Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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49th Annual Convention; Denver, CO; 2023

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Poster Session #206D
CSS Sunday Poster Session
Sunday, May 28, 2023
1:00 PM–3:00 PM
Convention Center, Exhibit Hall F
Chair: Lauren Diane Brown (University of Nevada, Reno)
72. Heed the Call: Systematic Review of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Literature in Behavior Analysis
Area: CSS; Domain: Theory
KELCIE E MCCAFFERTY (Florida Institute of Technology), Kaitlynn Gokey (Florida Institute of Technology), Rachael Tilka (Kalamazoo Community College)
Discussant: Jonathan Mark Hochmuth (CDC/NIOSH)
Abstract:

Empirical literature is the basis for providing information to the population about diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) topics. Recently, behavior analytic journals have seen more calls to action for additional experimental studies addressing DEI in practice (Conine et al., 2021). The present study is a systematic Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses (PRISMA) scoping review to identify DEI literature in the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, Behavior Analysis in Practice, Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, and Behavior and Social Issues. The current study identifies common terms that populate DEI literature, evaluates existing experimental DEI studies using What Works Clearinghouse Criteria (WWC), and delivers recommendations for what is needed to further DEI literature in behavior analysis. Preliminary results have identified overlapping technical Applied Behavior Analysis terminology with DEI terms and few experimental studies evaluating methods of increasing DEI in practice. Revising and clarifying terms can facilitate both research and dissemination of DEI studies. The authors will propose guidelines for selecting and using terminology for clear and precise communication of DEI versus other Applied Behavior Analysis topics.

 
73. The Effects of Immediate Visual Feedback on Average Speed Performance in Indoor Cycling
Area: CSS; Domain: Applied Research
BAILEY HANNAH BURK (Center for Behavior Analysis), Mary Kathryn Reagan (University of West Florida), Michelle Lambert (Center for Behavior Analysis; University of West Florida)
Discussant: Lauren Diane Brown (University of Nevada, Reno)
Abstract: Formative feedback has played a fundamental role for learners in successful skill acquisition (Fayyadh, et al., 2017). Many studies focused on the frequency and structure of performance feedback delivery, suggesting that real-time immediate feedback has the potential to lead to positive effects on learning (Fayyadh, et al., 2017). However, more recent studies have suggested that performance-linked visual feedback systems may slow response times during specific tasks, such as while maintaining required tempo and synchronization during metronome sequences (Chen, Repp, & Patel, 2022). This study focuses on the total presence or absence of immediate visual performance feedback and the impacts it has on individuals’ average revolutions per minute during an indoor cycling class. The purpose of the present investigation is to extend current research on performance outcomes by directly examining the effects of immediate visual performance feedback on average revolutions exercised per minute in a 45-minute indoor cycling class. It is predicted that classes taught with immediate visual performance feedback provided through a monitor screen will lead to lower overall average speed rates than classes taught while omitting total access to bike monitor functions during class.
 
75. Want to Get Healthier?: An Evaluation of Virtual Behavior Interventions on Increasing Healthy Lifestyle Choices
Area: CSS; Domain: Applied Research
Kristin McCoy (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology), LINDSAY M. KNAPP (Yellow Brick Academy), Julie A. Ackerlund Brandt (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology ), Robyn M. Catagnus (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology), Nick Green (BehaviorFit)
Discussant: Lauren Diane Brown (University of Nevada, Reno)
Abstract:

Overweight and obesity are health issues that have been a topic of both basic and applied research for over 50 years. There are a multitude of health conditions that are affected by the health choices. Unfortunately, millions of people across the world still make unhealthy choices, particularly when considering food choices. The industry for weight loss is astronomically large, yet overweight and obesity rates continue to rise despite the countless programs that promise results. Standard behavioral treatment for weight loss includes reduced caloric intake, increased physical exercise, and training in behavioral strategies. The types of behavior strategies used in research have included self-monitoring, cognitive restructuring, stimulus control, and goal setting, to name a few. Although a significant amount of research has been conducted to evaluate weight loss, the behavior strategies used to achieve weight loss goals are still unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of self-monitoring and virtual social interaction on weight loss and improved health outcomes.

 
76. A Behavioral Analytic Account of Highly Controlled Groups
Area: CSS; Domain: Theory
THEO FUENTES (University of Nevada, Reno), Ramona Houmanfar (University of Nevada, Reno)
Discussant: Jonathan Mark Hochmuth (CDC/NIOSH)
Abstract: Highly controlled groups (HCG) are known as “new religious movements,” “emergent religions,” and colloquially “cults.” HCGs have been a topic of interest and concern in many fields (sociology, social sciences, historians, religious studies, etc.), but they have not received adequate attention from behavior analysis. HCGs are more prevalent than known, as they generally keep off the radar until a crime surfaces. These organized groups have become especially relevant lately as polarization increases in many domains, such as politics and social issues. By drawing upon the mentioned literature, this presentation will provide a behavior scientific overview of a sample of HCGs and their practices. Our focus will expand beyond religious groups by providing the identifying characteristics of HCGs that differentiate them from other cultural groups. This analysis will provide the basis for a behavior scientific account of behavioral systemic contingencies that contribute to the development and sustainability of these cultural groups.
 
 

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