Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.


41st Annual Convention; San Antonio, TX; 2015

Event Details

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Symposium #6
CE Offered: BACB
Evaluating Procedures for Parent and Staff Training
Saturday, May 23, 2015
1:00 PM–1:50 PM
217D (CC)
Area: AUT; Domain: Applied Research
Chair: April N. Kisamore (Caldwell University)
CE Instructor: April N. Kisamore, Ph.D.
Abstract: The proposed symposium includes three presentations addressing evaluations of procedures for parent and staff training. The first presentation evaluated an interactive computer training to teach parents to implement activity schedules with children with autism in the home. The second presentation evaluated the effects of video modeling as a training tool to teach four parents of children with autism to use guided compliance. The results of these studies indicate that parents can be taught to use behavior analytic strategies in the home. The third presentation evaluated the effects of a comprehensive video that contained written instructions, a voice over script, models, and rehearsal and a component analysis of the video components. The results indicated that viewing the comprehensive video was effective at increasing performance related to conducting preference assessments and that all components were necessary for training to be effective. The results of these studies provide support for the effectiveness of a range of training approaches for parents and staff.
Keyword(s): Computer Training, Parent training, Staff training, Video Modeling
An Evaluation of an Interactive Computer Training to Teach Parents to Implement a Photographic Activity Schedule
KRISTINA GERENCSER (Utah State University ), Thomas S. Higbee (Utah State University), Jessica Akers (Utah State University), Bethany P. Contreras Young (Utah State University )
Abstract: Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder are characterized by deficits in language and social interaction, as well as repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Because of these deficits, many children with autism tend to engage in unusual play or engage in behaviors that impede with play. An activity schedule is one technology that has been used to teach appropriate play, social skills, and independence for children with autism. Activity schedules have been used in a variety of settings such as at school and in home, however little attention has been paid to parent implemented activity schedules. Teaching parents how to use a technique that promotes independence would be of social significance. Therefore, a method to disseminate this technique to a broader community, such as parents, seems warranted. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of an interactive computer training to teach parents to implement an activity schedule with their child with autism in home. A fidelity checklist was used to measure the percentage of correctly implemented steps to teach an activity schedule. In baseline the percentage of steps completed correctly were low (0-11%) and following the interactive computer training, both participants’ teaching fidelity greatly increased (89-95%).
The Effects of Video Modeling with Voice-over Instruction on Parent Implementation of Guided Compliance with Children with Autism
HEIDI SPIEGEL (Caldwell University), April N. Kisamore (Caldwell University), Jason C. Vladescu (Caldwell University), Amanda Karsten (Western New England University)
Abstract: Noncompliance with requests is a common problem for some children with autism. Failure to follow directions can interfere with learning, result in poor relationship with caregivers, and affect the lives of families of individuals with ASDs. Previous research has demonstrated the effectiveness of guided compliance for increasing compliance of children with ASDs and caregivers have been successfully taught to implement guided compliance using behavioral skills training. Video modeling has proven effective for teaching staff who work with children with disabilities a variety of skills but has not received much attention in the parent training literature. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of video modeling as a training tool to teach four parents of children with ASDs to use guided compliance. Parent treatment fidelity was scored using a checklist of the components of manual guidance, and child performance was scored as completion or non-completion of parent-delivered directions. In baseline the percentage of components completed correctly were low (range across parents, 4%-48%), and child performance scores were also low (range across children, (13-67%). Following video modeling training, parent and children scores reached criterion (90% or higher for 2 consecutive sessions).
A Component Analysis of Video Training for Conducting Paired-stimulus Preference Assessments
CANDICE HANSARD (California Sate University Northridge), Ellie Kazemi (California State University, Northridge)
Abstract: Researchers have evaluated the use of videos for training; however, it is unclear what components are necessary for a video to be effective. In Experiment 1, we evaluated the effects of a comprehensive video that contained written instructions, a voice over script, models, and rehearsal. We found that all three participants met our mastery criteria immediately after viewing the video. In Experiment 2, we conducted a component analysis of the video to determine which components were necessary for it to be effective with 100% of the participants. We exposed 8 participants to 1 of 4 videos, each of the components, and found that all of the aforementioned components were needed for the video package to be an effective training tool if a supervisor will not be able to assess and provide performance feedback immediately after training. In the future, researchers can evaluate the necessary components of video packages that are developed to train other behavior procedures.



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