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Association for Behavior Analysis International

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Ninth International Conference; Paris, France; 2017

Event Details

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Poster Session #35
Tuesday, November 14, 2017
5:30 PM–7:00 PM
Studio GHIJ; Niveau 2
32. Looking Back to the Map in the Head: The Metaphor, the Evidences and Behavior Analysis
Area: PCH; Domain: Theory
LUIZ HENRIQUE SANTANA (University of S�o Paulo, Brazil; Federal University of ABC, Brazil)
Abstract: Cognitive map is a concept built to explain problem solving by the abstract representation of reality through brain and mental mechanisms. From its proposal by Edward C. Tolman, cognitive maps have been explored from a behavioral, neurobiological and computational perspective. In this work I will briefly present the metaphor and some of evidences on each of those three aspects that explored the concept with emphasis in behavioral and neurobiological experiments. The analysis took into account conceptual and experimental sources with historical relevance defined from the social and scientific impact of the work or its originality. It was identified that cognitive map concept was originally presented based on metaphors and with lacks in testability. The evidences for cognitive maps are inconclusive and have concurrent hypothesis to explain data that were not properly explored or revisited. As one of the core concepts for cognitive revolution narrative, this work intended to present cognitive map concept and findings as an empirical and theoretical field for behavior analysis and evidence based psychology.
33. Stimulus Control and Behavior Variability in Insight
Area: PCH; Domain: Theory
LUIZ HENRIQUE SANTANA (University of São Paulo, Brazil)
Abstract: Insight has been a challenge for experimental psychology since the early works of K�hler. Although many publications explored creative problem solving in humans, most of these work were dedicated to suggest inner mechanisms for insight � either neural or cognitive � besides exploring the stimuli control relations that are capable of producing new ways of solving problems besides direct training. This work intends to explore two conceptual problems concerning insight definition. The first problem concerns the definition of insight as a behavioural process. Secondly, how insight fits on behaviour analytic theoretical framework and how it deals with selection by consequences. These reflections will be confronted with current empirical data on insight to evaluate if the present investigations have been taking into account those conceptual challenges. Finally, we want to propose a few hypothesis derived from this theoretical reflection in order to guide further experimental investigations.



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