Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


11th International Conference; Dublin, Ireland; 2022

Event Details

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Paper Session #31
Feeding Treatments
Friday, September 2, 2022
11:30 AM–12:20 PM
Meeting Level 2; Wicklow Hall 2B
Area: AUT
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Chair: Jonathan W. Ivy (The Pennsylvania State University - Harrisburg )
A Conceptual Analysis and Literature Review of Modeling to Improve Food Consumption
Domain: Theory
JONATHAN W. IVY (The Pennsylvania State University - Harrisburg ), Keith Williams (Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center)
Abstract: Modeling is commonly used to teach functional skills and is often assumed to play an important role in the natural development of functional repertoires, including mealtime behavior. For example, a young child may observe a parent or peer eating and enjoying a novel food; the observation of this event has been purported to increase the likelihood of imitation. Despite the prevalence and reliance of modeling in applied clinical practice, the behavioral mechanisms of have not been thoroughly evaluated and are often obscured by the clinical intent of the practitioner. Modeling, for example, is used in clinical practice to set the occasion for both novel and already learned behaviors (e.g., model prompt); these two examples of “modeling”, however, operate via different behavioral mechanisms. The purpose of this presentation is twofold: First, to provide a conceptual framework for modeling, grounded in behavioral learning theory. Second, in the context of a conceptual framework, review modeling literature that attempts to improve food consumption. Implications for theory, practice, and research will be discussed.
Social Validity in Paediatric Feeding Treatment
Domain: Applied Research
TESSA CHRISTINE TAYLOR (Paediatric Feeding International; University of Canterbury), Sarah Leadley (University of Auckland)
Abstract: Social validity is a critical issue, especially in paediatric feeding intervention; however, research is lacking despite being a frequent topic. We present a series of studies involving children in home-based, behaviour-analytic, intensive paediatric feeding treatment programmes. We present a novel methodology of assessment development in which caregivers provide input on what they feel is most important to assess. This caregiver-informed approach involves both qualitative and quantitative analyses applicable for use in a wide variety of populations and areas in applied behaviour analysis. We also present a retrospective examination of caregiver satisfaction and treatment acceptability across child characteristics and goals, treatment procedures, and treatment outcome data. Caregiver ratings were high across all variables. Finally, we present an analysis of social validity for the full range of treatment components separately both before and after intervention. We included assessment of the treatment goals, family culture, and balance between time to effect and minimising side effects. Ratings were mostly high and increased over time. Some procedures purported as less intrusive were rated lowest. Collectively, paediatric feeding interventions are rated high in social validity by caregivers, and are highly effective. Much further data-based research into social validity in paediatric feeding intervention is needed.



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