of their children, given these results is necessary to investigate other factors engaged by what can be related to other risk factors such as lower education level or household income.
42. The Therapist's Behavior and Its Relationship With User's Attendance to Third Treatment Session
Area: CSE; Domain: Applied Research
Judith Elisa Ferrer Alarc�n (National Autonomous University of Mexico), SILVIA MORALES CHAINÉ (National Autonomous University of Mexico)
Discussant: Richard Smith (University of North Texas)
Abstract: The users leave the intervention before the first month of treatment, when they have not received the expected benefits with the procedures. In Mexico the 51.9% of drug users leave the intervention before three first sessions. Therapist�s behavior has influence in the user�s behavior. The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between the therapist�s behavior and user�s attendance to third session after a one session of brief counseling using motivational interviewing. We worked with 8 therapists (87.5 % female) aged 22 to 43 years old and 8 men aged 18 to 57 years old who used marijuana, cocaine or tobacco, at the public institution created to prevent drug abuse. We used a sequential behavioral coding system in motivational interviewing that includes 20 behavioral categories. We obtained a reliability of 0.87 through kappa index and we performed a sequential analysis. The results showed therapist�s behaviors consistent with motivational interviewing were more likely to be followed by user�s behavior change talk. With those users who stopped treatment therapists showed more inconsistent behavior with motivational interviewing. By understanding the behavior performed by the therapist and his connection with user�s attendance we will hope foster the behaviors that increase adherence to treatment.
43. Effectiveness of Short Text Messages and Videos on Television and Media Technology on Parenting Strategies
Area: CSE; Domain: Applied Research
ALEJANDRA LOPEZ MONTOYA (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México), Diana Isabel Santos (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico), Brandon De Nova (Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico), Silvia Morales Chaine (National Autonomous University of Mexico)
Discussant: Richard Smith (University of North Texas)
Abstract: Effectiveness of short text messages and videos on television and media technology on parenting strategies Behavioral training for parents has been recognized as the top intervention strategy for disruptive behaviors (Forehand, Jones, & Parent, 2013). Existing programs for the development of parenting skills are not readily accessible, due to time, effort, or cost demands (York & Loeb, 2014). That is why advances in digital information technologies are creating opportunities for behavior analysts (Dallery, Kurti & Erb, 2014). In parenting practices in particular, text messages sent to parents have shown to be effective in transmitting these skills (York & Loeb, 2014). Thus the aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of short text messages and videos on television and media technology on parenting strategies for parents. One hundred and seventeen parents (93 women and 24 men), with an age range of 49 years, participated in the study; parents had at least a child between four and 12 years old. A pre-post experimental design was used. Parents answered the Parenting Practices Scale (IPC) and the Children Behavior Management Questionnaire (CHAMI), and were then randomly assigned to each of the following three groups: 47 to text messages recommendations, 34 to video recommendations and 36 to a control group which did not receive any recommendations. The initial results of single-factor analysis of variance showed no significant differences between groups before the procedure. It is expected to find significant differences from the effect of the technological resource used.
44. A Behavioral Economic Analysis of the Relationship Between Diet and Exercise With Adolescents Who Are Obese
Area: CSE; Domain: Applied Research
NICOLE H. LUSTIG (The University of Iowa), David P. Wacker (The University of Iowa), Jessica Detrick (University of Iowa)
Discussant: Richard Smith (University of North Texas)
Abstract: Obesity is a significant public health concern and socially significant problem. One way to conceptualize obesity is through an individuals choice-making regarding their consumption of foods and exercises. Behavior Economic Theory (BET) is an efficient methodology to assess choice making and describe relationships between co-occurring choices. The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between diet and exercise, through the BET framework, in adolescent female who are obese within an ABC design. Using a concurrent schedules design, participants recorded daily perceived calories consumed and expended using an electronic self-monitoring program for baseline (Phase 1). After Phase 1, the researcher presented a choice between diet and exercise and developed a behavioral contract with goals addressing that choice for Phase 2. A subsequent behavioral contract was developed to target the alternative lifestyle change in Phase 3. The participants continued to record daily consumption and expenditure during Phases 2 and 3. The relationship between consumption and exercise the 3 of 5 participants was complementary. However, successful weight loss occurred for the participant with a substitutable relationship. Interobserver agreement was calculated for 34% of days and averaged 98%.



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