Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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45th Annual Convention; Chicago, IL; 2019

Event Details

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Paper Session #195
Conceptual and Technical Issues in Instruction
Sunday, May 26, 2019
8:00 AM–9:50 AM
Hyatt Regency East, Lobby Level, Plaza Ballroom AB
Area: AUT
Instruction Level: Basic
Chair: James T. Todd (Eastern Michigan University)
 

Enhancing the Seven Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis With Deiter Rams's Ten Principles of Design

Domain: Service Delivery
JAMES T. TODD (Eastern Michigan University)
 
Abstract:

Applied behavior analysts base their programming on Baer, Wolf, and Risley's seven dimensions of applied behavior analysis, as described in their seminal 1968 paper in the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. These dimensions describe the necessary functional, ethical, and programmatic features of good applied behavioral work, emphasizing factors that will enhance its objectivity, applied focus, validity, generality, conceptual integrity, reproducibility, and demonstrated effectiveness. While programs that are consistent with the seven dimensions might be behavioral and at least potentially effective, they still might not be well designed in the broader sense of the word. That is, a program might "work," but nevertheless be disorganized, be hard for users and consumers to understand, be unnecessarily resource intensive, lack scaleability and extensibility, and present as generally unappealing to potential adopters. This paper will introduce behavior analysts to Dieter Rams's ten principles of good design, translate the principles into behavioral terms, and suggest ways their application might improve behavioral programming--even to the manner behavior analysts present their views and programs to others. Rams was the chief designer for Braun from 1961 to 1995, and brought a modern straightforward usability and aesthetic focus to its consumer products. He emphasized aspects of design such as clarity of purpose, innovation, simplicity, longevity, understandability, and thoroughness. This presentation will propose that we are no longer a niche discipline designing programs just for ourselves and a few selected clients, but an outwardly focused profession designing for general appreciation and adoption. Thus, considerations beyond those that ensure the conceptual and scientific integrity of our programs could enhance their broader adoption and desirability.

 

Teaching Tact Using Touch, Smell and Hearing Senses

Domain: Service Delivery
MARILU MICHELLY CRUZ DE BORBA (Integra Comportamental / University of North Texas), Ericka Vicente (Integra Comportamental), Roberta Proença (Universidade Federal do Pará / Integra Comportamental), Luanny Botelho (Universidade Federal do Pará / Integra Comportamental)
 
Abstract:

Although the Hyper or hyporeactivity to sensory input is present in Autism Spectrum Disorder, we have a lack of studies of teaching tacts using senses other than vision. This research taught a six-year-old boy with ASD to Tact stimulus by touch, smell or hear the stimuli. The procedure was with DTT and delay of verbal prompt. We used a voice recorder for the hearing trials, and during the smell and touch sessions, the child used a sleep mask and had contact just with the aroma, or shape and texture. The 45 targets were equally divided in the three categories: sounds (e.g., bird sound), smells (e.g., bacon), and objects (e.g., car toy). The session was composed of three groups of five goals in each category. The child learned to tact 73% of aromas, 93% of the object by touch and 93% of sounds. He tried to avoid some of the aroma presented and did not learn tacting these stimuli. We discuss that children can learn tacting stimuli with different sensory input and this can interfere how this child interacts with the environment in his routine.

 

CANCELED: A Comparison of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of Simultaneous Prompting Procedure and Antecedent Prompt Fading Procedure

Domain: Applied Research
SERIFE SAHIN (Anadolu University), Hatice Deniz Degirmenci (Anadolu University)
 
Abstract:

The simultaneous prompting procedure (SP) and the antecedent prompt fading procedure (APF) are two errorless teaching procedures. Research have shown that both procedures are effective in teaching new skills to individuals with disabilities. However, there is no studies comparing the differential effects of these procedures in teaching new skills to individual with disabilities. The present study is designed to compare the effectiveness and efficiency of these procedures in teaching young students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Three boys with ASD participated to this study whose ages range from 3,5 to 5 years old. An adapted alternating treatments design was used in the study used to compare the differential effects of these two procedures. Results indicated that APF was more effective than SP for two of the participants during acquisition. On the other hand, the SP is more effective than APF for promoting generalization. When the efficiencies of the interventions were compared, participants required equal number of teaching sessions. Furthermore, data suggested that SP resulted in more teaching errors. Results will be discussed and suggestions will be provided based on the findings.

 
Permission to Communicate: Prompt Maintained Errors in Skill Acqusition
Domain: Applied Research
KAYLA ANN MOORE (Firefly Autism), Ken Winn (Firefly Autism)
 
Abstract: Clients with ASD have shown prompt dependency issues, but little research has been done exploring prompts acting as reinforcers. By assessing for prompt-maintained behavior, research can show whether prompts positively reinforce errors in skill acquisition programing. This research project will look at a specific client who has shown prompt dependency when using FCT. By assessing if these prompts act as positive reinforcers, this study will delve deeper into understanding prompt dependency and the role it plays with skill acquisition programs for clients with ASD.
 
 

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