Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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45th Annual Convention; Chicago, IL; 2019

Event Details

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Symposium #313
CE Offered: BACB
Extending the Reach of Behavior Analysis
Sunday, May 26, 2019
3:00 PM–4:50 PM
Hyatt Regency West, Ballroom Level, Regency Ballroom A
Area: OBM/TBA; Domain: Translational
Chair: Ellie Kazemi (California State University, Northridge)
Discussant: Patrick C. Friman (Boys Town)
CE Instructor: Ellie Kazemi, Ph.D.
Abstract: In this symposium, we will discuss applications of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) beyond treatment for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The first paper focuses on a proposed method of training conflict resolution skills to behavior analysts using a decision-making tree and corresponding behavior measurement tool. The second paper includes results of a recent survey distributed to fire safety trainers and the collaborative development of a behavioral tool to be utilized by trainers teaching fire prevention in the community. The third paper disseminates the effectiveness of ABA for both skill acquisition and problem behavior reduction for children who do not have a diagnosis of ASD. The final paper outlines the effects of a behavior analytic intervention in a classroom with typically developing students. Our discussant will conclude with further discussion of these findings and the importance of extending the reach of behavior analysis.
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Keyword(s): Beyond Autism, Conflict Resolution, Fire Safety, Typically Developing
Target Audience: The target audience are Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBAs), behavior analysts in training, or individuals interested in application of behavior analytic principles to populations outside of those with a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Learning Objectives: 1) Attendees will identify the impact of workplace conflict on behavior analysts and the utility of a decision-making tree in resolving conflict. 2) Attendees will identify the benefits of the application of behavioral measurement tools in community safety trainings. 3) Attendees will identify potential application of behavior analytic interventions with children who are typically developing or have a diagnosis other than Autism Spectrum Disorder.
 
Conflict Resolution Training for Behavior Analysts
(Applied Research)
CHELSEA M CARTER (California State University, Northridge ), Ellie Kazemi (California State University, Northridge), Ryan Moradpour (California State University, Northridge), Shelby Jones (California State University, Northridge )
Abstract: Recently, we distributed a nation-wide survey and found that unresolved workplace conflict was associated with turnover, lost cases, and decreased job satisfaction for Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBAs) who participated. Training BCBAs to resolve workplace conflict may mitigate these adverse effects. However, there is currently no evidence-based conflict resolution training available to BCBAs, and existing models of conflict resolution often lack specific performance measures or decision-making criteria for resolving conflict. Therefore, we propose a behavior analytic approach to teaching conflict resolution skills using a decision-making tree. In this presentation, we will summarize common components of conflict resolution in existing literature we used to develop our decision-making tree and discuss how they can be incorporated into behavior skills training for practitioners. We will share our proposed 5-step decision tree and the results of our pilot trainings.
 
Extending the Reach of Behavior Analysis to Fire Safety Training
(Applied Research)
ADISA PTAH (California State University, Northridge), Ellie Kazemi (California State University, Northridge), Andrew Ainsworth (California State University, Northridge ), Jennifer Radics-Johnson (Alisa Ann Ruch Burn Foundation ), Daniel Chacon (Alisa Ann Ruch Burn Foundation ), Ed Comeau (Writer-Tech), Coral Florian (California State University, Northridge)
Abstract: According to the National Fire Protection Association, there are over 3,000 fire and burn-related deaths every year. Fire Departments and Burn Foundations provide community trainings for fire prevention and to increase the public’s skills for safe emergency responding. In this Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) funded project, our goal is to develop behavior measurement tools to help community trainers assess the impact of their training on the performance of their trainees. We surveyed 135 experts in fire and burn education and asked them about their current training procedures for fire escape planning, smoke alarm education, burn care, and burn prevention education. We learned that majority of these respondents evaluate the effectiveness of fire safety and burn education by the number of participants who attended their education program. We then conducted phone interviews with 14 of the respondents who had indicated that they assess behavior change after their trainings. Through the interviews and focus group discussions, we found that there is a high demand for behavior measures that capture emergency response skills of trainees. We will discuss the results of the survey, interviews, and the focus group meeting and end by showing the performance monitoring tool we have developed collaboratively.
 
Beyond Autism: Disseminating Applied Behavior Analysis Across a Variety of Populations and Presenting Problems
(Applied Research)
MEGAN MICHELLE ST. CLAIR (Halo Behavioral Health), Lauri Simchoni (BCBA), Bryan Burra (Halo Behavioral Health), Jonathan J. Tarbox (University of Southern California; FirstSteps for Kids)
Abstract: Numerous research studies have been dedicated to evaluating the effectiveness of applied behavior analytic (ABA) treatment in problem behavior reduction and skill acquisition with individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). However, research studies dedicated to evaluating the efficacy of the dissemination of ABA across a variety of differing populations and presenting problems, beyond ASD, is limited and warrants further investigation. Therefore, the purpose of this pilot program evaluation is to analyze the effects of traditional ABA treatment on the total percentage decrease in problem behavior and percentage increase in skill acquisition, across individuals with various clinical diagnoses to no diagnosis at all. The outcome data for three children, ranging in age from 6 to 10 years, is included. Results of this pilot program evaluation preliminarily indicates that ABA treatment is effective and efficient in decreasing problem behavior and increasing skills beyond individuals with ASD.
 

Wait! You Want Me to Not Listen to the Teacher?: Evaluating the Effects of Augmental Values on the Establishment and Reversal of Instructional Control

(Applied Research)
SHARI DAISY (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, Los Angeles), Eric Carlson (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, Los Angeles ), Jonathan J. Tarbox (University of Southern California; FirstSteps for Kids)
Abstract:

The current study evaluated whether instructional control over learning readiness behavior could be established and reversed as a result of trained augmentals. Six typically developing second grade students participated in the study. First, coordination relations were trained and tested for a network of learning readiness behavior. High value, minimal value, and negative value augmentals were then established for two arbitrary stimuli. Instructional control tests with trained augmentals in place resulted in rapid control over student responding under the negative value augmental condition with varied responding under the high and minimal value augmental conditions.

 

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