Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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11th International Conference; Dublin, Ireland; 2022

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Invited Panel #142
CE Offered: BACB/PSY/QABA
Behavior Analysts Playing Well With Others: Challenges and Successes in Extending Bridges to Other Disciplines
Saturday, September 3, 2022
5:00 PM–5:50 PM
Auditorium
Area: EAB; Domain: Service Delivery
Chair: Carol Pilgrim (University of North Carolina Wilmington)
CE Instructor: Carol Pilgrim, Ph.D.
Panelists: PAULINE HORNE (Bangor University), SUZANNE MITCHELL (Oregon Health & Science University), KATHRYN SAUNDERS (The University of Kansas)
Abstract:

Since its earliest days, behavior analysis has been envisioned as a science uniquely well suited to the study and enhancement of the broadest possible range of human endeavors and behavioral phenomena, all with a consistent conceptualization and a common methodological approach. It is arguably still the case, however, that the lion’s share of work within our field falls within a limited number of spheres. The three panelists here each provide exemplary exceptions to this pattern. All three have braved the challenges of working outside the typical boundaries of our field, translating our approach to those who speak different scientific languages, and in doing so have fostered increased recognition and appreciation for behavior-analytic approaches from other disciplines. Dr. Pauline Horne is known for her pioneering work in synthesizing behavior analysis and more traditional approaches from human development, with attendant benefits to targets ranging from imitation to early verbal behavior to children’s diet and health. Dr. Suzanne Mitchell’s influential work on impulsivity, discounting, and behavioral pharmacology spans multiple disciplines and has been tremendously impactful in representing to them the strengths of a behavior-analytic approach. Dr. Saunders’ program of study is a model in showcasing strategies for introducing state-of-the-science behavior-analytic approaches in reading to the conventional outlets and funding agencies of public education. These three women will reflect on their experiences with the challenges and the reinforcers that can result from extending bridges.

Instruction Level: Basic
Target Audience:

Behavior Analysts

Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of the presentation, participants will be able to: (1) Describe projects illustrating an extension of behavior-analytic approaches to nontraditional arenas; (2) Describe some common obstacles that may be encountered in such work; (3) Describe the potential reinforcers to be gained from taking a behavior-analytic approach to new disciplines.
PAULINE HORNE (Bangor University)
Pauline Horne is Professor of Child Psychology at the School of Health and Behavioural Sciences at Bangor University, Wales, UK. In 1996, Horne & Lowe formulated a new account of early language development in which "Naming" is defined as a bi-directional speaker-listener relation which can produce behaviours not overtly trained. With the late Professor Fergus Lowe, Pauline has also led the development and evaluation of Food Dudes, a healthy eating programme for 2-12 year old children at home and school. The program incentivises children's repeated tasting of target fruit and vegetables using role-modelling videos that show each Food Dudes character gaining "special energy" when they eat their signature fruit/vegetable. Children receive Food Dudes-customised reinforcers initially for tasting each target fruit and vegetable, and thereafter for eating whole portions of those foods. The program also trains both the specific and category name for each target fruit and vegetable to promote name-based generalisation of the intervention to other "fruits" and "vegetables". Food Dudes was first developed and delivered regionally in UK main stream primary and special education schools. From 2007, using the same inclusive model, Food Dudes was next rolled out to all schools in the Republic of Ireland. To date 1.7 million children worldwide have benefitted from taking part. The positive and lasting impact of Food Dudes on children's diets has been recognised by awards including the World Health Organisation and UK Chief Medical Officers, UK. More recently, Pauline has developed "Dynamic Dudes" a complementary program in which the Food Dudes characters harness the "special energy" they acquire from eating fruit and vegetables to perfect their favourite activity skills (football; dance; martial arts; football). Dynamic Dudes targets children's cardiorespiratory fitness and mental wellbeing by increasing their daily moderate-high intensity activity at school. The combination of Food Dudes and Dynamic Dudes is termed "Super Dynamic Food Dudes".
SUZANNE MITCHELL (Oregon Health & Science University)
Suzanne H. Mitchell, Ph.D., is a Professor at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) in the Behavioral Neuroscience and Psychiatry departments, and in the Oregon Institute for Occupational Health Sciences. She obtained her undergraduate degree at the University of Hull, England and her Ph.D. from the State University of New York at Stony Brook. Her thesis examined the economics of foraging behavior of rats, examining the role of the energetic costs and benefits in feeding. Her committee was chaired by Howard Rachlin, whose influence made her sensitive to the role of temporal costs as well as energetic costs in determining the value of food rewards. During a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Chicago, Dr. Mitchell worked with Harriet de Wit focusing on using behavioral economics as an explanation for use of alcohol, cigarettes, and amphetamine in humans. Dr. Mitchell moved her lab to OHSU in 2001 from the University of New Hampshire to devote more time to research examining why drug users tend to be more impulsive than non-drug users using human and animal models. Most recently she has returned to her earlier interests in energetic costs and her research has increased its scope to include effort-related decision-making in clinical populations and understanding the genetic bases of choice. She has been continuously funded through NIH since 2003, has served on numerous NIH study sections as a member and as an ad hoc participant, and has received awards for education and for mentorship. She is currently the Science Board coordinator for the Association of Behavior Analysis International, President-Elect of the Society for the Quantitative Analysis of Behavior, and an Associate Editor for the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior.
KATHRYN SAUNDERS (The University of Kansas)
Dr. Saunders is a Senior Scientist in the Life Span Institute at the University of Kansas, where she is a member of the NICHD-funded Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center. Her current primary research interest is in the basic-process informed development of computerized instructional programming for early reading skills, with a specific focus on phonemic awareness and the alphabetic principle. There is incontrovertible evidence that the skill of phonemic awareness greatly enhances the benefit that children derive from phonics instruction. Phonemic awareness can be defined as the abstraction of individual phonemes from whole syllables. As such, the conceptualization of how to promote abstraction provided by Skinner (in Verbal Behavior), Englemann and Carnine (In Theory of Instruction) is a scientific interest in common with Speech-Language and Special Education Instructors. In addition to crossing scientific disciplines, her career has combined basic research on relational learning with applied research on the development of individualized instructional programming, and her publication record reflects a combination of publications in both basic and applied journals, the latter in both Behavior Analytic and Speech-Language journals. Her work has been funded nearly continuously for over two decades, primarily by NICHD, but recently by the Institute of Education Sciences. She also has been the PI for two NIH postdoctoral training grants. Dr. Saunders is a Fellow and former President of Division 25 of the American Psychological Association, a Fellow and a former member of the Board of Directors of the Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI), a voting member of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading, and the 2019 winner of the Distinguished Contribution Award for substantial long-term contributions to the Experimental Analysis of Human Behavior (ABAI). She has served several terms on the editorial boards of JABA, JEAB, and The Behavior Analyst, and as an Associate Editor for the latter two journals, as well as numerous guest reviews for other journals in the fields of BA, Speech-Language, and Intellectual Disabilities.
 

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