|CREATIVITY: Session 3|
|Sunday, May 26, 2019|
|5:00 PM–5:50 PM |
|Hyatt Regency East, Ballroom Level, Grand Ballroom CD North|
|Instruction Level: Intermediate|
|Chair: Douglas A. Johnson (Western Michigan University)|
|CE Instructor: Douglas A. Johnson, Ph.D.|
CREATIVITY: PORTL: A Lab for Teaching Students to Design Creative Behavioral Solutions
|JESUS ROSALES-RUIZ (University of North Texas)|
Jesús Rosales-Ruiz is an associate professor at the University of North Texas in the Department of Behavior Analysis. He obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Kansas in 1995, under the mentorship of two pioneers in the field of behavior analysis, Donald M. Baer and Ogden R. Lindsley. Jesús is one of the few scientists in the world studying animal training from both the theoretical and applied perspectives. He, along with his students, has greatly contributed to the understanding of the science and practice of animal training. Jesús also studies the antecedent control of behavior, generalization, behavioral cusps, fluency-based teaching, treatment of autism, teaching of academic behavior, rule-governed behavior and contingency-shaped behavior. He has served on several editorial boards, including the Journal of Precision Teaching, the European Journal of Behavior Analysis, and the International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy. He has also served as a reviewer for the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, the Journal of Neuroscience Methods, Behavioral Processes, and PLOS ONE. Jesús is a fellow of the Eastern Psychological Association, a trustee of the Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies and a member of the Association for Behavior Analysis International.
In addition to being able to follow existing protocols, students of behavior analysis should also be able to design solutions based on the needs of their learner. However, this requires students to both understand basic principles and to have a particular set of skills and tools. This presentation will introduce you to a tabletop teaching game called PORTL (the Portable Operant Research and Teaching Lab). PORTL provides a versatile environment where students can learn how to engineer creative solutions in the context of both designing teaching programs and designing research experiments. Students are taught a series of component skills which later can be built on and recombined when designing novel solutions to problems. This presentation will describe the curriculum that we use to teach these skills. As well, it will feature video examples of student products illustrating both teaching programs and research experiments.
CREATIVITY: A Behavior Analytic Account of "Creativity"
|DARLENE CRONE-TODD (Salem State University)|
|Darlene E. Crone-Todd is a Full Professor in Psychology at Salem State University. She designed and coordinates the graduate program in Behavior Analysis, and has presented in over 50 symposia at conferences worldwide, including time spent researching and presenting in Brazil. She has published research in peer-reviewed journals including, The Behavior Analyst Today, The Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, and Substance Use and Misuse. She is currently on the board of directors for the B. F. Skinner Foundation, and serves as the editor in chief for their publication, Operants. Dr. Crone-Todd earned her doctorate at the University of Manitoba, completed a post-doc at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Behavior Pharmacology. Her current research interests include human choice behavior, computer-mediated learning environments, higher-order thinking, and shaping behavior. Ongoing projects involve behavioral interventions related to wellness, and to facilitating student success.|
Creativity can be defined in many ways, including the extent to which behavior occurs under certain circumstances, results in desirable outcomes, and perhaps varies along one or more dimension of behavior. In this talk, a brief overview of the operant and respondent components of creativity will be discussed, including antecedent conditions, variations and coordination of behavior, and temporal aspects of consequences. Examples will be provided from art, literature, and other realms to provide a context for the audience to make contact with the analyses from a behavioral lens.
|Target Audience: |
Board certified behavior analysts; licensed psychologists; graduate students.
|Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of the presentation, participants will be able to: (1) describe the important variables of a Skinner box and how these relate to both PORTL and applied settings; (2) describe the PORTL reinforcement system; (3) describe component skills of shaping that can be practiced during PORTL; (4) describe how PORTL can be used to design teaching programs and conduct research; (5) define “creativity” in behavior analytic terms; (6) discuss how motivating operations are involved in creative behavior; (7) discuss how creative behavior is selected for by consequences; (8) discuss how creative behavior involves successively more complex behavioral repertoires.|