Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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11th International Conference; Dublin, Ireland; 2022

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Poster Session #70
CSS Poster Session
Friday, September 2, 2022
5:45 PM–7:45 PM
Ground Level; Forum
55.

The Effects of Scene Ambiguity on Social Contact Behavior: A Re-Examination Using Online Experiment

Area: CSS; Domain: Applied Research
YUNA MIYAZAWA (MEISEIUNIVERSITY), Takayuki Tanno (Meisei University, Department of Psychology)
Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to re-examine, through an online experiment, whether high ambiguity in a scene enhances social contact behavior.The participants were 28 university students.The experiment was conducted online.Experimental participants were randomly assigned to either a condition in which they were instructed to perform an ambiguous activity (ambiguous condition) or a condition in which they were instructed to perform an unambiguous activity (unambiguous condition).They were then asked to choose between social contact, in which they waited in a web room where someone was waiting, or asocial contact, in which they waited in an web room where no one was waiting, and were asked how confident they were in their choice.The level of confidence ranged from 1 (low) to 10 (high). As a result, the number of experimental participants who chose social contact was 1 out of 28 in the ambiguous group and 0 out of 28 in the non-ambiguous group.In terms of confidence, the ambiguous condition was higher than the unambiguous condition, but the difference was not statistically significant (Figure1).In conclusion, the ambiguity of the scene did not have a significant effect on social contact behavior in the online experiment.

 
56. Missing Pieces: Lack of Support Experienced by Immigrant Families Waiting for Services for Their Child
Area: CSS; Domain: Service Delivery
MÉLINA BOULÉ (University of Quebec in Montreal), Marie Millau (Université du Québec à Montréal), Mélina Rivard (University of Quebec, Montreal), Corinne Rochefort (University of Quebec in Montreal )
Abstract: The transitional periods between the different stages of services experienced by families who have a child with suspected or diagnosed autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be challenging. Indeed, these empty periods of support break the fluidity of families’ trajectory of services and can have a negative impact on their mental health and on their child's prognosis. This can be exacerbated for families with an immigrant background, who are often unfamiliar with the health system of the host country and where a language barrier may be present. Given that support needs for families awaiting a diagnosis or specialized services have been documented, what can be done to target interventions to be put in place at these times and that are accessible to families? This poster aims to present the experience of 18 families from immigrant backgrounds documented within a research project carried out in Montreal (Canada), between 2014 and 2018. Following the research project, a culturally sensitive conceptual framework was created and developed to structure services and practices, and support families at each stage of their service trajectory, including periods of transition. This poster suggests recommendations, based on the experience of families, to identify gaps in the trajectory of autism services, from the onset of the first suspicions of ASD in children. These services may be used both to support parents in their intervention with their child, and to support the child in his or her learning while waiting for specialized services.
 
57. Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention Services: Immigrant Families Speak Out About Their Experiences
Area: CSS; Domain: Service Delivery
CORINNE ROCHEFORT (Université du Québec à Montréal), Mélina Rivard (University of Quebec, Montreal), Marie Millau (Université du Québec à Montréal), Catalina Mejia-Cardenas (Université du Québec à Montréal), Mélina Boulé (Université du Québec à Montréal)
Abstract: Access to early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) programs and the application of strategies prescribed by health and social agencies can be a challenge for many families (e.g., language barriers). Although this can have a notable impact on the quality of services received, existing literature is limited on how to support families from cultural or ethnic minorities. The purpose of this poster is to present data collected from families with an immigrant background on their perceptions of the EIBI program received. In order to better understand their experiences, seventeen families who immigrated to Canada and received EIBI were invited to participate in semi-structured interviews. Results underline the importance for these families to be consulted and involved in the services. Participants also name several areas for improvement, including organizational changes and the development of better socio-emotional skills among practitioners. These results highlight the importance of the notion of cultural humility within the intervention, in particular for the parent-provider partnership. This study will provide a better understanding of the experiences of families, in addition to allowing the development of a framework for guiding services that is more appropriate and adapted to the needs identified by these families.
 
58. An Effective and Cheap Way of Increasing Recycling of Household Waste
Area: CSS; Domain: Service Delivery
GUNNAR REE (Department of Behavioral Science, OsloMet), Vibece Østhus (Department of Behavioral Science, OsloMet)
Abstract: Waste management is a continuous problem, and recycling of household waste can contribute to some degree towards solving it. Cheap, non-invasive methods of reducing global warming are much desired, and behavior analysis should contribute knowledge that promotes the development of effective interventions. In a pre-test post-test design, 168 households in a Norwegian municipality were divided into control and experimental groups, and an intervention in the form of a sticker was used for the experimental group after baseline measures. The sticker stated a social norm. Recycling significantly increased in the experimental group, with no significant change for the control group. Stimulus control for correct handling of food waste is assumed to have been established through verbal governance of behavior, through mediation of social norms. The study is a systematic replication of studies from the UK and Sweden. Good effects were observed after an intervention that cost approximately €300 for 83 households. The intervention can be extended to the whole municipality at a very low extra cost.
 
 

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