Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


11th International Conference; Dublin, Ireland; 2022

Event Details

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Paper Session #128
Adjusting Service Delivery Expectations to the Reality of the Pandemic
Saturday, September 3, 2022
3:00 PM–3:50 PM
Meeting level 2; Wicklow Hall 1
Area: CBM
Instruction Level: Basic
Chair: Kristine Jolivette (University of Alabama)

Understanding and Responding to the Risks of Nurturance Traps set by Pandemic Related Reductions to Demand Expectations and Limits

Domain: Service Delivery
KIMBERLY DEAN (Arcadia University), Trevor F. Stokes (James Madison University)

The response to the pandemic resulted in dramatic changes in routine and demands for families and schools. The complex process of returning to pre-pandemic expectations and functioning is frequently marked by resistance and disruption in children’s coping and development. Caring providers within homes and schools may become trapped in their own nurturance and struggle to support a healthy return to appropriate demands and limits. Appropriate adjustments in response to the extraordinary circumstances of the last few years have left some children in a cycle of resistance to demand and limits that may impede their development. Caregivers counter-therapeutic responses risk strengthening reciprocal control resulting in exacerbated maladaptive outcomes. This session will discuss a therapeutic approach based on Stokes, Mowery, Dean and Hoffman’s (1997) paradigm of nurturance traps of depression, aggression and regression. Strategies and tactics designed to gradually introduce and reinforce developmental progression, independence and resilience will be described and case examples will be employed in the further analysis of the challenging dynamic faced by parents and teachers eager to support children and youth in responding to the distress and dismay resulting from the pandemic with their hopes to optimize effective functioning.

When FW-PBIS Implementation and COVID-19 Collided: Juvenile Justice Youth and Staff Voice on Facility Climate
Domain: Applied Research
KRISTINE JOLIVETTE (University of Alabama), Sara Sanders (University of Alabama), Ashley Virgin (University of Alabama), Robin Parks Ennis (University of Alabama at Birmingham)
Abstract: Obtaining youth voice from those being served in secure juvenile justice facilities is critical to youth engagement in and outcomes from their treatment and programming. As these facilities implement facility-wide positive behavior interventions and supports (FW-PBIS) to provide tiered, evidence-based interventions to address youth needs across domains and improve the safety and security of the facility, facility climate must be measured. Using an adapted climate survey, juvenile facilities are purposefully measuring facility climate to determine the effects of FW-PBIS implementation on the constructs of climate and youth behavior per ABA principles. This is especially important as COVID has disrupted implementation efforts (fidelity levels, consistency, equity). Using analytic statistics during two administrations (before and in the midst of COVID) of the climate survey, more than 400 youth from over 20 facilities voiced noticeable changes in FW-PBIS implementation paired with concerns related to facility climate, their behavior, and treatment and programming. To further understand these voiced youth concerns as related to implementation and climate, a focus group of juvenile agency personnel was conducted. From this, we identified themes and barriers to facilitating a safe and productive facility climate with suggestions on how to improve fidelity of FW-PBIS implementation as COVID persists.



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