Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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46th Annual Convention; Washington DC; 2020

Event Details


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Symposium #139
CE Offered: BACB
Applications of Derived Relational Responding in Diverse Contexts
Saturday, May 23, 2020
4:00 PM–4:50 PM
Walter E. Washington Convention Center, Level 1, Salon I
Area: VRB/PCH; Domain: Translational
Chair: Alexander Jenkins (Southern Illinois University-Carbondale)
Discussant: Timothy M. Weil (Tandem Behavioral Health & Wellness)
CE Instructor: Alexander Jenkins, Ph.D.
Abstract:

A wealth of empirical support exists for applications of derived relational responding (DRR) in diverse contexts. To date, however, limited research exists around the ways in which DRR fits into the societally-significant domain of gambling and monetary exchange. To that end, the present symposium seeks to explore how our own verbal behavior may come to occasion different patterns of gambling behavior, and shift preference as a function. Further, we aim to add to the growing body of literature around DRR by investigating monetary exchange via observational learning

Instruction Level: Intermediate
Keyword(s): DRR, Gambling, RFT
Target Audience:

intermediate

Learning Objectives: attendees will learn how to conceptualize derived relational responding in the context of gambling attendees will learn how observational learning may give rise to derived relational responding attendees will be able to describe the overarching nature of derived relational responding to less explored contexts and the way(s) in which verbal behavior interacts with other forms of behavior
 

Establishing Derived Equivalence Relations of Monetary Exchange via Observational Learning With Individuals With Autism

(Applied Research)
KWADWO O. BRITWUM (Southern Illinois University), Mark R. Dixon (Southern Illinois University), Anne Sheerin (Southern Illinois University)
Abstract:

The present study investigated whether two adults with Autism will demonstrate equivalence relations after observing each other demonstrate specific prerequisite conditional discriminations. Participants were taught in group context to perform relations between objects of particular value and a combination of dollar bills and coins equal to the value of the object (A1234B1234). Afterwards, participants were taught in the same group context to perform relations between combinations of money equal to the value of the objects (B), and a separate combination of dollar bills and coins that is equal to the value of B (B1234C1234). Each participant was trained on two separate class members while the other participant observed, (a) participant 1 (class members 1 &2), (b) participant 2 (class members 3&4). Post training probes revealed the emergence of equivalence relations between combinations of money and particular objects for all stimulus classes involved in direct training with each participant. Results provide some implications for the use of equivalence-based instructional programs with individuals with Autism in group context.

 
Verbal Behavior and Derived Preference in Gambling Tasks
(Applied Research)
LINDA MUCKEY (Southern Illinois University), Alexander Jenkins (Southern Illinois University-Carbondale), Benjamin Camp (Southern Illinois University-Carbondale), Dejan Milic (Southern Illinois University-Carbondale), Mark R. Dixon (Southern Illinois University)
Abstract: The following series of experimental manipulations examines the emergence of derived relational responding in a simulated gambling environment. Prior to undergoing any relational training or other procedures, participants’ responses in a conditional discrimination procedure under several contextual stimuli (different colored backgrounds) were probed. Each of the four colored backgrounds were presented in randomized order with three stimuli presented inside the colored box. No feedback was provided. Participants then completed one 20-trial preference assessment comparing red and blue background slot machines and one 20-trial preference assessment comparing green and yellow background slot machines. Following preference assessments, participants underwent a three-phase conditional discrimination procedure. Participants were initially trained on the relational response of selecting the highest or best stimulus (1st place, $100, quarter) in the array in the context of the BLUE background. Feedback was provided in the form of awarding one point and a correct bell noise following the response. Mastery criterion was considered to be selecting the correct stimulus 10 times consecutively. Following training in BLUE context, selecting the lowest or worst stimulus (4th place, one dollar, penny) was reinforced in the RED context. Selecting the third best (3rd place, nickel, five dollar) stimulus was reinforced in the context of the GREEN background. No training was conducted for the YELLOW context. Responses in the YELLOW context were only probed before and after training. Participants responding towards each machine in the preference assessment was compared before and after relational training. All slot machines were on similar payout densities and reinforcement schedules. Results and implications will be discussed.
 

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