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Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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42nd Annual Convention; Downtown Chicago, IL; 2016

Event Details

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Paper Session #400
Process, Culture, and Generalization Considerations Within Organizational Behavior Management
Tuesday, May 31, 2016
8:00 AM–8:50 AM
Vevey 3 & 4, Swissotel
Area: OBM
Chair: Jason Lewis (Florida Institute of Technology)
Antecedent Manipulation and Feedback to Increase Morning Task Completion
Domain: Applied Research
JASON LEWIS (Florida Institute of Technology), Joshua K. Pritchard (Florida Institute of Technology)
Abstract: There is some debate within the field of organizational behavior management as to whether feedback is a consequential manipulation (Daniels & Bailey, 2014) or an antecedent manipulation that functions as goal setting (Locke et al., 1981). One aspect of feedback that has not been studied as extensively is how well feedback generalizes to pinpointed behaviors not associated with the contingency. The present study examined the effects of an antecedent intervention alone, and an antecedent intervention paired with feedback, on increased morning tasks completed by 15 behavior technician employees at a private school. We also measured generalization effects, from the intervention for tasks completed, to the pinpoints of tardiness and latency to work. Results indicate that the antecedent intervention slightly improved completion of morning tasks, before decreasing to near-baseline levels. The most notable effects on the completion of morning tasks occurred when employees received feedback in combination with the antecedent intervention. These results did not generalize to the pinpoints of tardiness and latency.
 
Integrating Behavioral Systems Analysis, Metacontingencies, and Self-Organization: Can't We All Just Get Along?
Domain: Theory
JONATHAN KRISPIN (Valdosta State University)
Abstract: In organizational behavior management (OBM), Behavioral Systems Analysis (BSA) has been advocated as a complementary approach combining principles from general systems theory with operant contingencies governing at the level of individual behavior, leading to improved results in organizational interventions beyond what might be achieved using either approach in exclusion. Numerous researchers have suggested that effective organizational interventions must account for higher-level and often delayed consequences for behavior stemming, for example, from contingencies associated with the selection of a product by external consumers, and from organizational strategies, goals, and policies. Similar suggestions have recently been observed in discussions of metacontingent analysis and the role that behavioral interventions may play in affecting cultural change. Mattaini (2004; 2006) cautioned that recent developments in a particular area of systems theory, specifically related to self-organizing systems, may ultimately limit the efficacy of interventions that might stem from either behavioral systems or metacontingent analyses. Self-organizing systems, for example, construct their own boundaries and have much of their behavior determined by internal dynamics rather than external contingencies, potentially thwarting the effectiveness of designed interventions. Krispin (submitted for review) outlined necessary and sufficient conditions that have been defined for the emergence of self-organization and extrapolated them to cultural systems. The present paper first considers the impact that these conditions may have on the design of organizational interventions, and secondly highlights principles and criteria for increasing the effectiveness of such interventions through the application of these conditions, potentially leading to enhanced adaptive capabilities within organizations.
 
 

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