Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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47th Annual Convention; Online; 2021

All times listed are Eastern time (GMT-4 at the time of the convention in May).

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Poster Session #432
Monday, May 31, 2021
1:00 PM–3:00 PM
Online
46.

The Effects of Data Sheet Layouts on the Accuracy and Reliability of Data Recording

Area: OBM; Domain: Service Delivery
KWADWO O. BRITWUM (Southern Illinois University), Rocco G Catrone (SIU-Carbondale), Manish K. Goyal (Southern Illinois University), Sebastian Garcia-Zambrano (Southern Illinois University), Darwin S Koch (Southern Illinois University)
Discussant: Nicole Gravina (University of Florida)
Abstract:

The effectiveness of behavioral programs is dependent on the interveners’ accurate and reliable recording of target responses. The current study evaluated the accuracy and reliability of observers’ detection of target responses when two different data sheets were used. Fifteen graduate students working in a University-Based, State-funded Service Delivery Program (USSDP) at a Midwestern University were asked to record the occurrence of target responses depicted in a videotape, while using two different data sheets. Each condition differed only to the extent that each required the participants to use a different data sheet to record the same target responses depicted in the video. Data sheet layouts (i.e. portrait or landscape) differed, as well as column sizes across both data sheets. Results showed that participants detection and recording of the target responses was more accurate and reliable when using data sheets, they were most familiar with (i.e. data sheets with portrait layout and smaller columns), as opposed to newer data sheets (i.e. data sheets with landscape and larger columns). These results provide useful implications for applied settings, and also demonstrate the utility of methods developed by Signal Detection Theory in evaluating observer detection of target behavior.

 
47. The Effects of Peer Interactions on Productivity in a Remote Work Setting
Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
ALYSSA LYNN CROWE (University of Florida), Jessica Nastasi (University of Florida), Nicole Gravina (University of Florida)
Discussant: Nicole Gravina (University of Florida)
Abstract: Covid-19 has had a huge impact on the workplace environment and virtual meetings are becoming increasingly popular. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the positive, neutral, or negative verbal behavior of co-workers effects the productivity of workers in a virtual setting. Undergraduate students were randomly assigned to be in the positive, negative, or neutral group. Participants entered a video call with a confederate, then engaged in a data entry task for three ten-minute sessions with one-minute breaks between each session. A verbal prompt specific to the testing group was delivered by the confederate before the first session, and during each of the one-minute breaks. The preliminary results show that the positive statement group were more productive than participants in the neutral and negative group. Members of the positive group were also more likely to strongly agree and agree with the statement “I thought the task was enjoyable,” while participants in the negative group were more likely to disagree and strongly disagree with the same statement. The implications of this work and areas for future research will be discussed.
 
48.

A Multiple-Baseline Study for the Application of a B-BS Protocol in Gabbioneta Pumps

Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
Maria Gatti (A.A.R.B.A.), ANDREA MENEGON (A.A.R.B.A.)
Discussant: Nicole Gravina (University of Florida)
Abstract:

In large manufacturing companies, it is common practice to hire contractors to do specific activities, especially during periods of high work intensity. The majority of these companies are able to successfully apply behavioral safety protocols such as B-BS (Behavior-Based Safety), giving a higher focus on the increase of numbers concerning safe behavior and decreasing the percentage of accidents and injuries workers are daily exposed to. A multiple baseline approach and a statistical test C has been used to confirm the validity of the final results and to evaluate the effectiveness of the implementation of the B-BS protocol. The study precisely focuses on the effectiveness of the B-BS protocol in relation to external contracting workers. Such work has been implemented in an engineering industry, Trillium Pumps Italy (Gabbioneta PumpsTM), that is specialized in the application of pumps and valves. The results obtained demonstrated the effectiveness of the B-BS protocol also regarding the contractors, with an increase in the number of safe behaviors. The integration, at all levels, of the individuals working in a company (contractors and workers), during a B-BS process, demonstrated it effectiveness in preventing and improving the understanding and application of a culture based on safety.

 
49. What We Know and What We Need to Learn About Behavior to Overcome COVID-19
Area: OBM; Domain: Theory
JENNIFER CRYSTAL GRABSKI (Association for Behavior Analysis International)
Discussant: Nicole Gravina (University of Florida)
Abstract: The recent Coronavirus pandemic has proven to be extremely serious due to the ease of transmission and limited medical defenses. At this point our best defense is behavioral changes. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) has recommended several behaviors to assist in reducing the transmission of COVID-19 including increasing hand hygiene and cleaning procedures; keeping distance from other people; wearing masks and staying home when sick. Behavioral research on adherence to these guidelines and the interventions in place to increase adherence, while ongoing is limited. Getting people to employ these behaviors presents a challenge to organizations and political leaders alike. This poster evaluates the behavioral literature on recommended behavior adherence, policy and intervention recommendations, dissemination of information and what is needed for future research. Interventions need to go beyond simple information dissemination and include antecedent control and reinforcement. Organizations and political leaders should work together to achieve greater adherence to recommended behaviors and utilize what happens in the workplace to enhance the behavior of the greater environment. Future research should focus on measurable behaviors, empirical data, and a better understanding of the relationship to the environment and pandemic related behaviors.
 
50.

