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Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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Ninth International Conference; Paris, France; 2017

Event Details

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Paper Session #80
Using Multielement Designs in Applied and Practical Settings
Wednesday, November 15, 2017
11:00 AM–11:20 AM
Scene DEF, Niveau 0
Area: PRA
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Chair: Marc J. Lanovaz (Université de Montréal)
Using Multielement Designs in Applied and Practical Settings: An Examination of False Outcomes
Domain: Service Delivery
MARC J. LANOVAZ (Université de Montréal), Mary Francis (Université de Montréal)
Abstract: Researchers and practitioners alike often use multielement designs in applied settings to examine the effects of variables or interventions on behavior. Although visual inspection is a hallmark of behavior analysis, our knowledge of the probability of reaching incorrect conclusions from data collected within multielement designs is limited. This issue is often a concern when sharing the results of multielement studies with practitioners and researchers from other professions who have mainly adopted inferential statistics to test their hypotheses. Thus, the purpose of the presentation is to address this issue by examining the probability of reaching false outcomes when adopting multielement designs. Our analyses are currently ongoing, but our preliminary findings indicate that having at least five data points within each condition provides adequate power (.80) and sufficient control over type I error rates (.05). The potential implications of these findings will be discussed in terms of applying structured criteria to render the analysis of the results of multielement designs more reliable.
 
 
 

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