Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


41st Annual Convention; San Antonio, TX; 2015

Event Details

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Paper Session #463
Technology Applications in Interventions for ASD
Tuesday, May 26, 2015
11:00 AM–11:50 AM
217B (CC)
Area: AUT
Keyword(s): Technology
Chair: Fran Vitale (Michigan State University)
Best Evidence Synthesis of Mobile Technology for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Domain: Applied Research
FRAN VITALE (Michigan State University), Mari MacFarland (Michigan State University), Josh Plavnick (Michigan State University)
Abstract: Mobile communication devices (e.g., iPod, iPad, tablet PC’s) are increasingly used as part of instructional programming for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. However, mobile devices (1) can be expensive, (2) require training time, (3) necessitate identification, and selection of appropriate applications, and (4) may need to be combined with other behavioral practices to ensure optimal gains for learners. The proliferation of devices and applications exceeds the pace at which researchers can consolidate best practices for deployment of the technology in educational programs for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. This presentation discusses the results of two research studies, the first a literature review, and the second a best-evidence synthesis of the intervention research that employed mobile communication devices and related applications for individuals with autism. The synthesis will include outcomes for 66 peer-reviewed articles covering four domains: (a) academic, (b) communication, (c) social, and (d) adaptive skills. In addition, the range of devices, applications, and behavior intervention procedures used by intervention agents will be described. The outcomes of the research studies will be discussed within the context of implications for future research and for individuals who use mobile technology in the provision of services to individuals with autism.
The Use and Effectiveness of Technological Aids for Toilet Training
Domain: Service Delivery
JANINE SHAPIRO (The Applied Behavior Center), Olivia Ivanson (The Applied Behavior Center for Autism), Karen Brzezinski (The Applied Behavior Center for Autism)
Abstract: Age-appropriate toileting behavior is a significant deficit for children with developmental disabilities such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Positive reinforcement procedures are often used to shape independent toileting behavior and to motivate individuals to remain clean and dry. This presentation will discuss the specific behavior analytic protocol used by a center for children with autism to teach elimination in the toilet and data will be presented regarding effectiveness across five patients. Behaviorists frequently reinforce successful toileting behavior on fixed-interval schedules of reinforcement. When combined with scheduled toilet breaks, children may be able to wear underwear and eliminate on the toilet reliably, but this requires the guidance and intervention of an adult. The behavior of independently manding to use the toilet is not as easily shaped as scheduled elimination, and if the child does not request the toilet and the parents or guardians do not guide the child to the toilet frequently, accidents are likely to occur. This presentation examines the effectiveness of a procedure for pairing highly preferred reinforcers with an auditory signaling device (i.e., The Potty Timer Watch) to transfer stimulus control for going to the bathroom and eliminating from a parent or guardian to a technological aid worn by the child. The Potty Timer Watch is designed to reduce reliance on parents whose children require scheduled toileting guidance. Data concerning a 4-year-old girl's increase in independent toileting in the absence of independent manding for the toilet across the home and clinical environments will be discussed.
Keyword(s): Technology



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