A Survey on the Needs for Post Training of Autism Therapists in China

Area: OBM; Domain: Service Delivery
KAIWEN ZHU (Research Associate at Beijing INGCare), Ziwei Xu (Academic Director at Institute for Accessibility Development at Tsinghua University, Beijing INGCare), Xuegang Wang (Director for Training and Development at Beijing INGCare), Lifang Li (Speech-Language Therapy Clinical Supervisor at Beijing INGCare), Lie Zhang (Director for Autism Program at Institute for Accessibility Development Tsinghua University)
Discussant: Nicole Gravina (University of Florida)
Abstract:

According to a research in 2019, there are over 10 million people with ASD in China currently, which causes a huge gap of professional therapists in the field of autism treatment. In order to provide effective treatment for people with ASD, a professional post training system is necessary to ensure the overall quality of therapists in this field. Considering the whole world was influenced by COVID-19 in 2020 and the needs of them might have changed a lot, a new questionnaire was designed to find out therapists’ current needs. A total of 202 questionnaires were collected and 185 of them are providing treatment for clients with ASD. The main purpose of the study is to explore the needs of therapists in the field of autism treatment and provide suggestions for institutions and organizations who provide post trainings in this field. Three suggestions are offered for public organizations, private institutions and universities based on the result of this research.

 
51. Systematic Review of Self-Monitoring Accuracy of Safety Behavior
Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
JOHN DOUGLAS ZANGERLE (Temple University)
Discussant: Nicole Gravina (University of Florida)
Abstract: Self-monitoring procedures have been applied to various populations, in diverse settings, and have focused on a wide variety of behaviors. While the relation between the accuracy of self-monitored data and changes in target behavior has been examined in research, there has been relatively less research focusing on the accuracy of self-monitored data in relation to the change in safety behavior. Studies (n=11) where self-monitoring procedures were introduced to target specific safety behaviors in adults were reviewed and analyzed to determine the relation between the accuracy of self-monitored data and various other aspects of an intervention, including the percent change of target behavior. This analysis found a positive but small correlation between the relevant measures. This analysis suggests that the act of self-monitoring in and of itself is important for behavior change. There is a possibility that increases in self-monitoring accuracy could lead to desirable changes in targeted safety behaviors, but further analysis of a larger sample size of studies would be required to determine the relationships among these measures.
 
52.

Applications of the Performance Diagnostic Checklist – Human Services in an Inpatient Unit: An Examination of Multiple Informants

Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
BRITTNEY WORKMAN (Kennedy Krieger Institute; Towson University), Christopher M Dillon (Kennedy Krieger Institute), Lynn G. Bowman (Kennedy Krieger Institute; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine), Samantha Hardesty (Kennedy Krieger Institute; )
Discussant: Nicole Gravina (University of Florida)
Abstract:

The Performance Diagnostic Checklist-Human Services (PDC-HS) is an indirect assessment used to identify environmental variables contributing to deficiencies in job performance. The PDC-HS is quickly becoming popular among human service organizations (Wilder et al., 2020) and was designed to be completed by managers, however no research exists providing guidance on appropriate informants. In the current study, the PDC-HS was completed by both administrative (i.e., managers) and non-administrative (i.e., direct care staff) employees for a variety of performance improvement initiatives (PII) in an inpatient hospital unit. These initiatives were aimed to improve employee performance in the following areas: staff call outs, switching shifts, adjustments to time clock documentation, providing positive feedback, compliance with written reviews, hand hygiene, annual competency completion, vaccination requirements, treatment fidelity, and reporting injuries. Results indicated that administrative and non-administrative employees identified the same domains across PII on average 58% of the time, suggesting multiple informants may strengthen the validity of the PDC-HS. We also found the most commonly identified domain was Performance Consequences, Effort, and Competition. Implications surrounding these findings are discussed.

 
53. Improving Direct Staff Attendance in a Center-Based ABA Program
Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
Sarah C Connolly (May Institute), MADELYN PALMATIER (May Institute)
Discussant: Nicole Gravina (University of Florida)
Abstract: While topics like staff retention, burnout and job satisfaction have been widely studied in the human service field, there have been few recent evaluations on the effect that unplanned staff callouts have on practitioners and clients across the field. According to Duclay, Hardouin, Sebille, Anthoine & Moret (2014), staff absenteeism has a direct impact on patient satisfaction and care in a clinical setting. The current study aimed to evaluate the effects of a progressive contingency plan on the number of unplanned staff call outs, and consequently, the number of early intervention service hours being provided to center-based clients diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The evaluated intervention included strictly adhering to prescribed attendance policy and aligning quarantine policies to the Massachusetts Department of Early Education and Care. Results of the current study indicate that implementing a progressive contingency plan (verbal warning, written warning, final written warning) and adjusting guidelines regarding quarantine did have an effect on decreasing the total number of hours staff unexpectedly called out in a month, subsequently increasing the number of service hours for clients per month.
 
54. The Effectiveness of Mindfulness in Applied Behavior Analysis: An Approach to Staff Training
Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
LIZA ALBRIGHT (Emergent Learning Academy), Autumn N. McKeel (Emergent Learning Academy)
Discussant: Nicole Gravina (University of Florida)
Abstract: The purpose of the current study was to show whether mindfulness training is an effective intervention in training staff to utilize techniques during therapy sessions by measuring the number of reported thoughts which are of the present moment (i.e., mindful) and thus increases mindfulness. The participants were behavior technicians working with clients in an ABA clinic. In this multiple baseline study, the dependent variable consisted of completion of rating scales consistent with being mindful and the percentage of self reported "present" thoughts during each session following a mindfulness training. Reported thoughts were coded and an operational definition was determined to score participants' "present" thoughts. Results are expected to show an increase in mindful thoughts following the mindfulness training, in the clinical sessions, as reported by each participant’s self reported thoughts.
 
 

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