Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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45th Annual Convention; Chicago, IL; 2019

Event Details

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Symposium #406
CE Offered: BACB
Applied Behavior Analysis in Sports: Evaluating Successful Applications and Assessments Across Sports
Monday, May 27, 2019
8:00 AM–8:50 AM
Swissôtel, Event Center Second Floor, Vevey 1/2
Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research
Chair: Jesse DePaolo (University of South Florida)
CE Instructor: Jesse DePaolo, M.A.
Abstract:

This symposium will consist of three papers related to sports assesments and research. The first paper, by Schenk and Miltenberger, discuss the effects of video self-evaluation and video feedback on golf performance. Specifically, the improvement of the golfer’s long-iron swing. The second paper, by Greenberg and Crosland, discuss the use of a video feedback procedure, using the Dartfish application, to increase figure skaters’ performance on six established figure skating moves. Lastly, DePaolo et al. discuss the development and implementation of a sports based performance diagnostic checklist, based off of previously designed PBM PDC’s (Austin 2000 & Martinez-Onstott et al. 2016). The golf and figure skating papers discuss and demonstrate the effectiveness of ABA in sports, while the Sports PDC discusses the importance of working with the coaches and athlete’s prior to intervention and having them be part of the process to choose what behavior(s) to study and what intervention(s) to implement.

Instruction Level: Basic
Target Audience:

The target audience for this presentation are researchers interested in disseminating behavior analysis. Specifically, those studying, or interested in studying, sports, fitness, and athletics. Also, those interested in the proper use of video feedback and assessment tools.

Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of the presentation, participants will be able to identify interventions to increase performance. At the conclusion of the presentation, participants will be able to compare the benefits of video self-evaluation and video feedback. At the conclusion of the presentation, participants will be able to demonstrate proper use of an assessment tool to help determine what athletic behavior(s) to intervene on.
 
Evaluating Video Self-Evaluation and Video Feedback to Improve Swing Form in Golf
MERRITT SCHENK (University of South Florida), Raymond G. Miltenberger (University of South Florida)
Abstract: The use of video technologies to improve sports performance has been common practice for some time and is gaining popularity. However, there are still questions as to which component, or components, of the video technology can be used to most efficiently improve performance. Multiple studies have shown that video feedback is a very effective procedure. However, golf is an individualized sport, and, therefore, the use of video feedback introduces several variables that would not usually be present when a golfer is practicing, most notably is the presence of an experimenter. Thus, we evaluated video self-evaluation versus video feedback to improve long-iron swing form for 4 to 5 golfers. Overall, we found that video self-evaluation can be useful for some individuals. However, video feedback appears to be the most effective procedure for most participants. The procedures, results, and implications of this study will be discussed, as well as ideas for future research.
 
Using Video Feedback to Increase Figure Skaters’ Performance
Lori Greenberg (University of South Florida), KIMBERLY CROSLAND (University of South Florida)
Abstract: Figure skating is a competitive sport that requires intensive training which can be taught in a variety of settings. There are various methods to teaching figure skaters new skills such as positive and corrective feedback, modeling and coaching procedures, and physical guidance. These different approaches may lead to a lack of consistency among coaches. Over the years, these established coaching strategies have not changed substantially as training methods are passed down from coach to student. Skaters may progress more quickly in skill development if coaches are implementing empirically based successful coaching methods. These teaching approaches may also be enhanced by incorporating the latest technology available. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a video feedback coaching procedure using the Dartfish application. A multiple baseline design was utilized to document the impact of this video feedback coaching procedure on the demonstration of six established figure skating moves, three moves for one skater and three different moves for two other skaters. Results showed utilizing video feedback improved figure skater’s performance levels on the targeted moves to an acquisition of 80% accuracy or higher.
 
Sports Based PDC: Assessing What Behaviors to Study and How to Intervene
JESSE DEPAOLO (University of South Florida), Kimberly Crosland (University of South Florida), Nicole Gravina (University of Florida)
Abstract: This paper discusses a sports assessment tool, based off of the Performance Diagnostic Checklist (Austin, 2000). This tool can be used by coaches and athletes and has two main goals. First, to ensure that the behavior of interest is of social significance. Researchers often approach coaches with an idea on what behavior to study and are not necessarily considering the importance of this behavior on the team beforehand. This tool allows for coaches and players to determine if the behavior is of social significance to their performance. The second goal is to bridge any gaps between coach’s and player’s perspectives on the behavior of interest. Coaches often tell researchers that players are ‘choosing’ not to perform the behavior. Interventions are then based around increasing behavior. However, sometimes players don’t know how to perform the behavior and the intervention needs to focus on teaching the skill, before increasing frequency. Though this paper is conceptual, it ties into the other papers in this symposium by acknowledging that sports research works, and it is something that people are interested in. However, the current way researchers are determining what behaviors to study may not be ideal and this paper discusses a possible solution.
 

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