Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


11th International Conference; Dublin, Ireland; 2022

Event Details

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Paper Session #29
Dealing With Challenging Behavior: Tactics and the History
Saturday, September 3, 2022
11:30 AM–12:20 PM
Meeting Level 2; Ecocem Room
Area: AUT
Chair: Jaime Flowers (Stephen F. Austin State University )

Strategies to Reduce Behavioral Contrast Effect During Severe Problem Behaviors Treatment Using Skill-Based Treatment

Domain: Applied Research
FLORIANA CANNIELLO (Neapolisanit Rehabilitation Center), Maria Gallucci (Aias Onlus Sez. Nola), Rosaria Benincasa (Neapolisanit Rehabilitation Center), Mariangela Cerasuolo (Aias Onlus Sez. Nola), Roberta Simeoli (University of Naples, Italy), LUIGI IOVINO (Neapolisanit Center)

In planning treatments to reduce severe problem behaviors, behavior analysts recommend considering the effects of behavioral contrast. Here, we describe how to reduce these side effects through a modified version of the Skill-Based Treatment (SBT) protocol (Hanley et al., 2014), in an 18-year-old autistic patient with severe self-injury behaviors. The Practical Functional Assessment (Hanley et al., 2014), including an open-ended interview and a subsequent functional analysis through IISCA app, was used to analyze problem behaviors. The SBT protocol was then developed, by teaching skills of communication, toleration, and a range of contextually appropriate behaviors (CABs) through chaining, differential reinforcement strategies without extinction. The protocol was fully implemented by SBT-trained patient’s parents and then transferred to other settings. A multiple baseline across behavior experimental design was employed to measure treatment effects. Social validity was assessed using a 7-point scale. Results showed the effectiveness of the protocol in reducing the number of problem behaviors to rates of zero, and increasing communication, tolerance, and collaboration of the patient. In addition, his parents were satisfied and recognized the social validity of the treatment used.


Use of Aversive Technologies in Applied Behavior Analysis: Historical and Current Usage

Domain: Applied Research
JAIME FLOWERS (Stephen F. Austin State University ), Jillian Dawes (The Citadel)

Recently, concerns over applied behavior analysis (ABA) therapy have been voiced by autistic and disability rights advocates. Reductive behavior techniques and some behavioral goals are believed to violate autonomy and harm the learner. The Behavior Analyst Ethics Code directs practitioners to use the least restrictive procedures and rely on positive reinforcement procedures rather than reductive procedures. Currently, there are no studies examining the frequency of usage these techniques and goals in practice. To evaluate the extent to which restrictive and potentially aversive technologies are used in practice, 534 ABA practitioners were surveyed. Results, discussion and implications for practice are discussed.




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