Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


41st Annual Convention; San Antonio, TX; 2015

Event Details

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Paper Session #123
Applying ABA to Improve Pedestrian and Cyclist Safety in Urban Areas
Sunday, May 24, 2015
9:00 AM–9:20 AM
204B (CC)
Area: CSE
Chair: Donald A. Hantula (Temple University)
Playing in Traffic: Behavioral Analyses of Pedestrian and Cyclist Safety in Urban Environments
Domain: Applied Research
DONALD A. HANTULA (Temple University), Emma Lockwood (Temple University), Elizabeth Decina (Temple University)
Abstract: Non-motorist injuries and fatalities are increasing in the USA. There were 34,080 fatal motor vehicle traffic crashes in the United States in 2012, 5,307 involved pedestrians and 677 involved bicyclists. Pedestrian errors cause 59% of motorist pedestrian accidents. Car/bicycle conflicts due to poor road design comprise the vast majority of these accidents. Two studies and a behavioral and traffic engineering analysis of pedestrian and cyclist accidents conducted in collaboration with traffic engineers in the 4th largest urban area in the USA were conducted. One study revealed that a pedestrian feedback intervention that was effective in other studies did not change illegal crossings but decreased near misses, partially replicating previous research. Another showed that buffered bicycle lanes reduced motorist/bicyclist conflicts. A behavioral analysis of previous studies of traffic safety showed that these studies were conducted in suburban and small town settings, and that they may not readily generalize to large urban environments, where the bulk of non-motorist injuries and fatalities occur.



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