|Verbal Correspondence: From the Laboratory to Applied Research
|Monday, May 25, 2020
|3:00 PM–4:50 PM
|Marriott Marquis, Level M2, Marquis Ballroom 1/2
|Area: EAB/VRB; Domain: Translational
|Chair: Concepcion Serrador Diez (Universidad de Guadalajara, CEIC)
|Discussant: Julio C. De Rose (Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos)
The phenomenon of behavioral correspondence has been studied in different areas of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, and has been defined by Lattal & Doepke as a generic label describing a relation between actions of the same individual occurring at different times. In studies with humans, one of these behaviors is verbal and another is non-verbal, and the investigations typically focus on how the verbal behavior influences subsequent non-verbal behavior (say-do correspondence) or is influenced by the previous non-verbal behavior (do-say correspondence). Combinations of these sequences, such as say-do-report have also been investigated. The phenomenon has been also studied in non-humans, where a modified conditional discrimination simulates "say-do" correspondence in rats. This symposium covers different ways to study correspondence, from basic animal research to the clinical area, including also studies of both do-say and say-do correspondence with children. This view of different procedures, populations and tasks in the investigation of correspondence aims to show the extension of the phenomenon, from basic animal research through translational human research and extending to applied clinical research.
|Instruction Level: Intermediate
|Keyword(s): Say-Do-Report, Translational Research, Verbal Behavior, Verbal correspondence
|Delay Between Moments and Magnitude of the Reinforcer in Say-Do Correspondence in Rats
|CONCEPCION SERRADOR DIEZ (Universidad de Guadalajara, CEIC), Carlos Javier Flores Aguirre (Universidad de Guadalajara)
|Abstract: Correspondence is a relation between actions occurring at two different times. In the present study, a replica of the studies made in animal correspondence was carried out through an adaptation of a conditional discrimination task, modifying the magnitude of the consequence delivered (0.01 cc of water with 2.5% or 5% sugar) at the end of each trial, and the delay between moments of discrimination (0 and 3 seconds). 8 rats were assigned to one of two groups (Constant, Ascendant) and went through two phases, the first without delay between moments and with a consequence of water with 2.5% sugar; Phase 2 implied delay between moments for both groups although they diverged due to the consequences -2.5% for Constant Group and 5% for Ascendant Group-. Results show that there was no difference between phases and groups in terms of the correspondence index of total trials. On the other hand, the correspondence index of complete trials showed lower correspondence throughout the trials in the phases. It is discussed in terms of the effects that the values ??used for the delay and the magnitude of the reinforcer have on the adjustment of this procedure for the study of correspondence in animals.
|Say-Do Correspondence Decreases Ingestion of Unhealthy Foods in Children
|JOSIANE MARIA DONADELI (Federal University of São Carlos), Julio C. De Rose (Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos)
|Abstract: It is still controversial whether consequences contingent on promises is sufficient to
change the frequency of a target behavior or if consequences contingent on say-do
correspondence are necessary. We investigated if promises decreased intake of
unhealthy foods by children, and if this was maintained with gradual withdrawal of
consequences. Six children aged 8-9 years participated. In each session, nine pieces of healthy foods were displayed together with nine pieces of attractive unhealthy foods. In the training phase, before foods were displayed, children promised to eat no more than one piece of unhealthy food and as many pieces of healthy foods they wanted, with contingent reinforcement for the promise. Reinforcement was gradually
withdrawn for children that showed say-do correspondence. Correspondence training
under continuous reinforcement was conducted for the other children, followed by
gradual withdrawal of reinforcement. Only two children needed correspondence
training, and this training was effective to decrease ingestion of unhealthy foods. For
the other four children, promises were effective from the outset. Therefore, all
children attained criterion of ingesting one piece of unhealthy food at the most. Four
of these children maintained this performance after withdrawal of consequences.
Interestingly, some children also increased ingestion of healthy foods.
|Effects of Monitoring on Children’s s Self-Report Accuracy in a Computerized Game
|MARIÉLE CORTEZ (Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos), Rafael Mazzoca (Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos), Douglas Donaris (Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos), Ricardo Oliveira (Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos)
|Abstract: Studies on do-say correspondence have investigated the effects of several controlling variables on children’s self-report accuracy. This study verified the role of monitoring (presence versus absence of an adult) on children’s do-say correspondence in a computerized game. Four children aged seven to nine years participated. “Doing” consisted of shooting at a target (ducks or space monsters) presented on the computer screen. “Saying” consisted of reporting on the accuracy of performance following the automated computer feedback (by clicking on a green square following a hit or on a red square following a miss).Baseline assessed report correspondence in the absence of the experimenter. During Monitoring condition, correspondence was assessed in the presence of the experimenter. A reversal design was used. Results indicated that in the absence of the experimenter, all participants presented high levels of non-corresponding reports of errors. The presence of the experimenter (monitoring condition) consistently increased corresponding reports. These findings indicated monitoring as a relevant controlling variable on children’s self-report accuracy.
Say-Do-Report Correspondence in Semi-Natural Contexts: A Methodological Proposal
|Isabel Avila-Herrero (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid), Carolina Trujilo-Sánchez (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid), Natalia Andrés- López (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid), JESÚS ALONSO-VEGA (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid), María Xesús Froxán-Parga (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid), Ricardo de Pascual Verdu (European University of Madrid)
Historically, the main purposeof the different lines of research that deal with the phenomenon of Say - Do - Report correspondence had consisted on studying the different processes of behavior modification in educational environments with children. Taking into account the importance of opening this line to other types of populations, it was considered relevant to extend the studies to the adult population. In order to do this, a pilot study was carried out with a double objective: to make a first approximation to the phenomenon of correspondence in the adult population and to design a new methodology suitable for this purpose. Based on the methodological difficulties and mistakes that became evident during the study and once the results were obtained (see examples: figure 1 and figure 2), we set ourselves the aim of correcting these mistakes by developing a more accurate methodology.This study is the result of the redesign of this methodology applied in a seminatural context with non-experimental tasks: new results will be shown and also the conclusionsextracted from them.