Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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48th Annual Convention; Boston, MA; 2022

Event Details


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Poster Session #100
CBM Saturday Poster Session: Even-Numbered Posters
Saturday, May 28, 2022
2:00 PM–3:00 PM
Exhibit Level; Exhibit Hall A
Chair: Kendra Thomson (Brock University )
76. Functional Analysis of Problem Behavior in Brazil: A Systematic Review
Area: CBM; Domain: Applied Research
FELIPE MAGALHÃES LEMOS (Universidade Federal de São Carlos; Luna ABA), Christiana Almeida Goncalves Meira Goncalves Meira (Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos), João S. Carmo (Universidade Federal de São Carlos), Joshua Jessel (Queens College, City University of New York)
Discussant: Kendra Thomson (Brock University)
Abstract:

Functional assessment is a process for understanding environmental influences of problem behavior and can be conducted in practice using questionnaires with caregivers, direct observations of the individual, and systematic analyses. . We present a systematic review of empirical studies conducted in Brazil wherein we describe common functional assessment procedures of problem behavior and evaluate function-based treatment outcomes. This study includes peer-reviewed studies that have been conducted in Brazil containing functional assessment as pre-treatment through experimental procedures, direct or indirect observation, and measurement of behavior problems demonstrating a relationship between environmental events and behavior. The studies were primarily conducted with adults (66%). The school was slightly more utilized as a setting, with 21%. And the most common pathology associated with evaluations was schizophrenia (25%). The most studied topography was the inappropriate speech of schizophrenic patients (25%). Only five studies used functional analysis. Only one study was conducted with a single test. Only 40% of the five studies presented the results in line charts. Only one of the articles presented graphs with function differentiation in one phase of the research. We conclude that there is a scarcity of research on functional analysis of behavior problems conducted with the Brazilian public.

 
78. Not Just for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Literature Review on the Effectiveness of Applied Behavior Analysis With Individuals of Different Disorders
Area: CBM; Domain: Theory
MONICA GILBERT (Crystal Minds New Beginning), Chanel Nunez (Crystal Minds New Beginning), Misleiny Acosta Valdes (Crystal Minds New Beginning), Bridgette Bayate (Crystal Minds New Beginning)
Discussant: Kendra Thomson (Brock University)
Abstract:

Historically, applied behavior analysis (ABA) has gained the connotation of being a therapy that solely treats individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, clinicians in the field have noted that the principles of ABA can be applied to children, adolescents, and adults of different disorders (and non-disorders). There is a concern with insurance companies in some states since they do not identify ABA as a therapy that meets medical necessity to treat disorders outside of autism. Therefore, funding sources for families of children with for instance; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorder, conduct disorder amongst others are in a disadvantage in that they have to pay for services out of their pocket. One way to change this is to stimulate more studies that demonstrate the effectiveness of ABA, not only with individuals diagnosed with ASDbut other disorders as well. The goal of this systematic literature review is to investigate whether there are empirical studies that show the effectiveness of ABA with other disorders and to provide a summary of the disorders that have gained the most studies that show a "good prognosis" for individuals treated with ABA.

 
Diversity submission 80. A Behavioral-Analytic Analysis of the Loneliness of Black Women in Brazil
Area: CBM; Domain: Theory
TÁHCITA MEDRADO MIZAEL (São Paulo University (USP - Brazil)), Maria Helena Leite Hunziker (Universidade de Sao Paulo)
Discussant: Kendra Thomson (Brock University)
Abstract:

There are more than 53 million Black women in Brazil. Studying the intersection of race, class, and gender can help us better understand the reasons why those women are oppressed in society (e.g., have less access to reinforcement related to social status and financial resources for centuries). Black women are the majority of individuals who seek psychotherapy in public services in Brazil, and they often describe a specific feeling of loneliness. Taking into account that behavior analysis is a science that could help understanding this type of suffering in a more precise way, i.e., looking into the variables that cause this behavior, the aim of this study was to interpret in behavior-analytic terms what processes may be involved in the feeling described as “Black women’s loneliness”. We reviewed the Brazilian literature on the phenomenon and hypothesize some behavioral processes that may be involved in this feeling (e.g., extinction), among other contributions from the field, such as deprivation and its role as motivating operations, leading to a higher chance to engage in exploitative romantic and work relationships. We hope these analyses could help counselors to a better understanding of this feeling and, consequently, interventions better suited for this population.

 
84. Functional Assessment of Social Media Use
Area: CBM; Domain: Basic Research
RINISHA NAIDU (California State University-East Bay), Elizabeth Kyonka (California State University - East Bay)
Discussant: Kendra Thomson (Brock University)
Abstract: The purpose of this pilot study was to develop a preliminary functional assessment of social media use. We designed the Social Media Use Consequences Questionnaire - Preliminary (SMCQ-P) to identify the consequences that maintained individuals’ use of social media. It includes five items putatively related to each of six possible functions: positive reinforcement in the form of tangible benefits, attention, or sensory reinforcement, and escape from demand, offline social interaction, or private events, with higher scores on each subscale indicating greater frequency. Thirty-one introductory psychology students completed the SMCQ-P and answered other questions about their internet use online via a web browser. The students reported using social media on an average of 15.34 hours per week and most (84%) reported that they want to change the way they use social media.Total scores on the SMCQ-P were correlated with scores on measures assessing consequences maintaining internet use (r = .54, p = .002), social media dependence (r = .41, p = .02), and internet addiction (r = .47, p = .01), which suggests that social media use and internet use may be functionally equivalent response classes. Means scores were relatively high for four subscales (attention, sensory, demand, and private events). They were relatively low for tangible reinforcement and social negative reinforcement. The pattern of subscale scores indicates that psychology students’ social media use is typically maintained by multiple consequences, but not financial gain or escape from offline social interaction.
 
 

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