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Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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Ninth International Conference; Paris, France; 2017

Event Details

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Paper Session #56
Topics in Autism: Video Modeling
Wednesday, November 15, 2017
8:00 AM–9:50 AM
Scene DEF, Niveau 0
Area: AUT
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Chair: Sherene Alicia Powell-Okafor (HOPE Autism Care Centre)
The Effectiveness of Video Modeling Intervention Package on Social-Skill Performance With Students who Have Autism Spectrum Disorder
Domain: Applied Research
ONUR KOCAOZ (University of Aksaray), Jennifer Gallup (Idaho State University)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of an intervention package that combined Skillstreaming procedures for the development of social skills with the use of video modeling for middle school students identified with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The Skillstreaming procedures in the research package include: (a) introduce the target social skill behavior; (b) model the skill; (c) discuss/review the components of target social skills with visual cards; (d) practice/role model; (e) provide feedback and; (g) present visual and oral prompt. A multiple-probe design across participants was employed to assess the effects of the video modeling intervention package on two beginning social skills (i.e., initiate greetings and initiate a conversation). Participants included three middle school-aged students diagnosed with ASD, enrolled in a self-contained classroom, at an urban middle school. The results of this research indicated that all three students improved their social skills performance following the implementation of the video modeling intervention package. Furthermore, during the maintenance phase, the social skills performance of each student was maintained. The research design, resutls and recommendations for further study for teachers of students with ASD will be presented
 
Video Modelling and Classical Conditioning: Which is More Efficient in Helping Children With a Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder Develop New Interests?
Domain: Applied Research
SHERENE ALICIA POWELL-OKAFOR (HOPE Autism Care Centre), Jennifer Sheridan (Hope Autism Care Centre)
Abstract: Autism is defined by the triad of impairments that includes social interaction, communication and restricted behaviour. There are many interventions for improving the lives of children diagnosed with autism |Spectrum Disorder (ASD) but research has demonstrated that Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) is the most effective. A significant issue with autistic children is their lack of variation of interests and obsessions in activities or play. However, due to this potentially limited and narrow ranges of interest in activities for children with ASD, this may make it difficult for professionals working with them to identify potential reinforcers to increase their educational and social opportunities. The study investigated how to expand otherwise fixated interests in children with ASD using a multiple baseline design. This was done by using: ? Conditioning: In which the highest preferred item is conditioned with the lowest. ? Video Modelling: Which entailed watching typical developing children playing with the lowest preferred item in different ways. Participants consisted of seven children, between the ages of three and six years, with varying levels of severity along the spectrum, all currently enrolled in early intervention services. Two types of preference assessment (PA) were used: paired stimulus (PS) which is also known as 2-choice paired stimulus and free operant (FO). PA was used to identify the hierarchy of participants preference in order of one to six and to assess if this hierarchy changes throughout the study. The results of this study showed that both conditioning and video modelling were effective at changing preferences for young children with ASD. However, the video modelling condition was superior as it helped changed preference faster and in different way.
 
Sexuality and the Spectrum: Lessons on Sex, Dating, and Love, Autism Style
Domain: Applied Research
AMY GRAVINO (A.S.C.O.T Coaching)
Abstract: Individuals on the autism spectrum are sexual beings, yet they are often not taught the necessary skills to be successful in romantic relationships. This session features a firsthand personal narrative from a woman on the autism spectrum, and gives an inside perspective on both the triumphs and heartbreaks of young adulthood.The potential for using principles of Applied Behavior Analysis to teach these skills and challenges that may arise in doing so will be addressed, as well as differences between males and females on the autism spectrum and challenges they may face as they encounter adolescence, puberty, and young adulthood. Strategies for professionals and parents to discuss issues and assist individuals on the spectrum in navigating relationships, avoiding victimization, and becoming empowered will also be discussed.
 
Teaching Complex Social Skills Using Video-Based Group Instruction for Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder
Domain: Applied Research
DAISY WANG (Autism Spectrum Therapies)
Abstract: Social skills deficits are a key characteristic of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and many social skills programs in community-based clinical settings take an eclectic approach. These programs often include discussions, role play, and group activities, leading to variable outcomes. A recent study documented a favorable outcome when using video modeling to teach complex social skills in a group setting. The current study seeks to replicate these findings and examine the effectiveness of using video-based group instruction for adolescents with autism. Participants were recruited from a community-based social skills training program in which they have participated for at least 1 year; video modeling had not been presented as an instructional strategy prior to this study. Preliminary results suggest that participants responded favorably and expediently to the video models, and the high levels of success were maintained to date. It is an encouraging first step. The author anticipates monitoring long-term maintenance, as well as generalization to natural settings, with the current group. The efficacy of video-based group instructions is currently under further investigation with the instruction of different complex social skills and with learners of different ages.
 
 
 

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