Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


48th Annual Convention; Boston, MA; 2022

Event Details

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Paper Session #443
CE Offered: BACB
Stimulus Equivalence With Mixed-Compound Consequences: A Translational Analysis With Theoretical and Applied Implications
Monday, May 30, 2022
9:30 AM–9:55 AM
Meeting Level 1; Room 153A
Area: EAB
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Chair: Richelle Elizabeth Hurtado (University of North Carolina Wilmington)
CE Instructor: Richelle Elizabeth Hurtado, Ph.D.

Stimulus Equivalence With Mixed-Compound Consequences: A Translational Analysis With Theoretical and Applied Implications

Domain: Basic Research
RICHELLE ELIZABETH HURTADO (University of North Carolina Wilmington), Carol Pilgrim (University of North Carolina Wilmington)

In this translational study, three integrated experiments analyzed the impact of mixed-compound-consequences on equivalence-class formation. Experiment 1 compared simple-discrimination training with class-specific-compound-consequences (CSCC; A/B1→R1r1, A/B2→R2r2, A/B3→R3r3) and with mixed-compound-consequences (MCC; one class-specific element and one common across discriminations; A/B4→R0r4, A/B5→R0r5, A/B6→R0r6) with nine 6-8-year-old children. Conditional discrimination probes assessed emergent relations between A/B/R/r stimuli. When CSCC training occurred first, equivalence-class formation was demonstrated in both conditions. However, when MCC training occurred first, participants either demonstrated chance responding or emergent stimulus-reinforcer relations, without AB/BA relations. Equivalence classes were evidenced in the subsequent CSCC condition, but not always when the MCC condition was repeated. In Experiment 2, six college participants demonstrated class formation after either CSCC or MCC training. In Experiment 3, nine college students received CSCC or MCC training, but only emergent AB/BA relations were tested. Half of the participants trained first with MCCs demonstrated no emergence for any condition. These results demonstrate that a common element within a compound stimulus can hinder emergence, perhaps paralleling some instructive feedback applications. Findings also suggest that specific training and testing arrangements facilitate independent control by the separate elements of compound consequences, promoting class formation and extending both theoretical analyses and applications of equivalence.

Target Audience:

Current graduate students, practitioners in applied settings, and those who have a basic understanding of the mathematical properties of stimulus equivalence.

Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of the presentation, participants will be able to: (1) identify a mixed-compound consequence; (2) provide an example regarding how instructive feedback procedures are related to mixed-compound consequences; (3) explain how initial training with mixed-compound consequences impacts performance on emergent relations.



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