Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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49th Annual Convention; Denver, CO; 2023

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Poster Session #370I
OBM Monday Poster Session
Monday, May 29, 2023
1:00 PM–3:00 PM
Convention Center, Exhibit Hall F
Chair: Melissa Saunders (Creative Interventions)
135. Feasibility of Immediate Feedback Procedure in a Human Service Setting
Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
ELIZABETH PARTHUM (Mount Saint Mary's University), Kwadwo O. Britwum (Mount Saint Mary's University), Lynn Schumacher (Mount Saint Mary's University), Jessica Ware (Mount Saint Mary's University)
Discussant: Melissa Saunders (Creative Interventions)
Abstract: The effectiveness of applied behavior analytic intervention depends not only on the intervention plans, but also on the fidelity of its implementation. Behavioral Skills Training (BST), a treatment package for effective teaching, has been shown to increase the accuracy in application of behavior analytic treatments. Feedback is an essential part of BST, and response contingent acoustic feedback is one method to provide feedback. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of instructions accompanied by response contingent acoustic feedback on staff’s use of behavior specific praise (BSP) with clients, and its impact on client outcomes. Three practitioner-client dyads participated in the study. BSP increased post intervention for all participants, and increases were maintained in follow-up probes. Correct responding also increased for two of the participant’s clients because of the staff intervention and maintained for one client as a result of the increase in BSP.
 
136. The Effect of Remote Behavioral Skills Training on Praise Statements of Staff
Area: OBM; Domain: Service Delivery
JAMILA M BHATTI (Consultants for Children, Inc. ), Anne C. Denning (Consultants for Children, Inc. ), Jessica Jager (Consultants for Children, Inc.), Lindsay Maffei-Almodovar (NY Behavior Analysis & Psychological Services), John Claude Ward-Horner (Evergreen Center)
Discussant: Gabrielle Indah Torres (Autism Aid Foundation / Find Your Balance LLC / Capella University)
Abstract: Delivering frequent praise is an important and economical way for staff to maintain a positive relationship with learners and to improve on-task behavior (Kranak, Alber Morgan, & Sawyer, 2017). Nevertheless, much of the research on praise delivery has occurred in educational settings with teachers. The present study examined the effect of telehealth Behavioral Skills Training (BST) to increase the rate of praise delivered by Registered Behavior Technicians (RBT) in a clinical setting and to examine the effects of this training on learner’s on-task behavior. A multiple probe design was used to evaluate remote-BST on RBTs’ rate of praise delivery. During baseline, participants were provided written instructions on the definition of praise as well as the timing and frequency of its delivery. Training was conducted via telehealth and consisted of video modeling, rehearsal, and feedback. The rate of praise delivery for two participants improved following training, and the participants who have yet to undergo training continue to deliver praise at a low rate. Following training, experimenters will continue to collect data to evaluate skill maintenance for up to four months. Telehealth can provide flexibility to BCBA’s in both rural and urban settings.
 
138. The Use of Behavioral Skills Training to Increase Employees Positive Communication and Engagement With Clients in Geriatric Care
Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
JOHANNA GILSDOTTIR (Reykjavik University), Hanna Steinunn Steingrimsdottir (Reykjavik University; Oslo Metropolitan University)
Discussant: Gabrielle Indah Torres (Autism Aid Foundation / Find Your Balance LLC / Capella University)
Abstract:

Behaviors that may be associated to higher perceived quality-of-life, such as the opportunity to participate in meaningful activities, expressing wants and needs, and socializing with others, may be negatively affected in individuals with a neurocognitive disorder (NCD, i.e., Alzheimer´s Disease). Due to deterioration of executive functions, such as taking initiative and lack of motivation, there is an increased risk of in-activity for individuals with NCD. Also, if the setting in which the person is does not actively support participation and activity engagement, in-activity may become even more apparent. Previous studies have shown that by training employees, activity attendance and engagement, and communication may be increased in NCD residents living in geriatric care units. The current study analyzed the effects of behavioral management skills training to increase positive communication and engagement of three certified nursing assistants (CNS) with residents with NCDs at the unit. Results from a multiple baseline across target participants showed an increase in positive communication and engagement with the residents by an average of 81.3% in CNA A, by 65.7% in CNA B, and 26.7% in CNA C. Both CNA A and CNA B had a notable increase in engagement with residents from baseline. However, CNA C had the least increase from baseline.

