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43rd Annual Convention; Denver, CO; 2017

Workshop Details

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Workshop #W77
CE Offered: PSY/BACB
Schedule-Induced Behaviors: Origins of Excessive Behaviors and Procedures to Minimize Their Influence
Friday, May 26, 2017
4:00 PM–7:00 PM
Hyatt Regency, Capitol Ballroom 7
Area: EAB/CBM; Domain: Basic Research
CE Instructor: Jeff Kupfer, Ph.D.
JEFF KUPFER (Learning Services Neurobehavioral Institute - West; Imagine Behavioral Health Services; Jeff Kupfer, PA), RONALD F. ALLEN (Simmons College)
Description: Adjunctive or schedule-induced behaviors (sometimes maladaptive and always excessive) are behaviors that are maintained at a high probability by stimuli that derive their reinforcing properties as a function of parameters governing the availability of some other class of reinforcement. In non-human subjects, some schedules of reinforcement have been shown to generate strange behaviors such as: polydipsia, attack against members of its own species, self-induced escape, pica, and hyperactivity; In human subjects, these same schedules can exaggerate behaviors such as fluid intake, aggression, pacing, grooming, eating, stereotyped behavior, smoking and, quite possibly-- wretched excess. This presentation is an introduction to schedule-induced behaviors. A videotape will be shown demonstrating various types of schedule-induced behaviors in a rat and pigeon. Studies describing functional relationships with reinforcement schedules and generator schedules (i.e., schedules that promote schedule-induced behaviors) will be reviewed, as well as functional assessment and measurement strategies. Alternative reinforcement strategies in applied settings will be reviewed and case studies will be presented comparing fixed- vs. variable-DRO schedules.
Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of the workshop, participants will be able to: (1) define schedule-induced behavior and give examples; (2) describe the function(s) relating levels of schedule-induced to rate of reinforcement, as well as other controlling variables for schedule-induced responding; (3) complete assessment materials for schedule-induced responding; (4) describe manipulations determined to reduce levels of schedule-induced behavior.
Activities: Small group breakout
Audience: Advanced
Content Area: Theory
Instruction Level: Advanced



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