|Expanding Behavioral Safety to New Areas
|Saturday, May 23, 2020
|12:00 PM–12:50 PM
|Marriott Marquis, Level M4, Archives
|Area: OBM; Domain: Translational
|Chair: Christoph F. Bördlein (University of Applied Sciences Würzburg-Schweinfurt)
|CE Instructor: Christoph F. Bördlein, Ph.D.
Behavioral Safety is not only relevant to “classical” physical work in plants. It’s also important in social service organizations and other environments that are not typically in focus, when thinking about workplace safety. This symposium highlights several developments in behavioral safety. One is the application of the well-established procedures to work environments previously not being targeted much by behavior analysis. The first talk is about the use of the Performance-Diagnostic Checklist – Safety (PDC-S) to enhance safety in two social service institutions. The other presentations in this symposium describe the collaborative effort of machinery safety experts and behavior analysts to include the knowledge of behavior analysis into international standards of workplace safety like the International Standard Organization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Behavior analysis introduces it’s measurement and assessment strategies to machinery safety, to make the human factor – once thought of as a “soft” factor – more controllable and manageable. Perspecitves for future developments are discussed.
|Instruction Level: Intermediate
|Keyword(s): behavioral saftey, international standards, machinery safety, PDC
|Using the PDC-Safety and the PDC-Human Services to facilitate safety in social service institutions
|CHRISTOPH F. BÖRDLEIN (University of Applied Sciences Würzburg-Schweinfurt)
|Abstract: Employees in social service institutions, e.g. those providing day care for mentally and / or physically impaired adults or social work assistance for endangered youths face a variety of safety hazards. Those hazards origin not only from the physical environment but also from the behavior of the people taken care of. To analyze the contingencies influencing the safety of employees in organizations, Martinez-Onstott, Wilder, and Sigurdsson (2016) developed the Performance Diagnosis Checklist Safety (PDC-S). The PDC-HS (Human Services; Carr, Wilder, Majdalany, Mathisen & Strain, 2013) addresses performance problems including safety issues in human service organizations. We present two applications of these checklists to analyze the contingencies underlying safety issues in an intermediate home for children with various behavior problems and in a sheltered workshop for adults with multiple mental and physical disabilities. Results were used to develop safety checklists for behavioral self-monitoring of employees and safety observations of the work environment and the behavior of the people looked after.
|Experiments in Behavioral Safety in Machinery Safety in Japan
|RIEKO HOJO (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health), Shoken Shimizu (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan), Kyoko Hamajima (National Institute of Occupational Health, Japan), Shigeo Umezaki (National Institute of Occupational Health, Japan), Koichi Ono (Komazawa University)
|Abstract: The author reports about her attempts to introduce behavior analysis to the machinery safety field in Japan. Behavior analysts and machinery safety experts sometimes work together for experiments and in the applied setting, and the results are applied to safety measure at industrial worksite. Among these activities in the machinery safety field, the most characteristic one is participation to international standards, such as International Standard Organization (ISO) and/or International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). ISO develops and publishes International Standards. It creates documents that provide requirements, specifications, guidelines or characteristics that can be used consistently to ensure that materials, products, processes and services are fit for their purpose. On the other hand, the IEC is the world’s leading organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies. The principles of human behavior are an element of the current collaborative safety, required by machinery safety and it contributes to establish these standards. We show several examples of this new approach and discuss the new development intiated by this collaboration.
|The Safety Management System as a New Achievement Place for Behavior Analysis
|SHOKEN SHIMIZU (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan), Rieko Hojo (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health), Kyoko Hamajima (National Institute of Occupational Health, Japan), Shigeo Umezaki (National Institute of Occupational Health, Japan), Koichi Ono (Komazawa University)
|Abstract: These days an enormous change in the society system, called the Industrial Revolution has been appeared all over the world, such as Industry 4.0, and Connected Industries and/or Society 5.0 in Japan. In such situation, man-machine collaboration is quite important because machines and humans at workplace are connected by Internet of Things (IoT) or/and Information and Communications Technology (ICT) devices. All these industrial revolutions refer to productivity. A way of thinking and measures about safety which is adopted to such society should be established now. So far, safety at workplace has been protected and maintained by specialists from the machinery safety field, mainly focusing on the hardware side. On the other hand, human factors have not been sufficiently considered in the machinery safety field so far. Therefore, rational measurements, analysis and evaluation of human behavior is now important for collaborative safety. Specialists in machinery safety found that behavior analysis is one of the most applicable sciences for the novel safety measure, because it measures human behavior objectively, quantitatively and directly. In this presentation, we propose some approaches for collaborative activity with specialists from the field of behavior analysis to manage safety in machinery safety field together. Those are participating to international standards, quantitative evaluation of machinery systems and analysis of risk assessment.