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Association for Behavior Analysis International

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Ninth International Conference; Paris, France; 2017

Event Details

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Poster Session #38
Tuesday, November 14, 2017
5:30 PM–7:00 PM
Studio GHIJ; Niveau 2
56. The Bx+ System
Area: CSS; Domain: Service Delivery
RYAN LEE O'DONNELL (Institute of Meaningful Instruction), Simon Dejardin (Bx+), Melissa Engasser (The Bedrock Clinic & Research Center, Inc., Bx+), Paulo Aguirra Gameiro (Bx+), Tom Buqo (Bx+), Mark Malady (Institute of Meaningful Instruction / Bx+)
Abstract: Following graduation of maters programs many behavior analysts find themselves in a cold dark world where they are searching for the light of peers that share their approach to the subject matter of behavior. Bx+ started as a meetup group of soon-to-be behavior analysts in 2013 with the mission “We aim to create a collaborative environment where students of behavior analysis are exposed to and pursue behavior analytic literature, philosophy and research.” The idea being that the “Bx” symbolizes our subject matter that we all share a common interest in (Behavior Analysis), and the “+” symbolizes the behavioral technology (gadgets, processes and procedures) that we include within our group to achieve the mission of the organization. Throughout now 4 years of being an independent (and sometimes lost) organization of passionate behavior analysts with high aspirations we have learned a little about creating projects that align the passions of behavior analysts across the world in an online format. The purpose of this poster is to present current projects in the areas of dissemination and mentorship.
57. Increasing the Demand of Foodie Bags in Restaurants by Default
Area: CSS; Domain: Applied Research
Massimo Cesareo (International University of Language and Media; Istituto Europeo per lo Studio del Comportamento Umano), MARCO TAGLIABUE (H�gskolen i Oslo og Akershus), Ingunn Sandaker (HiOA), Paolo Moderato (IULM & IESCUM), Kalliu Carvalho Couto (HiOA)
Abstract: In order to tackle food waste in restaurants, we set up an intervention in a bistrot of Milano and Oslo to increase the demand of foodie bags. While usually clients have to actively ask the waiters to packing their leftovers, in this experiment the default rule was manipulated to automatically provide the clients with a foodie bag, unless they actively choose to opt-out. In the first two weeks, the demanded rate of doggy bags was measured as baseline. During the further two weeks, we placed in front of each client a double-sided poker-chip, with the two sides colored in a different way, respectively green and red. The poker-chip was placed by default with the green side up so that the costumers, in order to receive the foodie bag, had just to leave it on that side, while to opt-out they had to turn it up on the red one. A centerpiece with simple instructions was placed on each table and a printed flyer with the instructions inside of each menu. The results confirmed our hypothesis: manipulating the default rule proved to be effective to increase the demand of foodie bags.
58. Shaping Running Cadence Through Acoustic Feedback
Area: CSS; Domain: Applied Research
GIORGIO INNOCENTI (Centro di Ricerca Comportamentale CE.R.CO.; Università di Parma)
Abstract: Effectiveness and efficiency of a behavior shaping through Goal Setting and acoustic Performance Feedback (Ward, 2011) procedure in increasing stride cadence running. Took part in the study three male triathletes 29, 31 and 37 years old, familiar with muscular, bone and joint injury. A changing criterion experimental design was replicated for the 3 athletes to evaluate the functional relationship between the treatment and the modification of stride cadence. A measurement of the dependent variables was carried out after the withdrawal of the treatment to demonstrate the maintenance of variation. The first dependent variable was the cadence freely chosen in a 45 minutes easy/long running on a running track, measured as the average number of stride per minute (SPM) emitted. The second dependent variable was the gross oxygen consumption (VO2)(Prampero, 1985) detected before and after treatment in a 45 minutes easy/long running probe on athletics track in which athletes could freely choose cadence. The independent variable was the procedure of shaping behavior through Goal Setting and acoustic Performance Feedback. The intervention was proven effective and efficient in increasing significantly the cadence freely chosen during the post probes in 2 of 3 participants without significant changes in VO2 gross.
59. Social Validity in Single-Case Research: A Systematic Literature Review of Prevalence and Application in Special Education
Area: CSS; Domain: Applied Research
MOON YOUNG CHUNG (University of illinois at Urbana-Champaign), Melinda Snodgrass (Hunter College, City University of New York ), Hedda Meadan (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Abstract: In 1978, Wolf introduced the construct of social validity (SV) in Applied Behavior Analysis research. Then, in 2005, Horner and colleagues included SV assessment as one of the quality indicators of single-case research. Thus, many researchers in special education have included SV assessments in published single-case research, but few guidelines exist to guide the rigor or reporting of these assessments. We conducted a systematic review of single-case research to explore how the researchers conducted and reported SV assessments. We identified 107 studies that used single-case design and included a SV assessment in the top five journals in the field from 2005-2015. We then reviewed each study�s SV procedures and results to identify if the assessment addressed the social importance of the goals, procedures, and outcomes (Wolf, 1978). Twenty-one of the 107 studies addressed all three factors and were included in a final in-depth review. We coded the content of the SV assessment in these 21 articles by the steps in the scientific method. The results reveal patterns in both prevalence and application of scientific rigor to SV assessments in single-case research since 2005. These patterns can inform current researchers� efforts to capture and report the social validity of their research.



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