|Exploring the Versatility of Applied Behavior Analysis
|Monday, May 29, 2023
|8:00 AM–9:50 AM
|Convention Center 406/407
|Area: TBA/PCH; Domain: Service Delivery
|Chair: Sarah Kern (University of Missouri St. Louis )
|Discussant: Darlene E. Crone-Todd (Salem State University)
|CE Instructor: Darlene E. Crone-Todd, M.S.
Behavior analysis is often primarily associated with behavior interventions for individuals with autism and other developmental disabilities. However, behavior analysis is a field with great potential to positively impact many other fields and populations. This symposium will focus on the implementation of behavior analysis in a variety of settings. In the first presentation, Dr. Nicole Pfaller-Sadovsky will present on the use of behavior-analytic principles to intervene in undesired behavior exhibited by companion dogs and explore aspects of those interventions that promote feasible implementation and effectiveness. In the second talk, Dr. Andresa De Souza will discuss the incorporation of programmed instruction in higher education settings. The third presentation will feature Dr. Abigail Kennedy, who will review the integration of behavior analysis into pediatric primary integrated care services. Finally, Dr. Maegan Pisman will overview user-experience (UX) research and its similarities and differences with ABA. Dr. Darlene Crone-Todd will serve as the discussant.
|Instruction Level: Intermediate
|Keyword(s): Animal behavior, Behavioral pediatrics, Higher education, User-experience research
This presentation is best suited for practitioners and researchers interested in learning how behavior analysis might be applied to a variety of fields and settings. Participants should possess a basic understanding of the generalization of behavior analytic principles.
|Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of the presentation, participants will be able to: (1) Name different areas of application of behavior analysis; (2) Understand how the principles of behavior analysis are applied in different fields; (3) Have practical recommendations for each of the fields presented.
CANCELLED: From Aggression to Separation-Anxiety: Using Behaviour-Analytic Principles to Understand and Intervene in Canine Undesired Behaviour
|Nicole Pfaller-Sadovsky (Queen's University Belfast)
Dog ownership has been shown to provide many benefits to humans, such as regular walking, improved cardiovascular health, as well as increased social interactions. However, dogs can display behaviours that are problematic for their owners and their respective social environment. Such behaviours can range from aggressive responses to separation-related behaviour problems. Unresolved problem behaviour in dogs often leads to a breakdown of the owner-dog relationship and may result in relinquishment. Therefore, our research aimed at investigating the characteristics of behavioural interventions that may contribute to feasible implementation and effectiveness (e.g., time-based delivery of reinforcers) and their effects on the emotional behaviour of dogs (e.g., vocalisations). This presentation will introduce our work on mild aggressive responses towards owners (“resource guarding”), separation-related behaviour (“separation anxiety”), and the effects of noncontingent reinforcement on the emotional behaviour of companion dogs.
|The Evolution of Programmed Instruction to Modern Day Instructional Design
|ANDRESA DE SOUZA (University of Missouri-St. Louis)
|Abstract: The advent of online instruction in higher education intensified the need for academic programs to develop effective teaching strategies. The scholarship of teaching and learning has received increasing attention from researchers and educators concerned with effective pedagogical strategies, particularly in the online environment. Behavior analysis involvement in the design of effective teaching strategies dates back to the 1950s when Skinner created his teaching machine and developed, alongside a group of researchers, a systematic process for the design of instructional material. Skinner termed this process Programmed Instruction (PI). PI has been regarded as the most researched model of instruction. It pioneered the field of instructional design in children's education, college and university teaching, and adult learning. PI is considered one of the solutions of behavior analysis for issues in higher education. This talk will provide a historical account of the development of Skinner's teaching machine and PI as a foundation for effective teaching technologies. It will present the main characteristics of PI and the empirical demonstrations of the effectiveness of PI in higher education. Finally, it will discuss the feasibility of implementing PI in online higher-education teaching.
|Incorporating Behavior Analysis Into Pediatric Primary Integrated Care
|ABIGAIL KENNEDY (Munroe Meyer Institute, University of Nebraska Medical Center)
|Abstract: Child and adolescent problem behaviors are typically first reported by caregivers to primary care providers. Integrating behavioral health into pediatric primary care settings decreases barriers to care by allowing children and their families to receive behavioral services in settings in which they are already comfortable receiving care. As most behavior analysts currently report working with individuals diagnosed with autism and other disabilities (BACB, n.d.), Friman (2010), Bruni and Lancaster (2019), and others have argued that incorporating behavior analysis into primary care would expand the reach of behavior analysis to a broader range of the population. However, working within the primary care setting requires adaption, including the use of brief sessions, generally held every one or two weeks, during which caregivers are often trained to serve as the primary implementers. This presentation will discuss these and other practical aspects of incorporating behavior analysis assessment, interventions, and data collection into pediatric primary integrated care services.
|A Behavior-Analytic Perspective of User Experience Principles
|MAEGAN D. PISMAN (imbueity & Instawork)
|Abstract: User experience research (UXR) is a discipline focused on developing digital and physical products based on the needs, preferences, and challenges experienced by the people who use those products. A good UX professional applies general usability heuristics and psychological principles to their designs as a best practice, but UXR is still necessary to understand the characteristics and needs of the specific users of a given product. While other fields of psychology have influenced UXR, applied behavior analysis (ABA) has yet to make its mark. The presenter will share how UXR and ABA are different (yet similar), review the UXR process within product development, provide a high-level overview of UXR principles while overlaying a behavior-analytic perspective, and discuss why we should pursue the opportunity to make a socially-significant impact on people through the tech industry. A case study will also be presented to show how we can translate our well-established methods to product design.