Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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45th Annual Convention; Chicago, IL; 2019

Event Details

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Symposium #209
CE Offered: BACB
Firearm Safety Training: Implications From Unintentional Discharges
Sunday, May 26, 2019
9:00 AM–9:50 AM
Hyatt Regency West, Ballroom Level, Toronto
Area: OBM/CSS; Domain: Applied Research
Chair: John O'Neill (Contextual Behavioral Science Institute)
Discussant: John O'Neill (Contextual Behavioral Science Institute)
CE Instructor: John O'Neill, Ph.D.
Abstract:

The purpose of this symposium is to (a) discuss the interdisciplinary literature on this topic, (b) merge and summarize the behavioral literature to provide a cohesive account, (c) analyze injuries in relation to antecedent classes and context, and (d) develop strategies, informed by a contextual behavioral taxonomy, for firearm safety training that might prevent unintentional discharges and associated injuries.

Instruction Level: Basic
Keyword(s): Firearm, Gun, Law Enforcement, Police
Target Audience:

Behavior Analysts interested in working with police or other law enforcement.

Learning Objectives: Attendees will learn about a behavioral interpretation of firearm safety. Attendees will how FBAs can be used in the context of firearm safety. Attendees will learn how to apply behavior analysis to firearm safety training.
 

Further Analysis of the Unintentional Discharge of Firearms in Law Enforcement

Dawn O'Neill (Contextual Behavioral Science Institute), JOHN O'NEILL (Contextual Behavioral Science Institute)
Abstract:

Empirical analysis of the contexts in which UDs occur in law enforcement have only recently begun to emerge. We analyzed a novel sample of UD reports (N = 171) that occurred between 1992-2016, collected from one non-U.S. and three U.S. law enforcement entities. Using an established antecedent-behavior-consequence (A-B-C) taxonomy, reports were analyzed by context, officer behavior, type of firearm, injuries, deaths, and property damages. This study is the first to empirically document reports of UDs caused by the startle response and the first to analyze a substantial sample of UDs that involved handguns with a double-action only trigger mechanism. An expanded analysis of UD consequences suggested that deaths and injuries might be more prevalent than previously reported.

 
Functional Behavior Assessment of the Unintentional Discharge of Firearms in Law Enforcement
JOHN O'NEILL (Contextual Behavioral Science Institute), Dawn O'Neill (Contextual Behavioral Science Institute)
Abstract: Unintentional discharge (UD) is a term used in law enforcement to distinguish between an unplanned gunshot and a planned gunshot, regardless of context. The purpose of this paper is to (a) discuss the interdisciplinary literature on this topic, (b) merge and summarize the behavioral literature to provide a cohesive account of the phenomenon, (c) analyze injuries in relation to antecedent classes and context, and (d) develop strategies for firearm safety training that might prevent UDs and associated injuries in law enforcement. We provide a contextual behavioral taxonomy through the identification of six distinct antecedent classes in which UD can be categorized: contact with objects, medical symptoms, muscle co-activations, routine tasks, startle stimuli, and unfamiliar tasks.
 

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