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Ninth International Conference; Paris, France; 2017

Event Details

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Paper Session #60
Theoretical Topics in PCH
Wednesday, November 15, 2017
8:00 AM–9:50 AM
Loft A, Niveau 3
Area: PCH
Instruction Level: Basic
Keyword(s): Film Noir, Love, Stimulus Control, Stimulus Equivalence
Chair: Travis Thompson (University of Minnesota)
Behavior Analysis and Private Events: Love Looks Not With the Eyes, but With the Mind
Domain: Theory
TRAVIS THOMPSON (University of Minnesota)
Abstract: Love's causal role must become part of behavior analysis as a mature science. Love is the most powerful factor in our daily lives, yet we have scientifically ignored it. Empirical research indicates private states are associated with neurotransmitters binding to brain receptors, manipulateable experimentally. Skinner suggested (1945) the names for private states are learned through pairing the external circumstances. In or daily lives, such externally events from our original learning may no longer be present. Depression may occur in our room alone, longing for love, anxiety about a trip occur independently from those distant causes. Love provides discriminative stimuli, love can be a response class (e.g. as in making love), or a setting event (e.g. motivative). Loss of love is an EO for irrational, or sometimes violent behavior. Private events usually serve as Aristotelean Efficient causes. While proximal causes may be traceable in principle to a distant past reinforcement history, i.e. Aristotelean Formal Causes, such distant relationships are not essential to understanding current behavior and may not be relevant in practice. Behavior analysis can contribute to the understanding the causal role of love and other private emotional states if we began to systematically examine their role
CANCELED: Film Noir: A Radical Behaviorist Approach to Film Genre
Domain: Theory
SANDY ALEXANDAR HOBBS (University of the West of Scotland)
Abstract: The requirement of precision made by radical behaviorists often leads them to be critical of other writers in psychology and related fields.The discrepancy in approach is even greater when behaviorists are compared with those scholars working in the humanities and the arts. Nevertheless, it is possible for behaviorists to contribute to the solution of problems in these fields. A case in point is the genre name "film noir", created in Paris in 1946. It is proposed that a radical behaviourist approach will contribute in two ways, first by dealing with the lack of definition of a "noir" film, and secondly by dealing with the lack of agreement on which films are "noir". The key feature of the method employed is that it focuses initially on "film noir" as the verbal behavior of the writers concerned before dealing with the films themselves. The success of this method might indicate its possible use in other genre fields.
When We Speak of the Mental
Domain: Theory
JAY MOORE (University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
Abstract: When we speak of the mental, we might be speaking about any of five things, either singly or in combination: (a) private behavioral events, (b) physiology, (c) dispositions, (d) stimulus control, or (e) explanatory fictions. Talk about private behavioral events is concerned with how events not accessible to others participate in contingencies controlling subsequent behavior. Talk about physiology is concerned with the structure and operating characteristics of physiological systems, where that knowledge is achieved through direct investigation rather than inference. Talk about dispositions is concerned with the probability of behavior engendered by contingencies, rather than underlying mental phenomena. Talk about stimulus control often invokes such terms as attention, generalization, and discrimination, and is concerned with relations between antecedent environmental circumstances and behavior, rather than mediating mental processes. Talk about explanatory fictions is concerned with supposed causal factors in other domains, such as the mind, and owes its strength to the everyday social reinforcement inherent in “folk psychology.” An understanding of the sources of control over verbal behavior leads in turn to a greater understanding of theories and explanations in a science of behavior, and their relation to prediction and control of behavioral events.
CANCELED: Stimulus Equivalence: Why Graphs Instead of Sets
Domain: Theory
CELSO SOCORRO OLIVEIRA (UNESP - Sao Paulo State University)
Abstract: Since 1982, many papers on Stimulus Equivalence and Teaching-Learning processes have been published on a variety of experiments including changing number of elements in a set and number of sets, as well as different strategies of training among sets. The pitfalls on the basic Set Theory used calls the attention because were inadequate to mathematical properties claimed at that time. The theory did not respond to the increase on the number of objects or the number of sets, making necessary some improvements introducing words such a node, nodal distance and arcs, which do not belong to the Set Theory. The introduction of such new words changed the basic Mathematics of Sets into another area called Graph Theory, not yet known by the classic school of behaviorists. The Graph Theory has as its main concepts the words node, arcs and graph. There are properties such as nodal distance, weight of the arc, node properties, paths, trees, and many others yet to be included in the behavior experiments and papers to be published. The main paradigm difference is that the Equivalence's final result is a connected-acyclic tree and the strength of Classes of Equivalent Objects (or nodes) depends on the arc strength
Keyword(s): Film Noir, Love, Stimulus Control, Stimulus Equivalence


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