Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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45th Annual Convention; Chicago, IL; 2019

Event Details

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Symposium #26
Exploring the Role of Technology in Behavior Analysis
Saturday, May 25, 2019
10:00 AM–10:50 AM
Hyatt Regency East, Concourse Level, Michigan 1 A-C
Area: OBM/DDA; Domain: Applied Research
Chair: Michael Passage (Florida Institute of Technology)
Abstract: Since the inception of our field, technology has had a very prominent role in the way we gather and collect data and how we learn about behavior. Technology continues to evolve and behavior analysts must be able to keep up with not only the growing needs in our own field for mastering the technology presented to us now, but also the growing needs of our organizations and those we serve. This symposium will examine the role that technology currently plays in our field as well as what direction our field will have to go given the ever-expanding evolution of high-tech options to streamline our practices. The first presentation examines the need for standardization in the technology of graphic displays. The second presentation asked multiple stakeholders including staff, volunteers, advocates, and clients to rate their levels of concern about the privacy of individuals with disabilities when receiving services via smart homes. The final presentation examines the growing need for Organizational Behavior Management researchers to embrace the necessity of technology-based training and its rise across organizations.
Instruction Level: Basic
Keyword(s): standardization, technology, technology-based training, telecare
 

The Case for Standardized Technology of Graphic Displays

CHAD KINNEY (Florida Tech), Estefania Carla Alarcon Moya (Florida Institute of Technology)
Abstract:

The technology of graphic display (whether in paper format or electronic) is fundamental for communication in behavior analysis. It has been claimed in the past (and in recent studies) that a standardized display should be adopted because variety in graphing practices can introduce additional interpretation error and slow down communication. However, if given the same set of data, won’t behavior analysts (trained in the same techniques), graph it in the same way? If they do, then the call for standardization may be moot--at least within the field of behavior analysis. The current presentation will examine and interpret results from a non-experimental sample of graphic displays collected from an audience at an ABA professional conference. The audience was asked to graph the same set of 10 raw data entries, and a total of 42 graphs were submitted from audience members. This presentation will describe the submitted graphs as they relate to the argument for standardizing technology of graphic display.

 

A Survey Assessing Privacy Concerns of Smart-Home Services Provided to Individuals With Disabilities

DENYS BRAND (California State University, Sacramento), Florence D. DiGennaro Reed (University of Kansas), Mariah Morley (University of Kansas), Tyler Erath (University of Kansas), Matthew Novak (University of Kansas)
Abstract:

Privacy has been identified as a primary concern among stakeholders (service recipients, advocates, administrators, family) when using technology (e.g., video cameras, motion sensors, intercoms) to provide residential services to individuals in need. We conducted a study that distributed a survey to agencies that provide services (e.g., clinical; recreational) and resources (e.g., advocacy groups) to people with various types of disabilities (e.g., physical, sensory, intellectual, developmental) across the United States. The purpose of this study was to ask multiple stakeholders (i.e., staff, volunteers, advocates, clients) to rate their levels of concern about the privacy of individuals with disabilities when receiving services via smart homes. We analyzed the data for 209 respondents. The results for the survey lead to several recommendations about how smart-home service providers can use technology in a way that promotes client privacy, while maintaining safe and secure living conditions. In addition, we make a number of suggestions for how remote staff (i.e., individuals monitoring the information gathered by technology) can assist in the process of ensuring client privacy.

 
Technology-Based Training: An Opportunity for Organizational Behavior Management
DENNIS URIARTE (Florida Institute of Technology), Nicholas Weatherly (Florida Institute of Technology), Nicole Gravina (University of Florida), Katie Nicholson (Florida Institute of Technology), Mark T. Harvey (Florida Institute of Technology)
Abstract: Staff training continues to be of monumental importance across all organizations. Ineffective or poorly designed training can lead to low-quality performance due to a lack of proficiency or fluency with the tasks required to complete a job. More recently, staff training in organizations has continued to evolve by incorporating technology including distance training, video modeling, video feedback, computer-based instruction, virtual reality, and augmented reality. While Organizational Behavior Management (OBM), continues to publish research on training in general, the field has not kept up with the growing demand for technology-based training (TBT). Recent research in behavior analysis has evaluated the efficacy of different formats of TBT and demonstrates that behavior analysts are continuing to explore ways in improving training practices in organizations. Given their expertise in methods to improve training, OBM researchers can learn from the findings of research in TBT and expand upon the growing for its development and improvement.
 

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