 
139. Graphing and Monitoring Staff Injuries: Insights From the Neurobehavioral Unit
Area: OBM; Domain: Service Delivery
CHRISTOPHER M DILLON (Kennedy Krieger Institute), Samantha Hardesty (Kennedy Krieger Institute; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine), Lynn G. Bowman (Kennedy Krieger Institute and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine)
Discussant: Melissa Saunders (Creative Interventions)
Abstract:

ABA providers who serve individuals that engage in severe problem behavior may be at particularly high risk of injury. However, there is little research on the prevalence or severity of staff injuries among these providers, nor on best-practice strategies to prevent or mitigate staff’s risk of injury. The Neurobehavioral Unit (NBU), at the Kennedy Krieger Institute, is the nation’s first ABA-based hospital program to assess and treat severe behavior disorders. The purpose of this study is to describe the NBU’s behavior-based safety approach to reporting and monitoring staff injuries and utilization of personal protective equipment (PPE) and share examples of ways to visually depict staff injuries through the use of body images to denote injury locations, cumulative records of injury severity across admission, as well as types of behaviors resulting in injury. A case example will be provided depicting how these graphs are utilized to more effectively monitor and enact plans to reduce injuries among staff. Future directions, such as modifying staff training and hospital practices, to wide-scale implications for other ABA providers will be discussed.

 
140. The Effect of Behavioral Skills Training on Praise Statements of Staff in a Day Habilitation Center
Area: OBM; Domain: Service Delivery
INGA MCKAY (Anderson Center for Autism), Katelyn Davidowich (Anderson Center for Autism), Gina Marie Feliciano (Anderson Center for Autism), Lindsay Maffei-Almodovar (NY Behavior Analysis & Psychological Services), John Claude Ward-Horner (Evergreen Center)
Discussant: Gabrielle Indah Torres (Autism Aid Foundation / Find Your Balance LLC / Capella University)
Abstract: Increased positive interactions between caregivers and individuals with developmental disabilities improve overall staff/learner relationships and learner outcomes (Neef, 2020). Further, a praise delivery rate of at least four praise statements per minute has been shown to increase on-task behavior of adolescent learners with autism (Kranak, Alber Morgan, & Sawyer, 2017). Few studies have examined the effects of BST on increasing praise delivery rates of staff members working with adult learners. The authors of this study used a multiple probes design to evaluate the effects of behavioral skills training (BST) on the rate of praise delivered by staff members to learners at a day habilitation center for adults with developmental disabilities. Praise delivery rates for all three staff members are currently increasing following the delivery of behavioral skills training. Rehearsal and feedback sessions continue for all three participants. At the conclusion of training, the experimenters will measure the extent to which praise delivery rates are maintained post training for three to four months. All trained staff member participants will also be asked to complete a survey regarding the effectiveness and acceptability of the training procedures in order to measure the social validity of the study.
 
141. Increasing Accurate Use of Personal Protective Equipment and Reducing Injuries in the Workplace Using a Computer-Based Behavioral Skills Training Package
Area: OBM; Domain: Applied Research
WLADIMIR DORELIEN (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology), Amanda Cano (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology), Julie A. Ackerlund Brandt (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology ), Susan D. Flynn (The Chicago School of Professional Psychology), Lisa N. Britton (Britton Behavioral Consulting)
Discussant: Melissa Saunders (Creative Interventions)
Abstract: Workplace safety is a socially significant concern. Injuries and accidents on the job can result in serious consequences for employees and can be a liability to employers and owners. The accurate use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is required for on-the-job safety, and performance of skills, such as the accurate use of PPE, may be taught using behavior skills training (BST). Recently, the efficiency of BST has been improved with the incorporation of media (i.e., computers). In the current study, a concurrent multiple-baseline design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of a computer-based BST (CBST) package on increasing the use of PPE and reducing accidents and injuries in the workplace. Three full-time contractors at a glass and mirror company located in Florida participated in the study. Results included immediate increases in accurate use of PPE following CBST. Results did not show any significant change in injuries or accidents following intervention; however, this was likely due to the limited data following intervention. Additionally, positive feedback obtained from the owner of the company lends to the high social validity of CBST as a training module.
 
 

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