Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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49th Annual Convention; Denver, CO; 2023

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Poster Session #47L
PCH Saturday Poster Session
Saturday, May 27, 2023
1:00 PM–3:00 PM
Convention Center, Exhibit Hall F
Chair: Genevieve M DeBernardis (University of Nevada, Reno)
Diversity submission 148. Interlocking Operant Contingencies Intersecting With Respondent Conditioning: Understanding Police Interactions With African Americans
Area: PCH; Domain: Theory
GRIDANIA CHRISTY JEAN (Salem State University ), Darlene E. Crone-Todd (Salem State University)
Discussant: Erin S. Leif (Monash University)
Abstract:

In many cultures, and especially the United States of America, there are ways in which the general public and law enforcement differentially interact with each other. This interaction, by definition, involves a complex set of antecedents, behavior, and consequences. Understanding complex human behavior in terms of interlocking behavioral contingencies involves operant behavior analysis. However, to fully understand the conditioned physiological responses as well as the operant behavior that is involved, a comprehensive model should also include respondent conditioning. In this poster, we propose a conceptual model of how these types of conditioning intersect with the interactions between law enforcement and people of color and how that intersection affects both parties. Specifically, the model describes the interlocking metacontingencies and macro-contingencies, which assist in describing and explaining these functional relationships. According to this model, there are implications for all stakeholders to benefit from receiving behavioral skills training to partake in interactions that are less frightening and reactive. In addition, several recommendations are given for reinforcing de-escalation tactics and promoting more positive interactions.

 
149. Algorithmic AI Models or Evaluating Shaping Procedures
Area: PCH; Domain: Theory
JURNEE SKYLAR DUNN (Salem State University), Darlene E. Crone-Todd (Salem State University)
Discussant: Genevieve M DeBernardis (University of Nevada, Reno)
Abstract: Technology in the form of electronics and artificial intelligence (AI) has become increasingly interlocked with our daily lives, and especially in the field of behavior analysis. As our behavior is influenced by technology, and technology influences our behavior, we should continue to use AI to our advantage to better influence desirable target behaviors. AI is increasingly being used to bridge the gap between computer science and behavior analysis: By coding programs to help carry out gradual change procedures, for example, AI can be used to study effective parameters, predict behavior, and make recommendations about how to create better selection by consequences. This work can lead to accelerated or more efficient behavior change. In this poster, an algorithm for evaluating different methods of shaping procedures will be presented, including hill climbing and percentile reinforcement. In addition, current applications and future directions will be covered, as will extensions to other technologies, including robotics.
 
150. The Role of Context in Translation
Area: PCH; Domain: Theory
CHIARA FERRARI (University of Nevada Reno), Matthew Lewon (University of Nevada, Reno)
Discussant: Erin S. Leif (Monash University)
Abstract:

From a Skinnerian perspective, translation is a “special intraverbal behavior in which stimuli and responses are in different languages” (Skinner, 1957, p. 77). In defining translation as a “special” type of intraverbal, Skinner’s analysis was focused on the behavior of the speaker. While Skinner recognized the role of the listener in some circumstances (e.g., what it means to say that a listener “understands” an instance of verbal behavior), this is not described in detail in his analysis of translation. This poster aims to analyze translation in terms of the behavior of both speakers and listeners, with special attention to the issue of meaning and how this is determined by context. Skinner's analysis of a verbal episode in terms of speaker’s and listener’s roles will be reviewed, and his account of translation will be examined in this light. A distinction between a) acts of translation as a “speaker” and b) responding to the stimulus products of acts of translation as a “listener” will be drawn and analyzed. In both cases, the importance of context will be considered. Implications for conceptual and applied issues will be discussed.

 
151. The Founding of Applied Behavior Analysis: Rating and Ranking the Early Applied Behavioral Research Literature
Area: PCH; Domain: Theory
EDWARD K. MORRIS (University of Kansas), Deborah E. Altus (Washburn University), Matthew Novak (Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine)
Discussant: Genevieve M DeBernardis (University of Nevada, Reno)
Abstract: This poster describes the founding of applied behavior analysis by rating and ranking the degree to its founding articles (1959-1967) and those published in the first volume of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis (est. 1968) were consistent with the field’s seven dimensions. A literature search identified 18 founding articles (1959-1967) which were compared to 22 articles in the journal’s first volume. Rating and ranking them was based on rubrics that had zero-to-six-point scales for the degrees to which their research was consistent with the dimensions. The ratings of each article were used in graphical analyses of, for instance, (a) rankings of the founding articles and research programs and the first published article among them (i.e., Ayllon & Michael, 1959); (b) trends in the degrees to which the pre-journal articles were consistent with the dimensions and the journal articles (e.g., an increasing monotonic trend across them and those in the journal); and (c) differences in the ratings within the dimensions for the pre-journal and journal articles (e.g., the journal articles were significantly more behavioral and technological; see Fig. 1). The presentation concludes with additional analyses of the ratings and rankings for understanding the founding of applied behavior analysis.
 
 

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