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Association for Behavior Analysis International

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43rd Annual Convention; Denver, CO; 2017

Event Details

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Symposium #47
CE Offered: BACB
Current Developments in Designing Interventions Related to Motivation and Cooperation in Organizations
Saturday, May 27, 2017
11:00 AM–11:50 AM
Hyatt Regency, Granite
Area: OBM/EAB; Domain: Basic Research
CE Instructor: Marianne L. Jackson, Ph.D.
Chair: Alison Szarko (University of Nevada, Reno)
Discussant: Marianne L. Jackson (California State University, Fresno)
Abstract: The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) is a relatively new behavioral assessment tool that was introduced into the literature by Barnes-Holmes, et al. in 2006. It is a computer task that taps into a learner’s relational responding history by pitting established verbal relations against those that are deemed inconsistent with that history of responding (Dymond & Roche, 2013). Since its fruition, researchers have been interested in understanding its predictive utility, given the implications it may have for behavior scientists to produce more sophisticated applied technologies to meet the demands pertaining to complex organizational interventions. This symposium will provide a comprehensive literature review on the IRAP and its variations, as well as, provide an overview of recent developments in research supporting its utility in designing organizational interventions.
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Keyword(s): cooperation, implicit responding, motivation, organizational interventions
The Implicit Relational Assessment: A Historical Overview
KENNETH BURLEIGH (University of Nevada, Reno), Ramona Houmanfar (University of Nevada, Reno), Elizabeth Ghezzi (University of Nevada, Reno), Alison Szarko (University of Nevada, Reno), Gregory Scott Smith (Chrysalis, Inc.; University of Nevada, Reno School of Medicine)
Abstract: Given recent social and economic concerns about how biases impact the culture at large (Wells Fargo, Presidential election, Black Lives Matter, etc.), behavior analysts seek effective ways to identify and address implicit biases through behavioral assessments and interventions. In 1998, the Implicit Attitudes Test (IAT) was designed to study implicit attitudes via response latency by "...assessing attitudes or beliefs that are easily hidden when explicit measures are employed... (Dermot Barnes-Holmes , 2006)." However, the IAT has focused on explaining its results via associative learning processes and provides minimal insight on the relational responding process from modern behaviorist perspective. The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) was designed as a means of providing behavior scientist with a tool that is rooted in modern behavioral theory. Since the creation of the IRAP, other variations have been brought into the behavior analytic literature (i.e. the MT-IRAP). This paper will provide a comprehensive literature review on the IRAP and its several iterations to date.
Cooperation and Conformity: Exploring the Predictive Utility of the Implicit Behavioral Assessment as a Tool to Guide Organizational Interventions
ELIZABETH GHEZZI (University of Nevada, Reno), Ramona Houmanfar (University of Nevada, Reno), Alison Szarko (University of Nevada, Reno), Kenneth Burleigh (University of Nevada, Reno), Gregory Scott Smith (Chrysalis, Inc.; University of Nevada, Reno School of Medicine)
Abstract: Relationships among stimuli are regarded as implicit behaviors when are measured with respect to faster response latencies and more accurate responses, or brief and immediate relational responding (BIRRs). This paper will address the predictive utility of a modified IRAP to increase cooperation in a simulated work task. Various classes of cooperative, individual, and conformity stimuli were assessed to determine if they had an augmenting function on cooperative responding. The coherence between implicit responding, as demonstrated in the modified IRAP, and explicit responding, as demonstrated in the simulated work task will be discussed.
 

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