Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


48th Annual Convention; Boston, MA; 2022

Event Details

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Poster Session #274
CBM Sunday Poster Session: Odd-Numbered Posters
Sunday, May 29, 2022
1:00 PM–2:00 PM
Exhibit Level; Exhibit Hall A
Chair: Anneka Hofschneider (Centre for Neuro Skills)
73. A Brief Zoom-Facilitated Mindful and Intuitive Eating Intervention to Decrease Disordered Eating
Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research
ANGELICA A. AGUIRRE (Minnesota State University, Mankato), Jenna Anderson (Minnesota State University, Mankato), Danielle Curtis (Minnesota State University, Mankato)
Discussant: Anneka Hofschneider (Centre for Neuro Skills)
Abstract: Clinical eating disorders are psychological disorders that impact a small percentage of the population. Subclinical disordered eating is a broader term for eating patterns and behaviors that do not meet clinical threshold, but that still may be life impairing (Burnette & Mazzeo, 2020). Subclinical disordered eating impacts many more individuals than clinical eating disorders do and is often present without the direct awareness of the people affected by it. Mindful and intuitive eating approaches have recently begun to emerge as combined and stand-alone treatments for disordered eating and eating disorders. The current study used an online mindful and intuitive eating intervention to bring about awareness of these concepts and combat disordered eating in lay adults through the use of simple workbooks (Albers, 2018; Resch, 2019). The goals were to increase education and decrease overall disordered eating. The authors found that disordered eating did decrease, mindful and intuitive eating increased, and general mindfulness improved across the duration of the study. While the hypotheses were partially supported, only the results for disordered eating and intuitive eating were significant. Despite lack of power due to small sample size and some insignificant results, participants verbally reported approval of the benefits of the intervention.
75. A Preliminary Functional Assessment of Video Game Use
Area: CBM; Domain: Basic Research
EZEKIEL TORRES (California State University East Bay ), Elizabeth Kyonka (California State University - East Bay)
Discussant: Anneka Hofschneider (Centre for Neuro Skills)
Abstract: We developed and piloted a self-report assessment for positive and negative reinforcement that sustains a person’s video game use. The pilot questionnaire consisted of five questions associated with each of six functions which are tangible positive reinforcement, sensory, attention, and negative reinforcement in the form of escape from demand, social consequences, or private events. Thirty-one psychology undergraduate students answered each question on a Likert frequency scale with 7 options (never-always). They also answered other questions about gaming and internet use. Students’ estimates of time spent gaming ranged from 0 to 56 hours per week (M = 9.1 hours, SD = 11.8 hours). Overall scores on the video game consequences questionnaire were correlated with time spent gaming (r = .69, p < .001), and scores on a measure assessing gaming dependence (r = .61, p < .001), but not with consequences maintaining internet use (r = .05, p = .79), or internet addiction (r = .11, p = .56), which suggests that online gaming and internet use are functionally distinct response classes. Subscale means were highest for positive reinforcement from attention and sensory reinforcement. They were lowest for tangible reinforcement and escape from offline social interaction. The pattern of subscale scores indicates that psychology students’ gaming is typically maintained by positive reinforcement, but not financial gain. Comparing response patterns of treatment-seeking problem gamers, recreational gamers and non-gamers could provide insight as to reasons people want to change their video game use.
77. The Evolution of Verbal Behavior Trough 10 Years of Clinical Experience
Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research
GLADIS LEE PEREIRA (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid), Jesús Alonso-Vega (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid), Concepcion Serrador Diez (Universidad de Guadalajara, CEIC), Alberto Sánchez (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid), María Xesús Froxán-Parga (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)
Discussant: Anneka Hofschneider (Centre for Neuro Skills)
Abstract: Introduction: Why do some clinical psychologists achieve consistently excellent results? To analyze it, normally clinical research study how therapist’s personal variables correlate with yielded outcomes. However, this research neglects the interaction between psychologists and clients, studying who therapists are rather than what they do. Objective: The goal of this study is to find behavioral patterns related to a highly effective therapist, considering both therapists and clients. Method: Two single case studies were conducted from the same therapist within a gap of 10 years. The clients’ goals were the same: to improve work environment and self-steam. After a two-month follow-up, both cases were highly effective. The data was collected through observational methodology and the independent and dependent variables are therapist and clients’ verbal behavior respectively. Results: The data shows a similar pattern between therapist’s and client’s verbal behavior in both cases, except when the clients’ behavior drift away from therapeutic goals (Figure 1). Conclusions: It seems that the interaction pattern fits more properly the idiographic nature of therapy than isolated therapist measures. Specifically, the pattern founded repeats regardless the years of experience or case type, matching specifically when the clients’ behaviors are evolving towards the therapeutic goals.
79. Evaluating the role of context in the production of tic behaviors
Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research
EMILY POGUE (Kennedy Krieger Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine), Matthew L. Edelstein (Kennedy Krieger Institute)
Discussant: Anneka Hofschneider (Centre for Neuro Skills)
Abstract: Tic disorders are a class of responses assumed to be neurobiological in origin and maintained by automatic negative reinforcement. While tics may emerge from automatic contingencies, research has shown that tic expression can also be influenced by socially mediated variables such as attention and escape from aversive situations. The assessment of tic disorders typically includes the use of semi-structured interviews to provide symptom information, however, these indirect methods of assessment fail to evaluate contextual variables systematically. Procedures consistent with functional analysis (FA) are well-suited to identify social contingencies for tics and develop function-based treatments. The current literature on interventions for tic disorders contains little about FA procedures. The current procedures were designed to assess social variables hypothesized to evoke and maintain the vocal tics in an 8-year-old boy presenting for treatment at an outpatient behavior clinic. Assessment was followed by implementation of habit reversal training combined with exposure and response prevention. Results suggest vocal tics were evoked by demands presented by an unfamiliar adult and maintained by sensory consequences. This study extends the literature on functional assessment by providing an added demonstration of the use of FA for tics and the sensitivity of tic frequency to socially mediated variables.
81. Developing a Decision-Making Model For Including Additional Treatment Components for Escape Extinction Procedures
Area: CBM; Domain: Service Delivery
JENNIFER M. KOZISEK (University of Nebraska Medical Center's Munroe-Meyer Institute), Laura E Phipps (Munroe-Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center), Lisa Guerrero (Little Leaves), Ashley Andersen (Clinic 4 Kidz), Bethany Hansen (Munroe Meyer Institute )
Discussant: Anneka Hofschneider (Centre for Neuro Skills)
Abstract: Escape extinction (EE) is a well-established treatment to increase acceptance and decrease refusal behavior for children diagnosed with a feeding disorder (Bachmeyer, 2009). While there is evidence that EE alone does not result in clinically significant treatment gains for all maladaptive feeding behavior (e.g., Girolami et al., 2007; Vaz et al., 2013), limited data exists demonstrating how often this occurs. Further, there are not clear guidelines for how long to continue to run a procedure before concluding that it will not be sufficient to progress a child’s eating. Thus, we conducted a retrospective review of 31 (20 solids and 11 liquids) treatment evaluations that included EE across 23 participants to 1) determine how often other treatment components were needed to progress a child’s eating, 2) make hypotheses about what criteria clinicians were using to determine when to add treatment components to a procedure, and 3) standardize that criteria into a decision-making model to be used by clinicians in the future. Developing a decision-making model to identify when additional treatment components are needed to progress a child’s eating, could help clinicians more efficiently develop effective treatments for children diagnosed with feeding disorders.



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