Association for Behavior Analysis International

The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice.

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    BPN: Behavioral Pharmacology and Neuroscience

    CBM: Clinical/Family/Behavioral Medicine

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    EAB: Experimental Analysis of Behavior

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11th International Conference; Dublin, Ireland; 2022

Event Details


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Invited Paper Session #96
CE Offered: BACB
Induction, Reinforcement, and Their Contribution to Behavioral Excess
Saturday, September 3, 2022
10:30 AM–11:20 AM
Auditorium
Area: EAB; Domain: Basic Research
Chair: Julian C. Leslie (Ulster University)
CE Instructor: Ricardo Pellon, Ph.D.
Presenting Author: RICARDO PELLON (Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia)
Abstract: Through extended evidence we have shown in the past that what was initially called adjunctive behavior in fact responds to similar environmental manipulations as conventional operant behavior, and that perhaps in all cases behavior is initially elicited by the delivery of the reinforcer and then strengthened by it, thus combining to result in excessive behavior. The dynamic combination of induction by reinforcer delivery (the elicitation part) and reinforcement (the strengthening part) can be seen in results on the control of behavior by past and future events. We are currently advancing on this issue by the proposal of a chaining model that combines both types of influence on behavior, showing an excellent fitting to steady-state data generated by intermittent food reinforcement schedules. We plan to extent its application to other models of excessive behavior, in particular those that deal with risky hyperactivity.
Instruction Level: Intermediate
Target Audience:

Behavior Analysts

Learning Objectives: At the conclusion of the presentation, participants will be able to:( 1) refresh the notion of induction; (2) acknowledge how induction and reinforcement can be combined; (3) understand the roles of induction and reinforcement in the initiation of maladaptive behavior.
 
RICARDO PELLON (Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia)
Ricardo Pellón got the Degree in Psychology in 1980 and in 1987 defended his PhD in the area of Experimental Psychology, both at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain). He has held research positions at University of Wales College of Cardiff, UK (1981-1984) and the Addiction Research Centre of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, Baltimore, USA (1990-1991). In 2005-2006 he spent a sabbatical leave at Arizona State University, USA. He is currently Professor of Psychology at Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain, where he directs an Animal Learning and Behaviour Lab working predominantly (but not exclusively) on animal models of excessive behavior, such as schedule-induced polydipsia and activity-based anorexia, both using laboratory rats as experimental subjects. He has published in international journals in the areas of learning and behavior, behavioral pharmacology, and neural substrates of behavior. He has supervised 14 PhD thesis in different Spanish universities and is currently supervising 5 PhD students at UNED. He has served as external examiner in many committees, including 42 PhD dissertations.
 

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