|Applications of Applied Behavior Analysis to Health and Physical Fitness
|Saturday, May 25, 2019
|11:00 AM–11:50 AM
|Swissôtel, Event Center Second Floor, Vevey 3/4
|Area: CBM/CSS; Domain: Service Delivery
|Chair: Erin Lusby-Donovan (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology)
|CE Instructor: James Moore, Ph.D.
|Abstract: Research has demonstrated the potential of applying behavior principles into health and physical fitness in many different ways (Allison and Allyon, 1980; Luiselli, Woods, & Reed, 2011). Further behavior analytic research should be conducted to assess effectiveness, accessibility, and satisfaction in human performance interventions (Luiselli, Woods, & Reed). Almost 40 years ago, Allison and Allyon (1980) asserted that “exploratory research in the area of the application of behavioral procedures to sport and physical education has been scarce.” Although the application of behavioral procedures to sports has increased over the decades, the specific use of behavioral procedures to improve a variety of skills and safety remains scarce. This symposium will present three novel applications of behavior analysis to various issues in health and physical fitness.
|Instruction Level: Intermediate
|Keyword(s): health, physical fitness, sports
|Target Audience: Behavior Analysts, graduate students, academic faculty
|Learning Objectives: 1. Participants will review past applications of behavior analysis to health and physical fitness
2. Participants will learn new applications of behavior analysis to health and physical fitness, such as weightlifting and soccer.
2. Participants will discuss implications to further expanding the role of behavior analysis in health and physical fitness.
|Comparing Forward and Backward Chaining in Teaching Olympic Weightlifting
|James Moore (Canopy Children's Solutions), BREANNA NEWBORNE (Canopy Children's Solutions), Laura Quintero (Mississippi State University)
|Abstract: The popularity of Olympic-style weightlifting in fitness routines is growing, but participating in these exercises with improper technique places lifters at increased risk for injury. Fitness training professionals have developed multiple teaching strategies, but have not subjected these strategies to systematic evaluation, particularly with novice lifters. Two strategies recommended by professional training organizations are akin to forward and backward chaining, which have been shown effective at teaching other novel, complex behaviors. The present study compared these forward- and backward-chaining-like strategies to teach novice lifters “the clean” and “the snatch,” two Olympic weightlifting movements frequently incorporated into high-intensity training programs. Participants performed lifts taught with forward chaining more accurately than lifts taught with backward chaining.
|Reducing Risk of Head Injury in Youth Soccer: An Extension of Behavioral Skills Training for Heading
|LAURA QUINTERO (Mississippi State University), James Moore (Canopy Children's Solutions)
|Abstract: Recently, concerns regarding sport-related concussions have increased within the research literature, the media, and popular culture. One source of potential soccer-related concussions involved the purposeful striking of the ball with one’s head (i.e. heading). There is currently limited research on an effective teaching method to improve safe heading technique. In the current student, Behavior Skills Training was evaluated as a method to teach correct heading techniques to youth soccer players. Results indicated that BST increased the percentage of correct steps for each player based on a task analysis of heading. Based on social validity questionnaires administered to players and the coach, BST was rated as an acceptable form of training. After the final training session, experienced coaches evaluated video recordings of baseline and training sessions for each player and rated each player as having improved from baseline to training.
The Effects of Self-Monitoring, Peer-Monitoring, and Peer Yoked Contingency on Physical Activity in Adults
|AMANDA M AUSTIN (ARROW Health and Wellness), Erin Lusby-Donovan (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology), Jennifer Weber (Teachers College, Columbia University)
Physical activity is one of the most critical actions Americans can take to improve overall health. Despite the wide range of health benefits physical activity can provide, it is estimated that more than 60% of U.S. adults do not reach the recommended amount of weekly physical activity and 25% do not engage in any physical activity. Effective intervention is needed to increase physical activity in U.S. adults. This study examines the effects of self-monitoring, peer-monitoring, and peer yoked contingency on physical activity in adults. The study is currently in progress and results have not been determined at this time.