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Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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Ninth International Conference; Paris, France; 2017

Event Details

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Paper Session #20
Topics in Practice: Service Delivery
Tuesday, November 14, 2017
3:00 PM–4:50 PM
Forum EF, Niveau 1
Area: PRA
Chair: Laura Gormley (Trinity College Dublin)
Dissemination of Evidence-Based Practice to Professionals Working in the Field of Intellectual Disabilities
Domain: Service Delivery
LAURA GORMLEY (Trinity College Dublin; RehabCare), Olive Healy (Trinity College Dublin), Darragh O'Regan (RehabCare)
Abstract: The overall aim of this research was to effectively disseminate evidence-based practice (EBP) to professionals working in the field of intellectual disability. Individuals with intellectual disabilities have the right to the highest standard of treatment and support but research has shown that this is often not the case. Study 1 involved the completion of a training needs analysis, within an intellectual disability service provider in Ireland. The goal of this study was to obtain a broad, comprehensive analysis of the diagnostic, adaptive functioning and behavioral profiles of a representative sample of service users, as well as the training needs of staff providing direct care to these individuals. Sixty-two direct-support staff participated and results demonstrated a disconnect between the training received by staff and the adaptive and behavioral needs of the service users. The outcomes of Study 1 were subsequently used to develop a staff training intervention program (Study 2), utilizing behavioral skills training as the primary methodology. The impact of this program was investigated using a randomized control trial design, comparing training as usual with the novel intervention. The results of these studies provide an analysis of the most productive methods for disseminating and supporting the adoption of evidence-based practice in care settings as well as an investigation of the generalization of skills to novel circumstances. The research concludes with an analysis of the benefits to service users, staff and the larger organization as a result of adopting an evidence-based approach to service delivery.
 
CANCELED: Moving Behavior Analytic Consultation to a Broader Population
Domain: Service Delivery
HALINA DZIEWOLSKA (Behavior Analysis and Therapy Partners), Joseph D. Cautilli (Behavior Analysis and Therapy Partners)
Abstract: In Pennsylvania the median price of a nursing home is $8,900/month. Nursing homes represent a very restrictive and expensive environment. Recently, Pennsylvania has started to move to a managed care system (CHC) for those living in nursing homes. This talk will review both the political and use of research that supported the use of Pa Licensed Behavior Specialists in the service of nursing home populations including support for people with Alzheimer's Disease, geriatric failure to thrive, incontinence, and those suffering from Traumatic Brain Injury. As other states move from center based nursing homes to maintaining more people in the community, it is hoped that these efforts will be replicated bring a new freedom to nursing populations.
 
Applied Behavior Analysis and Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports in Juvenile Justice Programs
Domain: Service Delivery
BRENDA K. SCHEUERMANN (Texas State University), Kristine S. Jolivette (The University of Alabama)
Abstract: Youth in juvenile justice programs present diverse and complex academic, behavioral, and social needs. To maximize positive outcomes for these youth, many researchers, advocates, and governmental entities have called for the adoption of proactive, preventative, developmentally appropriate programs. This session will focus on the application of applied behavior analysis (ABA) within an empirically validated framework known as positive behavior interventions and supports (PBIS), and the implementation of this framework in juvenile justice programs. In PBIS, principles and practices of ABA are applied at both systems levels (e.g., throughout a school or program) and individual levels. This framework has been shown to increase student success in schools in the U.S. More recently, juvenile justice programs in the U.S have begun adopting the behaviorally-based, data-driven approach of applying ABA practices within a PBIS framework. We will provide specific implementation examples of PBIS and ABA in juvenile justice programs. We will also explain data sources used for planning and monitoring student progress, and how data sources differ across tiers of support. Finally, we will discuss challenges in extending this framework to juvenile justice settings, and how those challenges are being addressed.
 
An International Perspective on the Cultural Adaptation of the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code
Domain: Service Delivery
EYAL COHEN (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel ), Simona Levi (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel)
Abstract: The Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts (BACB) is the sole document that guides the professional and ethical domains of our field. The code has been translated into twelve languages, yet they do not include cultural adaptations, which may be required in order to assure professional and ethical conduct by behavior analysts around the world. The Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts (BACB) should be utilized frequently when confronted with situations that need to be addressed, assisting behavior analysts to determine the right thing to do, what is worth doing and what does it mean to be a professional behavior analyst (Baily & Burch, 2011). Cultural differences must be considered when addressing these issues, in order to uphold the applied dimension of our field, which is to improve the quality of life of our clients that are important to the society they live in (Baer, Wolf, & Risley, 1968). Cultural adaptations and considerations may be applied in different venues, such as new ethical guidelines that include cultural adaptations or incorporating multi-cultural studies when teaching ethics. Future behavior analysts should adhere to the professional and ethical standards, as well as possess the skills to adapt to their local cultures.
 
 
 

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