Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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11th International Conference; Dublin, Ireland; 2022

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Paper Session #30
Neurology and Behavior Analysis
Friday, September 2, 2022
11:30 AM–11:55 AM
Meeting Level 2; Wicklow Hall 2A
Area: BPN
Chair: Jared T Armshaw (University of North Texas)
 

CANCELLED: Amnestic Aphasia and Applied Behavior Analysis: Naming Intervention in a Patient With Mild Neurocognitive Disorder and Amnestic Aphasia After Cardiac Arrest and Cerebral Anoxia

Domain: Applied Research
GUIDO D'ANGELO (DALLA LUNA - BARI), Valentina Catania (OASI Research Institute - IRCCS Troina, Italy ), Simonetta Panerai (OASI Research Institute - IRCCS Troina, Italy )
 
Abstract:

Aphasia is a verbal communication disorder that results as a consequence of a brain injury and affects one or more components of the complex process of understanding and producing verbal messages. This damage significantly decreases individuals’ quality of life. Specifically, the main symptom of amnestic aphasia is the anomie, which consists of a marked difficulty in producing names both in denomination tasks and in the context of spontaneous speech. The main therapeutic treatments for post-stroke aphasia consist of approaches based on deficit and functional communication training, which may be combined with pharmacological treatment and non-invasive brain stimulation techniques. In the realm of deficit-based approaches, there seem to be no studies describing interventions on this type of disorder based on the principles of Applied Behavior Analysis. The aim of the present study is to test the effectiveness of a naming protocol (Miguel, 2016) in a patient with Amnestic Aphasia, resulting from brain injoury. The results indicate that the participant was able to regain the ability to name common stimuli, across six different categories. These data represent a preliminary effort in outlining strategies based on Applied Behavior Analysis in the context of recovering impaired communication functions following brain damage.

 
A Shifting of Borders: The Role of the Dopaminergic System and Behavior in Reestablishing Repertoires Following Neurological Damage
Domain: Theory
JARED T ARMSHAW (University of North Texas; Barrett Endowment for Neuro-Operant Research), April M. Becker (University of North Texas; University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center)
 
Abstract: Early behavior analysts established salient boundaries between Behavior Analysis and physiology while maintaining the supposition that the two domains would eventually establish interconnections with each other (Skinner 75). Since that time, Neuroscience has developed into a large and technologically advanced field. Because of these advances, new opportunities to cross boundaries between the fields have developed, for example, the development of new technologies for re-establishing repertoires impaired by neurological damage. Following the aftermath of damage, the brain is in a state of flux as it rearranges to establish new neural networks that aid in the emittance operant behavior. Neuromodulatory systems are circuits in the brain that are linked to behavior processes and are critical for the reestablishment of new networks. Of particular interest is the dopaminergic system, which often activates in connection to reinforcement. This paper will review how a radical behaviorist approach to rehabilitation may be compatible with neural stimulation approaches that could utilize dopamine manipulations in concert with contingencies to address brain damage. Finally, we emphasize the importance for behavioral neuroscience to maintain a multifaceted approach when addressing repertoires perturbed by neurological damage.
 
 

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