Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


48th Annual Convention; Boston, MA; 2022

Event Details

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Poster Session #284
CSS Sunday Poster Session: Even-Numbered Posters
Sunday, May 29, 2022
2:00 PM–3:00 PM
Exhibit Level; Exhibit Hall A
Diversity submission 58. An Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Analysis of Motherhood as a Contextual Social Variable Influencing Risk-Aversion
Area: CSS; Domain: Applied Research
JESSICA M VENEGONI (Missouri State University ), Chynna Brianne Frizell (Missouri State University), Maggie Adler (Missouri State University ), Jordan Belisle (Missouri State University), Dana Paliliunas (Missouri State University)
Discussant: Amanda P. Laprime (University of Rochester Medical Center),
Abstract: The gender pay gap affects women, specifically women with families, that can influences their power in the workforce and is referred to as the “Motherhood Penalty” (Lips & Lawson, 2009).  The present study evaluated motherhood as a potential contextual variable that may influence risk aversion in women. A series of three experiments were implemented from within a probability discounting framework to isolate motherhood as a contextual variable. First, we presented college students who were not mothers with a series of three probability discounting measures where they were asked to choose between a certain amount of money and probabilistic amounts of money that were titrated in the task across hypothetical conditions where they had a child, a child with a chronic illness, or no child. Results revealed greater risk aversion in the child and child with chronic illness conditions. Next, we adjusted the task to more closely examine the ambiguous range where greater discounting was observed, and the same results were observed with the non-mother sample. Both studies represent an additive component analysis strategy. We then recruited a sample of mothers and presented the same discounting questionnaire under the condition that their lives were the same as present but without children, thus representing a subtractive component analytic strategy, where mothers were less risk averse in the hypothetical no-child condition. These results suggest that the constructed social pressures on mothers may operate as a contextual factor that influences risk taking with implications for mothers in the workforce.
62. Contributions of Behavior Systems Analysis to the Brazilian Woman’s House
Area: CSS; Domain: Theory
VIRGÍNIA CORDEIRO AMORIM (Universidade Federal do Pará), Emmanuel Z. Tourinho (Universidade Federal do Pará), Traci M. Cihon (University of North Texas)
Abstract: Brazilian Woman's House (BWH) is an organization in which specialized and multidisciplinary services are housed to provide integrated and humanized care to women in situations of violence. However, few cities have managed to implement and maintain a BWH unit. The objective of this work was to analyze the BWH strategy based on the concepts of Behavior Systems Analysis to check for discrepancies between the "prescribed BWH" and the "BWH ought to be" that guarantees its aggregate products and its financing by governments. To do so, we analyzed decrees, guidelines, and protocols referring to BWH regarding the first three levels of the Behavioral Systems Engineering Model. Among the results, the importance of BWH's relationship with the National Secretariat for Women's Policies was highlighted so that BWH services are under the control of a common set of external variables, facilitating assistance. The organization's Total Performance System pointed out that an additional product not outlined in the legislation, reports on BWH services, is essential for stakeholders to exercise social control over this public policy. The process level endorses the advantages of implementing BWH units. It is hoped that this study will support the analysis of actual BWHs and inform reformulations of this policy.
Diversity submission 64. Understanding BACB® Certificant’s LGBTQIA+ Knowledge
Area: CSS; Domain: Service Delivery
ELIZABETH HUGHES FONG (Pepperdine University), Christopher M. Rosado (Pepperdine University), Lisa Marie Arellano (Pepperdine University )
Discussant: Amanda P. Laprime (University of Rochester Medical Center),
Abstract: Roughly 5.6% of the United States population identifies as LGBT. Previous data suggest this is a 4% increase from data reported in 2017 (Jones, 2021). More than half of LGBT adults (54.6%) identify as bisexual, roughly a quarter (24.5%) identify as gay, 11.7% identify as lesbian, 11.3% identify as as transgender, and 3.3% identify as a another non-heterosexual preference or term to describe their sexual orientation (e.g., such as queer or same-gender-loving; Jones, 2021). In another report by Movement in Advancement Project (2019)), individuals who identified as LGBT were more likely to have a disability than the general population. In the report which incluided more than 26,000 people identifying as transgender, 39% reported having a disability (Movement Advancement Project, 2019). In comparison, 27.2% of the general population reported having a disability. Similarly, roughly 15 to 35 percent of individuals with a diagnosis of autism who did not have an intellectual disability among autistic people who do not have intellectual disability identify as LGBTQIA (Pecora, Mesibov, Stokes, 2016). This information indicates there is a high likelihood that clients, behavior analytic certification board (BACB©) have a higher likelihood of having a disability and identifying as part of the LGBTIA population. It’s important for BACB® certificant to understand how sexual preference may impact services, as part of delivering a culturally sensitive program. For example, Pecora, Hancok, Mesibov, and Stokes (2020), found that females with autism reported engaging in sexual behaviors that were later regretted, unwanted, or receiving unwanted sexual advances. Women with autism were at increased risk of negative sexual experiences including victimization and abuse in comparison to men with autism. This is due to a difference between decreased sexual interest (in comparison to non autistic females), and increased sexual behaviors. Even individuals without a disability or diagnosis of autism, are also at increased risk for health conditions, which a BACB certificant could also address. For example, cardiovascular disease, heart disease, asthma, worse physical and mental health (Streed, Hedian, Bertram, & Sission, 2019). Increased provider knowledge and competence may be one way to reduce healthcare disparities for minorities. Therefore, it’s important to assess BACB certificant’s competence and knowledge with the LGBTQIA+ population.



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